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Locke - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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American Constitutional Republicanism. Smith. Hume. Locke. Government should protect private property and leave people alone to pursue their own happiness. Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In his book the Social Contract Rousseau argues that……………………. Property is bad.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

American Constitutional Republicanism

Smith

Hume

Locke

Government should protect private property and leave people alone to pursue their own happiness

slide2

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

In his book the Social Contract Rousseau argues that……………………..

Property is bad

slide3

Because of this humans enter into the social contract in order to cooperate and survive

Nature is a cruel and ruthless place

The best form of government is a small direct democracy with no private property

Humans have to “throw off chains of society” to find the will of the people

The creation of private property ruined everything and man had to create law

So government only protects those with property and it is unfair

slide5

Immanuel Kant

Philosophy of the Mind

The Moral Imperative

slide6

Friedrich Nietzsche

So we must replace him with……..

God is Dead

slide7

The State

Statism – the belief that the government should control both economic and social policy

slide8

Karl Marx

The Communist Manifesto

slide9

Class Struggle

Natural Communism

Slaveowners

slaves

Lords

serfs

Bourgeoisie

Proletariat

Natural Communism

slide10

Marx in a nutshell

The upper class has always oppressed the lower class and lives off of their labor

In capitalism the bourgeoisie oppresses because they make a profit off of the labor of the proletariat

Religion is the opiate of the masses, a way for the bourgeoisie to control the proletariat

One day the proletariat classes of the world will combine to overthrow the bourgeoisie and return the world to natural communism in which no state will be required because there will be no property

Heap of History

slide11

Fascism – a government that protects private property but controls the economy through laws and regulations

Socialism - a economic system in which the government owns the “means of production” (railroads, mines, factories) and manages the economy through central planning

Communism – economic system in which the government owns all private property and means of production and manages the economy through central planning

slide12

Charles Darwin

What really drives humans is the biological need to survive and reproduce

slide13

Social Darwinism

Herbert Spencer

Social Darwinsim – humans should compete for survival through a system of lassez-faire capitalism in which the strong become wealthy and the weak become poor and only the strong survive

Laissez-Faire Capitalism – capitalistic society that is free from government interventions like tariffs, regulations, central planning and high taxes

slide14

Sigmund Freud

Let’s Talk about Sex

slide16

Ego

Philosophy

One’s Self

Nature

Id

Superego

What would society say

The beast in the basement

slide17

Otto Von Bismarck

The “Iron Chancelor” unified Germany into one nation through warfare and then implemented the worlds first welfare system

slide18

Otto Von Bismarck

Bismarck was the first leader to introduce government funded old age pensions, accident insurance, unemployment insurance, health insurance and a mandatory 13 year school system that included a national curriculum and national testing

slide20

Lester F. Ward

Considered “the father of the American welfare state” Ward was responsible for bringing the idea of the German welfare state to American Academia. Germany will eventually become the center of Academia with the majority of American professors spending time studying in Germany

slide21

Bohemian Emigration

Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people, with few permanent ties, involving musical, artistic or literary pursuits. Bohemians are connected to anti-establishment view points, voluntary poverty, free love. Bohemians began emigrating to the United States in the 1840’s

slide24

How did it get here?

Academia and Education

Media

slide25

Muckracking

A muckracker is a liberally reformed oriented journalist that uses investigative journalism to help change social policy

slide26

Upton Sinclair and the Jungle

Sinclair, who was a devout Socialist, spent 4 weeks undercover in a meat packing factory to expose the conditions of the meatpacking industry

slide28

Progressivism

  • The political belief in the United States that the Constitution was outdated for a modern society and that United States should “progress” beyond it. Progressivism consists of the following tenets
  • Government funded welfare programs
  • government regulation of business
  • redistribution of wealth through tax system
  • laws that favor labor
  • Professionally trained social workers who could help with the issues of poverty
  • conservation of the environment
  • world government – there should be a world government body to settle disputes
  • democratic peace theory – idea that if all of the governments in the world were democracies there would no longer be wars
slide29

Turn of the Century Politics

RR

MR

Pro

North

CD

LD

C

C

POP

DC – white segregationists

CD – small business

MR – Corporations

RR – Freed Slaves

Pro – social and government reformers (media and academia)

LD – Immigrants/Labor Unions

POP – poor farmers

DC

South