Harmful Effects of Alcohol - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Harmful Effects of Alcohol

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  1. Harmful Effects of Alcohol

  2. Short-Term Effects of Drinking • Body size and gender • Food • Slows the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream • Amount and rate of intake • When alcohol is consumed faster than the liver can break it down, intoxication results • Alcohol poisoning can occur

  3. Alcohol and Drug Interactions • Alcohol and medications don’t mix • Illness, injury or death can occur • Multiplier effect: the medication has a greater or different effect than if it were taken alone • both prescription drugs and over-the-counter medicine

  4. Binge Drinking • Definition: drinking 5 or more alcoholic beverages at one sitting • Rapid binge drinking is especially dangerous • Can cause alcohol poisoning • Can be fatal

  5. Alcohol Poisoning • Definition: is a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose • It acts as a depressant and shuts down involuntary actions such as breathing and the gag reflex that prevents choking • Alcohol is a stomach irritant • If involuntary actions are shut down, people can choke on their own vomit and it can be fatal

  6. Alcohol Content = 17ml Wine 142ml 12% alcohol Whiskey 43ml 40% alcohol Beer 341ml 5% alcohol

  7. Effects of Alcohol Poisoning • Passing out is a common effect of drinking too much alcohol • If somebody passes out from drinking, call for help • The alcohol is still metabolizing while they are passed out, which makes it very dangerous • Symptoms: • Mental confusion, coma, vomiting, seizures • Slow respiration (breaths) • Irregular heartbeat • Hypothermia • Sever dehydration from vomiting

  8. Long-Term Effects of Drinking • In teens, can hinder growth and development • Will damage most body systems • Changes to the Brain • Addiction • Brain damage • Cardiovascular Changes • Damage to the heart • Inflamed heart

  9. Liver Problems • Fatty Liver: Fat builds up in the liver and cannot be broken down. The fat blocks blood going to the liver cells, leading to cell death • Digestive System Problems • Digestive ling is damaged; can lead to stomach ulcers and cancer of the stomach and esophagus • Pancreas Problems • The lining of the pancreas swells, and blocks the passage from the pancreas to the small intestine. Chemical destroy the pancreas, causing pain and vomiting, and can cause death

  10. Alcohol During Pregnancy • When a pregnant female drinks, so does her fetus • The fetus liver is not developed to handle alcohol • Risk of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) • Baby born with small head, and deformities of the face, hands, feet. • Heart, liver and kidney defects, as well as vision and hearing problems, are common • Slow growth and coordination • May have difficulties with learning, attention, memory and problem solving

  11. Alcoholism • Definition: a disease in which a person has a physical or psychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol • Alcoholic: an addict who is dependent on alcohol

  12. An Alcoholic Might Display these symptoms • Cravings • A strong need to drink. They cannot handle stress with alcohol • Loss of control • Cannot limit drinking • Physical Dependence • Withdrawal symptoms (sweating, shakes, anxiety) when not drinking • Tolerance • Needs to drink increasingly more each time • Health, family and legal problems

  13. There is a genetic link to alcoholism • Children with parents who are alcoholics are 4x more likely to become an alcoholic themselves • They aren’t predisposed • In Canada, there are an estimated 640, 000 alcoholics

  14. Impaired Driving • Drinking alcohol impairs vision, reaction time, and co-ordination • Can be disastrous or even deadly • Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) • The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as the weight of alcohol in a given volume of blood • 80mg/100ml of blood (about 2 drinks for an adult) • 50mg/100ml of blood (about 1 drink for an adult)

  15. Consequences of Drinking and Driving • Harm to the driver and others • Immediate suspension of a driver’s licence • Alcohol-related injuries, property damage and death • Loss of parental trust and respect • Heavy fine or jail time • A police record, possible lawsuits • Higher insurance. • http://www.gov.mb.ca/justice/impaired/

  16. Drinking and Driving Video • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plVNNWfXyQU • 14 minutes