Preventing Diabetes • What is • Pre-diabetes?
Topics • What is diabetes and pre-diabetes? • What are the risk factors for diabetes? • How can you delay or prevent type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes • What is Diabetes? • Blood glucose (sugar) levels higher than normal • Not enough insulin to allow glucose to enter cells to be used for energy
Types of Diabetes • Type 1 diabetes • Usually diagnosed in children and young adults • Type 2 diabetes • Most common form • Most often diagnosed in adults • Gestational diabetes • Can appear during pregnancy • High risk for type 2 diabetes later in life
Pre-Diabetes • What is Pre-Diabetes? • Comes before type 2 diabetes • Blood glucose higher than normal, but not yet diabetes • You can have pre-diabetes and not know it
Diagnosing • How are diabetes and pre-diabetes diagnosed? • Diabetes • Fasting blood glucose of 126 mg/dl or higher • Pre-diabetes • Fasting blood glucose of 100 - 125 mg/dl
Preventing Diabetes • What is your fasting blood glucose? • When was your glucose last checked?
Get Checked • Get your blood glucose checked for pre-diabetes if you are • Age 45 or older and overweight • Age 45 or older and not overweight – ask your doctor if you need to be tested • Under age 45, but overweight and at increased risk for diabetes
Risk Factors • A parent, brother or sister has diabetes • You are African American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, Asian American or Pacific Islander • You had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds or had gestational diabetes • You have high blood pressure (over 140/90) • You have low HDL (good) cholesterol (40 or lower) • You have high triglycerides (150 or higher)
Pre-diabetes • If you have pre-diabetes, what does it mean? • You might get type 2 diabetes soon or sometime in the future • You are more likely to get heart disease or have a stroke
Preventing Diabetes • Diabetes is serious • You will be healthier if you delay or prevent diabetes • Diabetes is common • But you can reduce your risk by losing weight
Preventing Diabetes • Delay or prevent type 2 diabetes with • Regular physical activity, • such as walking almost • every day • Weight loss
Preventing Diabetes • The Diabetes Prevention Program study showed • 30 minutes a day of moderate physical activity along with a 5 to 10% weight loss produced a 58%reductionin diabetes
Losing 5 to 10% • How much do you weigh? • How much is 5 to 10%?
Strategies for Losing Weight • Cut back on calories and fat • Be active most days of the week • Eat breakfast daily • Keep records of: • What you eat and drink • Daily physical activity • Your weight
Strategies for Losing Weight • Implementing a weight-loss program • On your own or • Through an organized weight loss program (e.g., Weight Watchers) • A combination of meal planning and physical activity is most successful
Keeping a Record • Records helps keep you on target • Write down • Everything you eat and drink including serving sizes • Your physical activity – what kind and how long • Your weekly weight
Keeping a Record • Use • A small notebook or • ADA’s “My Game Plan: Food and Activity Tracker” or • Anything that works for you!
Review • You can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes with regular physical activity, such as walking almost every day, and weight loss.
Review • Learn all you can to help: • lose weight • be more active • eat healthy
Learn More • Other Preventing Diabetes Programs: • Cutting Calories and Fat • Being Active
More Help • A new powerful risk assessment tool • Enter your personal health information. • Receive a personalized “Results Overview” showing your current risk for diabetes, heart attack, and other health problems. • Change items in your profile (such as walking more or losing weight) to see how making these changes would impact your future.
Diabetes PHD • Online at diabetes.org/phd
For More Information • For more information • about preventing diabetes please call • 1-800-DIABETES or visit diabetes.org
For More Information • Contact your local ADA at • 1-888-DIABETES to learn about activities and volunteer opportunities in your community