1 / 28

Political culture and ideology

Chapter 4 AP US Government and Politics Mrs. Papish. Political culture and ideology. Shared Values. Classic Liberalism-stresses the importance of the individual, freedom, equality, private property, limited government and popular consent. American Political Culture. Liberty

Download Presentation

Political culture and ideology

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 4 AP US Government and Politics Mrs. Papish Political culture and ideology

  2. Shared Values • Classic Liberalism-stresses the importance of the individual, freedom, equality, private property, limited government and popular consent

  3. American Political Culture • Liberty • Equality • Individualism • Power to the people • Democratic consensus • Justice and the rule of law • Nationalism, optimism, and idealism

  4. Liberty • Most revered value

  5. Equality • Social Equality-no titles, no nobility “We hold these truths to be self-evident that…” • Political Equality-right to equal protection under the law, equal voting power-GOAL not reality • Equal Opportunity-background should not limit one in regards to improving econ status

  6. Individualism • Citizens have rights and responsibilities • Concern for preserving individual freedom of choice

  7. Democracy Democratic Consensus-as to government and the Constitution • Majority Rule-minority rights • Two-party system and regular elections • Popular sovereignty-power to govern Where do Americans differ…over what certain constitutional provisions require or over the precise meaning of the framers’ original intent

  8. Justice by the Rule of Law • Government based on a body of law applied equally and by just procedures

  9. Nationalism • Optimism and idealism—our nation is better, stronger and more virtuous than others

  10. Political and Economic Change • Industrial transformation from agrarian to industrial • Consequence? Inequality in dist. of wealth- Robber barons • Led to different opinions in politics • Monopolies led to unsafe work conditions and anti-trust leg. • Americans believed gov should “promote the general welfare” by regulating business

  11. Great Depression and New Deal ~Turned to gov to improve conditions for jobless and homeless ~Today, most support semi-regulated or mixed free enterprise system ~Second Bill of Rights called for economic security and independence ~Civil and voting rights legislation & war on poverty defined ideological and political fights of last century

  12. The American Dream • A complex set of ideas about the economy and its relation to individuals; it speaks to our most deeply held hopes and goals. • The U.S. is the “Land of Opportunity” • Endorsement of capitalism • Recurring issues-tax fairness • Conflict between those who value competitive economy and egalitarian society

  13. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “Second Bill of Rights” • The right to a useful and remunerative job • The right to affordable food, clothing, and recreation • The right of every farmer to earn a livable income • The right of every business[person] to trade in a monopoly free environment

  14. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “Second Bill of Right” – con’t. • The right of every family to a decent home • The right to affordable and adequate medical care • The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment • The right to a good education

  15. Political Ideologies • Liberalism • Socialism • Conservatism • Environmentalism • Libertarianism

  16. Liberalism • Classic liberalism of 19th Century-min. gov. involvement • Modern Liberalism- • ~Support for government sponsored social programs • ~Support for government intervention in economy • ~Opposition to government interference with personal morals or activities • ~Opposition to expansion of the military

  17. New Types of Liberalism • ~New Deal Liberals • ~Social Liberals-Peace Liberals • ~Neoliberals-lost faith in welfare programs

  18. Conservatism ~Opposition to government intervention in the economy…Pro-business ~Opposition to government sponsored social programs ~Favors dispersing power broadly to avoid concentration of power at the national level ~Support for a strong military ~Belief in a free-enterprise system with property rights

  19. Conservatism ~Support use of military force as a means to an ends ~Support balanced budget ~Support limited taxation

  20. New Right • 1980’s strong desire to impose social controls • Christian coalition of 90”s • Neo Cons-Left the Democratic party over busing, Vietnam issues, support intervention in Iraq both times and still do in our involvement in Afghanistan

  21. Socialism • DIVISIONS • Democratic Socialism-Great Britain, Germany, France, Scandinavian nations ~Support democratic system ~Gov reg and ownership of major industries ~Support for production and distribution of goods and services ~Support for gov planning to protect citizens’ welfare

  22. Socialism, contin… • Totalitarian socialism-same as communism such a People’s Republic of China • Beliefs • Support for revolution against existing systems • Gov regulation and ownership of industry • Support for gov planning to protect citizens’ welfare and interests

  23. Libertarianism • Ideology that cherishes individual liberty and sharply limited gov • Preaches opposition to gov and just about all programs • Opposes all government regulation

  24. Environmentalism • “Green movement” –taken hold in parts of Europe. • U.S. Green party stresses social justice, diversity, gentler farming techniques, energy efficiency, integrity of nature • 2000-Ralph Nader won 3% of popular vote in the Presidential election

  25. Criticisms of Liberals • Too much reliance on governmental solutions • Forgets government has to be limited • Big government tends to dictate • Too many controls and too much taxation

  26. Criticisms of Conservatives • Gov seen as counter productive and inconsistent • Critics argue conservatives have selective opposition to big government • Gov spending grew during all Rep administrations since the 80’s • Insensitive to social needs • Too much faith in the market • Failure to acknowledge and endorse policies dealing with racism and sexism

  27. Where do attitudes about the role of government come from? • Family • Schools • Media • Workplace • Religious or political activities

  28. Americans and Political Ideology • More Conservatives than liberals • Fewer extreme liberals or conservatives, most in the middle • Ideological Views • Provides a lens through which to view politics • Americans don’t always fit either ideology • Attitudes toward issues are inconsistant • Most Americans distrust big business more than big government

More Related