political culture and ideology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Political Culture and Ideology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Political Culture and Ideology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Political Culture and Ideology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 164 Views
  • Uploaded on

Political Culture and Ideology. Applying the Principles of the Declaration of Independence. Major Themes of the Declaration of Independence. Self evident truths. We hold these truths to be self-evident. Human equality. All men are created equal.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Political Culture and Ideology' - donald


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
political culture and ideology

Political Culture and Ideology

Applying the Principles of the Declaration of Independence

major themes of the declaration of independence
Major Themes of the Declaration of Independence

Self evident truths

We hold these truths to be self-evident

Human equality

All men are created equal

They are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights

  • Among these rights:
    • Life
    • Liberty
    • Pursuit of happiness

Natural rights

Purpose of gov’t

To secure rights

Measure of Justice

Consent of the governed

Whenever any form of gov’t is destructive of the security of natural rights

Right of revolution

  • Prudence:
    • Long-established gov’ts shouldn’t be overthrown for “light and transient causes”
  • Experience:
    • Men are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable than to right themselves

Limits to the

right of revolution

political culture
Political Culture
  • A general set of Ideas, attitudes and beliefs
  • Shapes a region’s politics
  • Political Cultures in the US may identify with certain principles in the Declaration of Independence
  • Political culture sometimes confused with ideology
  • Most communities in the US participate in at least one of the following:
    • Traditionalism
    • Individualism
    • Moralism
traditionalism
Traditionalism

Basic features

Associated region

Advantages

Disadvantages

Stability

Predictability

Laws and customs tend to remain constant

  • Strong attachment to long-established institutions
  • Preference for traditional ‘modes and orders’
  • Suspicion of change
  • Family legacies

The “Old South”:

South Carolina

North Carolina

Virginia

Tennessee

Georgia

Mississippi

Alabama

Louisiana

Texas

Inflexibility

Lack of social mobility

Tolerance of corruption in the public sector

Hostility to reform

Fatalism

Examples:

“If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.”

“You can’t fight city hall.”

Uncontested elections

Political Dynasties (Bush, Thurmond, Moncrieff, Kennedy)

individualism
Individualism

Basic features

Associated region

Advantages

Disadvantages

Opportunity

Privacy

Recognition of individual efforts

Accountability

  • Strong belief in self-reliance
  • Preference for individual and independent action; free enterprise
  • Suspicion of public institutions
  • Resistance to regulation
  • “The Self-Made Man”

The “Old West”:

Wyoming

Texas

Colorado

New Mexico

Arizona

Nevada

Montana

North Dakota

South Dakota

Isolation

Lack of community support

Intolerance of public sector involvement

Tolerance of corruption in the private sector, provided one isn’t caught

Examples:

“You’ll get my gun when you pry it from my cold dead hands.”

“You’ve got nobody to blame but yourself.”

Entrepreneurs, independent contractors

“Caveat emptor”

moralism
Moralism

Basic features

Associated region

Advantages

Disadvantages

Community

Accountability

Active social support structures

“safety nets”

  • Strong belief in community, “commonwealth”
  • Preference for formal community action
  • Suspicion of private institutions and interests
  • Strong regulatory presence

“New England”:

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

Connecticut

Maine

New York

Pennsylvania

Also prevalent in the Pacific NW and in capital cities

  • Intrusiveness
  • Tolerance of corruption in the public sector if it serves the “moral duty” of serving the commonwealth
  • Inaction unless initiated by community officials
  • High public debt; high taxes

Examples:

“Did you bring enough for everybody?”

“We’re from the government and we’re here to help you.”

Social Security, social welfare programs

Public education programs

political culture v ideology
Political Culture v. Ideology
  • Political Culture
    • A set of general attitudes, ideas and beliefs
    • Broadly informs and shapes a region’s politics
  • Ideology
    • A set of specific attitudes, ideas and beliefs
    • Provides or advocates a coherent plan for social, political, or economic action
examples of ideologies
Examples of ideologies
  • Economic ideologies
    • capitalism
    • communism
    • globalism
    • protectionism
    • Keynesianism
    • monetarism
    • Market fundamentalism
  • Political ideologies
    • Libertarianism
    • Liberalism
    • Conservatism
    • Anarchism
    • Socialism
    • Fascism
    • Communism
    • Communitarianism
    • Statism
  • Social ideologies
    • Tribalism
    • Ethnocentrism
    • Nationalism
    • Feminism
    • Multiculturalism
    • Supremacism
what ideology is
What ideology Is
  • A set of specific ideas, attitudes and beliefs
  • Provides or advocates a coherent plan for social, political, or economic action
  • Plan is consistent with, and is explained in terms of, the ideas, attitudes and beliefs held
what ideology is not
What ideology is not:
  • Ideology is not political culture
    • Traditionalists are not necessarily conservatives
    • Liberals are not necessarily moralists
  • Ideology is not partisanship
    • Democrats are not necessarily liberal
    • Republicans are not necessarily conservative
  • Ideology is not a policy position
    • E.g. Abortion
      • advocates are not necessarily libertarian or liberal
      • opponents are not necessarily conservative or libertarian
    • E.g. Immigration
      • “Open border” advocates are not necessarily libertarian globalists
      • “Closed border” advocates are not necessarily conservative ethnocentrists
comparative ideology 1 left and right wings
Comparative Ideology 1: Left and Right Wings

Motto of the French Revolution:

Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité (liberty, equality, brotherhood)

Origins in the

French National Assembly

Advocates of

Liberté and Fraternité, sympathetic to the ancien régime, sat on the right side of the room

Revolutionary Advocates of Liberté and Egalité, opposing the ancien régime (the Old Order) sat on the left side of the room

This distinction grafted onto the American Congress in the early 19th Century

left and right the political spectrum
Left and Right: The Political Spectrum

The most common comparative model of ideological preference in the US

Left Wing

Right Wing

Communism

Socialism

Liberalism

Centrism

Conservatism

Statism

Fascism