Anthropology final project. By: Olivia Cass. Country Overview Indonesia and The Philippines. Indonesia: location, size, and boundaries. Indonesia is located to the south of China and the Philippines at 6.1750 ° S, 106.8283 ° E
Indonesia: location, size, and boundaries Indonesia is located to the south of China and the Philippines at 6.1750° S, 106.8283° E The nation consists of over 17,500 islands, over 6,000 of which are inhabited. Indonesia borders Malaysia and Papua New Guinea.
Philippines:location, size, and boundaries The Philippines is located south of Taiwan and east of Vietnam, between 16° 40’ and 126° 34’ E. longitude and 4° 40’ and 21° 10’. It consists of 7107 islands and covers a total area of 115,813 square miles. The Philippines does not share borders with any other country, but is very close to Malaysia and Taiwan.
Indonesia: Topography and rivers Most of Indonesia’s topography consists of consists of costal lowlands. However, on some of the larger islands, there are mountains and volcanos as high as 16,000 feet in elevation. The major rivers in Indonesia are the Kapuas, Mahakam, and Barito rivers.
Philippines: Topography and rivers The topography of the Philippines is mostly made up of volcanos. The majority of the crust of the Philippines is made up of volcanic matter. There are 37 volcanos in the Philippines. 4 of the major rivers in the Philippines are the Cagayan, Mindanao, Magat, and the Agusan.
Indonesia: Climate Indonesia has a tropical climate. The average temperature is 82° F near the coasts, 78° F in the inlands, and 73° F in higher elevations. The relative humidity is 70 to 90 percent.
Philippines: Climate The Philippines has a typical tropical climate and is hot and humid most of the year. The average temperature ranges from 78°-90° degrees Fahrenheit. The country has an average humidity of 77 percent.
Indonesia: Natural Resources Indonesia is rich in natural resources. A few examples are; rubber, coffee, tea, tin, nickel, copper, palm products & fish.
Philippines: Natural Resources The Philippines has many natural resources. A few are the ocean, nickel, iron, copper, rice, corn, pineapples, bananas and different types of flowers.
Indonesia: Land use The main land uses in Indonesia are logging, mining, and agriculture.
Philippines: Land use The land uses in the Philippines are quite similar to those of Indonesia, due to the similar topography and climate.
Indonesia: Environmental Factors Some environmental factors in Indonesia are the high population, and rapid industrialization and deforestation.
Philippines: Environmental Factors Some environmental factors in the Philippines are overfishing, deforestation, and pollution.
Indonesia: Type of Government The government in Indonesia is called independent republic. It is a republic that has its own laws, social systems, taxations etc.
Philippines: Type of Government The government in the Philippines is a presidential, representative, and democratic republic.
Indonesia: Electoral System In Indonesia the president is elected for a 5 year term. The voting age is 17, but people under 17 that are or have been married can vote too.
Philippines: Electoral System In the philippines the president, vice-president and senators are elected for 6 year terms, while all other government officials are elected for 3 year terms. The voting age is 18 years old.
Indonesia: Judicial and Legal System Law in indonesia is based on a cival law system intermixed with the Roman Dutch law. There are many problems with the legal system because some of the laws contradict each other and it is difficult to resolve these conflicts.
Philippines: Judicial and Legal System The Philippines has a legal system of Civil, Common, Islamic and Customary law.
Indonesia: Politics and Political Parties There are nine political parties in Indonesia. Democratic Party Party of the Functional Groups Indonesian Democratic party National Awakening Party United Development Party Prosperous Justice Party National Mandate Party People’s Conscience Party Great Indonesian Movement Party
Philippines: Politics and Political Parties There are over 100 political parties in the Philippines but the 6 most common are these. Lakas-Christian Muslim Party Liberal Party Nacionalista Party Nationalist People’s Collation National Unity Party United Nationalist Alliance
Indonesia: Foreign Relations Indonesia is a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Countries (ASEAN), along with 10 other countries. The secretary of ASEAN lives in Indonesia’s capital Jakarta.
Philippines: Foreign Relations The Philippines is also a member of ASEAN.
Indonesia: GDP, Budget and inflation Indonesia’s GDP is 878 billion USD. Indonesia’s budget is an average of 2.20% of the GDP The average inflation rate in Indonesia is 11.57%
Philippines: GDP, Budget and inflation The Philippines GDP is 250.3 billion USD. Inflation in the Philippines averaged at 8.91% from 1958 until 2014.
Indonesia: Agriculture The most important agricultural products of Indonesia are Palm oil, Rubber, Cocoa, Coffee, Tea, Cassava, Rice and Tropical spices.
Philippines: Agriculture In the Philippines, Agriculture employs 32% of the population. The most important agricultural products are coconuts, fruit, rice, and sugar.
Indonesia: Forestry and Fishing Indonesia is massively effected by deforestation. Indonesia is the world’s third-largest producer of greenhouse gases because of logging and clearing of forests for agricultural purposes. Indonesia also ranks third in the amount of fish caught per year, and forth in aquaculture output.
Philippines: Forestry and Fishing Deforestation is also a problem in the Philippines. Only 3.2% of the total rainforest is left. The Philippines ranks 12thin the top fish producing countries in the world. It produces 2.1% of the total world catch.
Indonesia: Mining and Minerals The most common metals mined in Indonesia are tin, nickel, copper, coal, silver, and gold.
Philippines: Mining and Minerals The most common metals mined in the Philippines are; Nickeliferous Laterite, Aluminous Laterite, gold, copper, and silver.
Indonesia: Industry and Manufacturing Manufacturing has been essential to the growth of Indonesia since 1970. The most commonly manufactured products in Indonesia are coal, oil, gold, automobiles, footwear, textile products, paper products, furniture, and electronics.
Philippines: Industry and Manufacturing 40% of the Philippines is employed by various agricultural companies. The fishing industry alone employs more than 1 million people in the Philippines. The unemployment rate in the Philippines is 7.5%.
Indonesia: Foreign Trade and Investment In 2013 Indonesia made over $9000 just from exporting to the US alone. Indonesia’s trade balance is approximately $673 million.
Philippines: Foreign Trade and Investment The Philippines average trade balance is -239814.55$
Society and Culture
Indonesia: Population and Demography In 2012. Indonesia had 246.9 million people
Philippines: Population and Demography In 2012, the Philippines had 96.71 million people.
Indonesia: Ethnic Groups The main ethnic groups of Indonesia are; Javanese, Sudanese, Madureseand Balinese. Javanese is the largest ethnic group consisting of roughly 1/3 of the population.
Philippines: Ethnic Groups The main ethnic groups in the Philippines are; Tagalog, Cebueno, Ilocano, Bisaya, Hiligaynon Ilonggo, Bikol, and Waray.
Indonesia: Languages Indonesian is the most common language in Indonesia. Many people are also fluent in a second language such as Javanese, Sudanese, or Madurese.
Philippines: Languages The official languages of the Philippines are Filipino and English. Spanish is also commonly spoken.
Indonesia: Religion 90% of the population in Indonesia claims to be Muslim. Indonesia is claimed to be the largest Muslim country in the world Other religions in Indonesia are Buddhism, Roman Catholicism, and Hinduism.
Philippines: Religion 80% of the Philippines is Roman Catholic. 5% is Muslim, 2.8% is evangelical, and 2.3% is IglesianiKristo.
Indonesia: Education and Literacy Education and literacy rate in Indonesia is on average about 92.58% as of 2009.
Philippines: Education and Literacy The education and literacy rate in the Philippines for adults over 15 years of age is approximately 94%
Indonesia: Health and Welfare Indonesia’s health care system offers free treatment or treatment for a nominal cost through different types of medical facilities.
Philippines: Health and Welfare In the Philippines health and welfare is the responsibility of the Department of Health, and the Department of Social Welfare and Development. The mortality rate has gone down significantly in the past few years, and the average life expectancy has gone up.
Compare and Contrast
Similarities Both countries are severely affected by deforestation. Both countries have large mining and fishing industries. Indonesia and the Philippines have highly similar tropical climates. Both are members of the Association of Southeastern countries (ASEAN)
Similarities (continued) Both Indonesia and the Philippines are prone to natural disasters. Both are popular destinations for tourists. Indonesia and the Philippines both have very large agricultural industries.
Differences The Philippines are significantly smaller than Indonesia, and therefore has a smaller population. Indonesia is predominantly Muslim, while the Philippines are predominantly Roman Catholic. Indonesia has a higher GDP.
Differences (Continued) English is very rarely spoken in Indonesia while it is one of the official languages in the Philippines. Indonesia brings in more profit from trade with other countries than the Philippines do.