Women’s change of role in the 1920’s By Hazel Chan, Tiffany Choi, Lucinda Mok and Sharon Wong
How did WW1 change women’s role in society? • When war started, women started to work outside their homes. (as shipment collectors, accountants, telephone operators…etc.) • Women who worked outside their homes found greater employment opportunities and many were able to move from domestic service to industry jobs.
What was the 19th Amendment? How did women help achieve it’s ratification? • Women were given the right to vote (political participation) • They demanded better wages from their employers • The women’s suffrage movement gained the most votes.
Why did many women lose interest in politics during the 1920s? Women lost interest because… • During the 1920’s cultural innovation, women of different races tended to believe unified female political participation was impossible. That dragged down the faith and hope of women who wanted to believe that. • Compared to new fashion trends and movies , politics seemed uninteresting • Women were also swayed by social pressure and consumer advertizing of new products and sexier images. • The result: many women’s interest changed from politics to social life.
How did 1920s social changes affect women? • Women began to challenge traditional ideas of women’s role in society (e.g. unmarried women had their own money to spend) • sexual mores were changing, psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud promoted uninhibited sexual expression as a means for curing a multitude of ills. • women’s fashion became an outlet for personal expression and the focus on body image became more important. • Smoking was promoted as a way to help women stay thin.
What were the fashion trends that young women followed in the 1920’s? • Skirts became shorter (usually 1 inch above the knees) Rebellious women who wore short skirts were nicknamed flappers. • Flappers also wore makeup • The clothes they wore revealed more bare skin • Women cut their hair short, wearing “shingle bobs” and other hairstyles.
Who were the flappers and what kind of reputation did they carry? They were… • young, upper middle class, white women, who were rebellious, wore short skirts, smoked and danced wildly. They displayed signs of independence, sexuality and energetic youth.
How did women’s sexual ideas and practices change during the decade? • It became more common to date, and even ask men out on dates • They had sex outside of marriage • They became more open minded toward mature movie scenes, and wanted to experience sex. • They also started to tell more off-colour jokes. • Women started to smoke, and the number of female smokers doubled throughout the decade.
Citations/Sources • "hairstyles." ebay. 23/01/2010. ebay Inc., Web. 29 Jan 2010. http://reviews.ebay.co.uk/30-apos-s-40-apos-s-50-apos-s-HAIRSTYLING-GUIDE_W0QQugidZ10000000002156732. • "Picnik." picnik. 23/01/2010. Picnik Inc., Web. 29 Jan 2010. http://www.picnik.com/app#/home/welcome. • "Fashion Era." fashion 1920s. 23/01/2010. google, Web. 29 Jan 2010. http://www.fashion-era.com/flapper_fashion_1920s.htm • Fotoflexer." fotoflexer. 23/01/2010. Arbor Labs Inc., Web. 29 Jan 2010. http://fotoflexer.com/ • Bower, Bert, and Jim Lobdell. History Alive! The United States. United States of America: Teachers' Curriculum, 2002. Print. • "google." 24/10/2010. Google, Web. 29 Jan 2010. www.google.com
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