AlcoholBehavioral Effects By: Kelsey Knapp and Kara Lenhart
History of Alcohol • Alcohol beverages have been traced back through history as far back as 4200 B.C. • In the 1400’s Ireland and Scotland developed the first Whiskey and the act of fermentation began to spread quickly across the world. • The first distillery in the United States came began in what is now the New York area in the 1600’s.
History continued • As time passed, Alcohol began to become restricted from many countries. From 1907-1919 34 states in the United States passed prohibition laws. • Finally, in January 1920 alcohol became completely outlawed in the United States. • After many outbreaks to turn over the Prohibition Law, alcohol was once again allowed in 1933 due to the 21st amendment
History VocabularyMatching • 1. Speakeasies • 2. Bootlegging • 3.Patent medicines Making, distributing and selling alcohol during the Prohibition Era. The ingredients in these uncontrolled medicines were secret often consisting large amounts of colored water, alcohol, cocaine, or opiates. Places where alcoholic beverages were illegally consumed and sold during the Prohibition Era from 1920-1933
Alcohol Abusevs. Alcoholism • Alcohol Abuse is uncontrollable drinking that leads to alcohol craving, loss of control, and physical dependence but with less prominent characteristics than found in alcoholism. • Alcoholism is a state of physical and psychological addiction to ethanol, a psychoactive drug. • However, although they differ, there are approximately 7.4% of the American population meet the criteria are classified as alcohol abusers or alcoholics.
Alcohol Abuse • Alcohol Abuse leads to diminished ability to fulfill obligations and goals. It becomes a reoccurring act of drinking at the wrong times eventually leading to alcoholism.
Alcoholism • Although, alcohol abuse is not that much better alcoholism comes with many more side effects and is considered a disease. • Alcoholics tend to have many issues, such as family problems, run ins with the law, money problems, and loss of friends. • Alcoholics number one priority tends to be alcohol. • In 1960 Jellinik’s came up with a way to differentiate different types of alcoholics.
Jellinek’s Categories of Alcoholics-Matching • 1. Alpha • 2. Beta • 3. Gamma • 4. Delta • 5. Epsilon • 6. Zeta Type of alcoholic characterized by a binge drinker. Drinker drinks excessively for a certain period, but then abstains completely from alcohol until next binge experience. Describes a moderate drinker who becomes abusive and violent. “Mad drunk” Mostly a social dependence on alcohol. Still meets social and economic obligations. Psychological dependence on alcohol to bolster the inability to cope with life. Most severe form of alcoholism, believed to be a true disease. Suffers from emotional and psychological impairment. Person loses control over drinking and cannot abstain for even a day or two. “Maintenance drinker”
Behavioral Effects of Alcohol Here’s an example!! • Impaired speech • Lack of coordination and body control • Causes one to think they are invincible and cause controversy they can’t handle • Impair sexual judgment • Embarrass oneself • Boost self confidence (when it shouldn’t be) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ne8hOaUyGSk
It doesn’t just affect you…. Family: • Children, usually are the most affected by the alcohol use of their family members. Whether it be parents, grandparents or siblings they are still affected by what they see. • Children who grow up around alcoholics are at a higher risk of developing problems with alcohol and other drugs when they grow up. • Typically, they have high anxiety, stress, coping problems, depression and their school work suffers.
It doesn’t just affect you…. Peers: • Peers are a major influence in when teenagers begin to drink. • Kids who start drinking young are seven times more likely to be in an alcohol-related crash. • Car crashes are the leading cause of death for teens, and about one-third of those are alcohol related.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome • Fetal alcohol syndrome occurs when a mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy. • Physical, behavioral and learning problems can be issues with the fetus. • Babies with FADS can have abnormal facial features, small head size, be shorter than average, have a low body weight, poor memory, be hyperactive, have a hard time paying attention, problems with heart, kidneys or bones. There are many more symptoms that can develop to a baby with FADS. • No amount of alcohol is safe while pregnant, and should be avoided when pregnant or when you may become pregnant.
Other Facts • An average drunk driver has driven drunk 80 times before their first arrest • About one-third of all drivers arrested or convicted of driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol are repeat offenders. • 1.41 million + were arrested in 2010 for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. • People 12 + males are much more likely to drive under the influence of alcohol in the past year. • In 2010, adults drank too much and got behind the wheel 112 million times, which is equivalent to 300,000 incidents each day. • Drunk driving cost the United States $132 billion a year. • Teen alcohol use kills about 6000 people each year, more than all illegal drugs combined.
Works Cited http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k10NSDUH/2k10Results.htm http://www.madd.org/statistics/ http://article.wn.com/view/2010/06/07/Police_foil_attempt_to_sell_554_bottles_of_alcohol/ http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/facts.html http://itsafilmmovies.blogspot.com/2012/03/teens-drugs-peer-pressure.html http://alcoholandabuse.com/alcohol-and-addiction http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh341/4-14.htm