By Timia,Au$tin,Gagə, Jamez,Alexz,Jeremiah Chapter 9 ☺Lesson 3
☺ What you need!! ☺ 1:Pencil 2:Paper 3:Social Studies Book
The Greeks Clash with the Persians You have already read about the Persian Empire on page 132.At the time Athens was growing more powerful, Persia was the strongest military power in the world. In 490 B.C., Persia attacked the Greek mainland with a huge army. The two armies clashed at a plain northeast of Athens called marathon. According to legend, after the Athenian victory, the Athenian army sent a warrior named Pheidippides back to Athens with the news. He ran the entire distance 25 miles. Today, we remember this leg-end in the name of the longest Olympic race-the marathon.
The Greeks Clash with the Persians In 490 B.C.,a Greek army held off a much larger Persian army for three days at a mountain pass north of Athens. A small force that included 300 Spartans stood its ground until almost all its soldiers were killed.
☺ The Golden Age ☺ During the Golden Age, Greek philosophers extended human knowledge. Philosophers study truth and knowledge. Greek philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle searched for beauty and order in the world. They tried to find natural laws that explained actions in the world.
The Greeks Fight Against Each Other During its Golden Age, Athens became the most powerful Greek city-state. After the defeat of the Persians, the leaders of Athens began unwisely. They formed an alliance, an agreement to work together, called a Delian League. Athens forced some city-states to join the alliance. It used the Leagues funds to put up public buildings in Athens. Athenian generals begin interfering in the affairs of other city states. other Greeks became angry and resentful.
Decline of the Greek City-States By the end of the Peloponnesian War, Greece had fallen on hard times. Unemployment was high. When the brother of the king of Persia rebelled against his army as mercenaries, or hired soldiers.
Decline of the Greek City-States After so many years of war and plague, Athens was still able to regain its strength in trade. Two of Athens greatest philosophers-Plato and Aristotle - taught and wrote during the century following war . However, all of Greece was weakened by war. Even Sparta had lost so many of its soldiers in the war that it no longer had the military strength it had once had. In 371B.C., the Spartan army was defeated in a battle against the Greek city of Thebes.
Who was the strongest military power in 490 B.C.? A: Athens Army B: Greek Army C: Sparta Army D: Persia Army
What military power defeated the strongest military power in the world? A: Greek Army B: Athens Army C: Sparta Army D: Both A and B
How many days did the Greek army hold off the Persian army on the mountain passed North Athens? A: 3 days B: 2 days C: 6 days D: 5 days
What did the philosophers Plato and Aristotle do during the century fallowing the war? A: Draw B: Paint C: Teach and Write D: Play sports
Answer key 1:D:Persia Army 2:D: Athens And Sparta working together 3:A city-state is a state consisting of a sovereign city. 4:A: 3 Days 5:C: Teach And Write
Answer key 6:Yes,The Greeks were the first people to study and they studied because they wanted to find the cause of sickness.