SUMMARY. What is diabetes? What causes diabetes? Type of diabetes. What causes it? Diabetes symptoms. Treatments for Diabetes. What type of nutrition do you plan when you have diabetes? And how do you normalize or maintain a good weight with diabetes?. What Is Diabetes?.
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The Balance of Glucose and Insulin:
Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy. Normally, the sugar you
take in is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose. The glucose then
circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel. Insulin, a hormone
produced by the pancreas, helps move the glucose into cells. A Healthy pancreas adjusts the
amount of insulin based on the level of glucose. But, if you have diabetes, this process breaks
down, and blood sugar levels become too high.
There are two main types of full-blown diabetes:
To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.
How glucose normally works?
Glucose is a main source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and other
tissues. Glucose comes from two major sources: the food you eat and your liver. During
digestion, sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream. Normally, sugar then enters cells
with the help of insulin.
The hormone insulin comes from the pancreas, a gland located just behind the
stomach. When you eat, your pancreas secretes insulin into your bloodstream. As
insulin circulates, it acts like a key by unlocking microscopic doors that allow sugar to
enter your cells. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream. As your blood
sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.
Your liver acts as a glucose storage and manufacturing center. When you haven’t eaten in a while, for example, your liver releases stored glucose to keep your glucose level within a normal range.
Causes of type 1 diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.
Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes
In prediabetes — which can lead to type 2 diabetes — and in type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Exactly why this happens is uncertain, although excess fat — especially abdominal fat — and inactivity seem to be important factors.
Causes of gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin. As your placenta grows larger in the second and third trimesters, it secretes more of these hormones — making it even harder for insulin to do its job. Normally, your pancreas responds by producing enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. But sometimes your pancreas can’t keep up. When this happens, too little glucose gets into your cells and too much stays in your blood. This is gestational diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
The symptoms of Type I diabetes often come on suddenly and very severely. They include: being
Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
Sometimes, people with Type II diabetes don't notice any symptoms or the symptoms are experienced
gradually. They include: blurry vision
Gestational diabetes Symptoms
may experience excessive weight gain, excessive hunger or thirst, excessive urination
or recurrent vaginal infections.
TreatmentofType 1 Diabetes
Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes
medication can help bring your blood sugar levels under control.
Treatment of Gestational diabetes
exercise, maintaining a healthy pregnancy weight, monitoring glucose levels and, if necessary,
daily insulin injections.
32 new symbols to support talking about Diabetes and healthy living. The Communicate: In Print update will install a new wordlist called diabetes.cwl. You will need to load this wordlist as your subsiduary list to access the symbols.
Gestational Diabetes Sample Menu: Herbed Grilled Chicken and rice with strawberry salad
Herbed Grilled ChickenIngredients: 4 oz. boneless chicken breast½ tbsp olive oil½ tsp. dried oregano¼ tsp. fresh thyme½ tsp. dried rosemary
Directions: Preheat either grill or broiler. Rinse and pat dry chicken. Combine olive oil and herbs together to form a paste and rub on chicken to coat. If possible, cover with plastic wrap and let marinate, refrigerated, for about 30 minutes. Grill or broil chicken, approximately 6-8 inches from heat source, for 4-6 minutes on each side until cooked.
Brown RiceIngredients: 3 tbsp brown rice¾ cup water
Directions: Place rice in a small pot with tight-fitting lid and cover with about 2 1/2 times the amount of water (4 tablespoons of rice, about 3/4 cup water). Bring to a boil, uncovered, on high heat; reduce heat to low, cover tightly and cook for about 40-45 minutes, or until water is absorbed and rice is tender.
Strawberry SaladIngredients: 2 cups mixed green salad5 cherry tomatoes2/3 cup sliced cucumber1 1/3 tbsp Italian low fat dressing1 cup sliced fresh strawberries
Directions: Add cherry tomatoes, sliced cucumber, and fresh strawberries to mixed green salad. Mix dressing in salad and enjoy.
Nutrition Information per serving: 437 calories; 33 gm protein; 49 gm carbs; 13 gm fat; 8 gm fiber; 400 gm sodium
Today’s Type 2 Diabetes Diet Recipe: Cinnamon French Toast
(Cinnamon Helps Control Sugar Levels in Type 2 Diabetics)
1 whole egg plus 2 egg whites1/2 cup fat-free skim milk1/4 tsp. vanilla extract1/8 tsp. cinnamon8 slices breadButter
1. In a shallow dish, whisk together egg and egg whites, milk, vanilla, and cinnamon. Dip each slice of bread quickly in egg mixture to coat one side, flip over with a fork, and quickly coat other side.
2. Place slices of bread in large nonstick fry pan coated with butter and warmed over medium heat. Cook until golden, turn over, and continue cooking until other side is golden. If cooking French toast in two batches, re-coat fry pan with cooking spray between batches.
Nutrition Facts for Cinnamon French Toast:
Servings – 4Serving Size – 2 slicesPreparation Time – 5 minutesStarch Exchanges – 2Calories – 167Calories From Fat – 27Total Fat – 3 gSaturated Fat – 1 gCholesterol – 54 mgSodium – 302 mgCarbohydrate – 27 gDietary Fiber – 1 gSugars – 3 gProtein – 8 g
Ripas Hospital To Introduce Diabetes Education Project - this April to decrease the number of diabetes patients, which has hit younger patients.
(Written by Rasidah H A B Monday, 15 March 2010 08:33 The Brunei Times)
World Diabetes Day at JPMC - IN CONJUNCTION with World Diabetes Day, Jerudong Park Medical Centre (JPMC) held a public forum to disseminate information on the disease. The theme for this year’s World Diabetes Day is ‘Understand Diabetes and Take Control’. Dr ArvindBamanikar, Senior Consultant Physician at JPMC highlighted that the current scenario of diabetes in Brunei has a prevalence status of about 25 per cent of the figures from screening health figures.
(written by Edwin Eng Nov 14th, 2009 The Brunei Times)
Keeping women's health in check - WITH diabetes ranked as third leading cause of death in Brunei, the public were advised to take better care of their health.
(Written by Syed Rory Malai Hassan , Monday, March 15, 2010 The Brunei Times)www.bt.com.bn/.../keeping-womens-health-check
Ministry of Health