When did the civil war occur? • The war started on April 12th 1861. • Ended April 2nd 1865.
Who was involved in Civil War? ~ Union State Main, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode island, Connecticut, new Hampshire, Vermont, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Minnesota, Virginia. ~ Confederate states North Carolina, south Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkensaw, Texas, Louisiana
Who were the leaders of either side? William T. Sherman (union) Jefferson Davis (confederate) ~ Born June 3rd , 1808 died December 6th, 1889 ~ November 6th , 1861 was elected to a six year term of president of the confederate. ~ November 1845 elected to house of representatives. ~ In 1853 begins to serve as U.S. secretary of war. ~ 1861-1865 serves as confederate president. ~ Born February 8th 11820 died February 14th 1891 ~ He Graduated 43 in his class ~ In 1853 he became manager of Lucas turner& company ~ In 1861 Commands his brigade in the battle of bull run. ~ 1868 becomes the commanding general of the united states.
What were the things they had to were. • Most of the men had uniform jackets to were. Even that wasn’t enough to keep them warm during the winter. • Most of the soldiers didn't even have shoes to fight in unless they stole them off the dead.
~ Fort Sumpter (April 12th , 1861) The confederate opened fire on the union and set fires to the forts. The union were low on ammunition so they had to hid on ground to escape the smoke. ~ Bull Run (July 21st ,1861) Also called the battle of Manassas. Irvin McDowell was the commander of the union who led 35,000 against 20,000 but ended up on full retreat to Washington.
~ Battle of Gettysburg (July 1st , 1863) fought between Lee’s army of northern virgina And union general Meade army of Potomac. ~ Battle of Fort Fisher (January 15th, 1865) The confederate lost its last access to the outside world.
~ Battle of Appomattox courthouse (April 9th , 1865) general Lee’s army was surrounded so he raised the whit flag.
What alliances were made? ~ France and Great Brittan made and alliance with the Confederate states.
What were the main weapons and vehicles used used? • Weapons: • Napoleon a cast iron cannon • Musket- has wide barrel and takes very long to load. • Riffle a very accurate gun that shoots very far.
Most cannons were made of cast iron with led balls that were shot out. • A lot of the had held weapons you had to stuff the led bullets in the front and a lot of the men got killed when loading guns.
Vehicles • Ships were important to both sides. • The confederate used ships to get supplies from foreign countries. • Horses and were also used to transport things on land.
How did the war end? • Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith commander of confederate forces west of Mississippi signed the surrender terms offered by general Robert Lee of the union.
What happened after the civil war? • After the civil war many things were destroyed from it. The government down south was entirely rebuilt; laws were even passed to blacks the same rights as whites, But they were still treated differently.
How the civil war effected America… • The civil war effected the future of the united states a whole lot. With out it we would still have slavery in some states not only that but it shows that almost all Americans have the trait to fight for their beliefs.
Work sited • Westwell, Ian. The civil war. New York, Ny: Brown bear books, 2009. Print. • Gillis , Jenifer B., ed. The confederate solider . first. Ney York, Ny: Compass point books, 2009. Print. • Hudak, Heather C., ed. African American history. 350 5th Avenue , Ny: Weigl Publisher inc., 2009. Print. • Koestler, Rachel A., ed. William T. Sherman. InfoBase publisher, 2009. Print.
"Oracle thinkquest." Libiary.Thinkquest.org. Oracle Education Fondation, 2002. Web. 29 Mar. 2011.