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ANTI-PIRACY OPERATIONS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. THE HN EXPERIENCE ON COMBATING PIRACY PowerPoint Presentation
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ANTI-PIRACY OPERATIONS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. THE HN EXPERIENCE ON COMBATING PIRACY

ANTI-PIRACY OPERATIONS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. THE HN EXPERIENCE ON COMBATING PIRACY

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ANTI-PIRACY OPERATIONS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. THE HN EXPERIENCE ON COMBATING PIRACY

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  1. ANTI-PIRACY OPERATIONS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA. THE HN EXPERIENCE ON COMBATING PIRACY RSS, Venice 19-22 Oct 2010 Vice Admiral Dimitrios Elefsiniotis Chief of HNGS

  2. Outline • General Information – Background • Anti-Piracy Operations in the HoA • The Hellenic Navy’s Contribution • HN’s Experience • Strategic • Operational • Tactical • The Way Ahead • Epilogue

  3. International Endeavors to Combat Piracy • Anti-Piracy Operations in the HoA (Broader Area) • NATO: Allied Provider – Allied Protector – Ocean Shield • (OCT 08-DEC 08) (APR 09-JUL 09) (AUG 09-DEC 12) • TF 508 • European Union: Atalanta • TF 465 (Dec 08-DEC 12) • Combined Maritime Forces (CMF): COALITION FORCES / CTFs • (fully since JAN 09-TBD) • TF - 151 • Other National Forces: China – Russia – Japan – India Forces and Malaysia – Saudi Arabia – South Korea Units

  4. SHared Awareness DEconfliction (SHADE)

  5. 53 E 70 E 40 E 60 E 45 E 50 E 55 E 65 E 20 N 15 N 10 N 5 N 0 5 S 10 S AREA OF anti-piracy OPERATIONS POA 3 IRTC: Internationally Recommended transit Corridor ARABIAN SEA South Red Sea IRTC POA 2 Aden POA 1 13 N GOA BAM (Bam-Al-Mandeb) GOA: Gulf of Aden Boosasso POA 4 Somaliland Puntland SOMALI BASIN Mogadishu INDIAN OCEAN POA 5 POA 6 Seychelles Mombasa POA: Pirate Operating Area POA 7 Coordination by SHADE Forum Meetings 5 POA 8

  6. Proportion of Forces Assigned and Statistics PIRATED ATTACKS DISRUPTION Legend: EUNAVFOR: CTF 465 SNMG-2: CTF 508 CMF: CTF 151 for GOA & IRTC 2009 2010 for Somali Basin 2009 2010 6

  7. HELLENIC MERCHANT FLEET Top 5 Merchant Fleet Countries of the World by Owner GWT (for vessels above 1000gt) Source: Indicators issued from various sources such as ISL Bremen for World fleet and trading figures and Clarkson Research Studies for shipbuilding and scrapped vessels.

  8. The Hellenic Navy Contribution NATO / OCEAN SHIELD - 1 frigate + 1 Organic Helo (SNMG2 Unit) (from JUN 10 on a case by case basis) EU / ATALANTA - First Tactical Commander (CTG) on board HS PSARA (with 2-3 on board Staff Officers/FHQ) (JAN-APR 09) • 1 Frigate + 1 Organic Helo (Dec 08-UFN) • 2 Officers at the OHQ Northwood • 1 Officer (Support Area Staff/FSA Djibouti) • 1 Officer at the FHQ Afloat CMF (CTF 150, 151, 152) • 1 Officer (Op. Enduring Freedom / USCENTCOM) • 1 Officer (CTF 151 Bahrain HQ Staff / Planning Officer) • 1 Officer (CTF 151 on board Staff)

  9. Difficulties at Strategic Level • Root Causes of Piracy Unaddressed • Scarce Operational Resources and increased needs • Logistics at all levels • Major Legal Concerns

  10. Difficulties at Operational Level • Pirate Action Groups (PAGs) increase and expand • Attitude of the Shipping Industry • Info Operations

  11. Difficulties at the Tactical Level • Well Organized and PowerfulEnemy • Military Structure • Intelligence Gathering Infrastructure • Logistics Support • Tactics • Timing • Weather • Area

  12. The Way Ahead • Cooperation with the Shipping Industry • Improvement of Coordination Through SHADE • Evolution of Piracy (more equipped, aggressive, organized, interconnected etc) • Need for a sufficient legal framework • Face the root causes -> Regional Capacity Building

  13. Regional Capacity Building / NMIOTC Delivering Training Tailored to the Needs of our African Colleagues

  14. Epilogue

  15. International Day of Naval History Naval Battle of Elli, Dec 1912 Naval Battle of Lepanto, Oct 1571 Naval Battle of Midway, Jun 1942 Naval Battle of Trafalgar, Oct 1805 Naval Battle of Jutland, May 1916

  16. The Battle of Salamis (480 BC) • Gave substance to the importance of Sea Power • Became a turning point in world history