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THE ROLE OF GENDER IN THE SPREAD OF HIV- AIDS IN PAKISTAN. Dr. Saman Yazdani Khan. PAKISTANI WOMEN. PAKISTAN HDI Ranking 138. Life expectancy at birth (years), 2000  - 60.0   Adult literacy rate (% age 15 and above), 2000  - 43.2  

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

THE

ROLE OF GENDER

IN THE SPREAD

OF

HIV- AIDS

IN

PAKISTAN

Dr. Saman Yazdani Khan

slide3

PAKISTAN HDI Ranking 138

Life expectancy at birth (years), 2000  - 60.0  

Adult literacy rate (% age 15 and above), 2000  - 43.2  

Total population (millions), 2000 - 141.3  

GDP per capita (PPP$), 2000 - 1,928  

Life expectancy index, 2000 - 0.58  

Education index, 2000 - 0.42  

Contraceptive prevalence (%), 1995-2000 - 24  

Births attended by skilled health staff (%), 1995-2000 - 20  

Human development index (HDI) value, 2000 - 0.499  

slide4

PAKISTANHAS GENDER

AS ONE OF THE ORGANIZING

PRINCIPLES OF SOCIETY

MAJORITY OF THE WOMEN REMAIN AT A DISADVANTAGE IN EVERY SPHERE OF LIFE

slide5

THE LOWER STATUS OF THE AVERAGE PAKSITANI WOMAN

RENDERS HER MORE VULNERABLE THAN MEN

IN CONTRACTING HIV AIDS

slide6

DATA COLLECTION

Lahore and Peshawar

methodology
METHODOLOGY

STAKEHOLDERS

7

target groups
TARGET GROUPS

Street youth Commercial sex workers Rural and urban women Refugees (male/female)Prisoners (male/female) Migrants (male/female)

People living with HIV/AIDS (male/female), and drug addicts

commercial sex workers
COMMERCIAL SEX WORKERS

They had very little negotiating power

with their clients with respect to

the use of any protective measures

against HIV/AIDS

urban women
URBAN WOMEN
  • Included Low income, sanitary workers and minstrels (mirasis)
  • Too many children
  • Information sharing – limited
  • Correct and timely health education
  • Darul aman women – Men’s attitude
rural women
RURAL WOMEN

REFUGEE WOMEN

WOMEN PRISONERS

MIGRANTS

PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS - (PLWHA)

slide14
CSWs

Madam

Pimp

Patron of the work place

The Police

Her dependents

THESE ACTORS AFFECT CSWs LIFE

CONDOM USE

urban and rural women
URBAN AND RURAL WOMEN

IF A MAN GOES AFTER A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN, SO WHAT

THIS IS HIS RIGHT

slide16

WHERE DO OUR MEN GO,

WE DO NOT KNOW

slide17

WE CANNOT KEEP AN EYE ON OUE MEN

MEN ARE LIKE THE SNAKE IN THE GRASS

powerlessness
Powerlessness

Inhibitions to talk freely about sex with their husbands

They knew about the sexual activities of their husbands outside home

??? Rural women

Low self-esteem

few of the women had heard about aids and that mostly from electronic media
Few of the women had heard about AIDS and that mostly from electronic media

Lacked decision-making power

If they had ever used a condom, it was only for family planning purpose

refugees
REFUGEES

Non-permissive sexual relations death

Men did indulge in such activities but women

were helpless to restrain them made their wives vulnerable to STIs/HIV