The political economy of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. What is HIV-AIDS?. http :// www . who . int / topics / hiv_aids / en /. HIV prevalence. http :// www . unaids . org / globalreport / HIV_prevalence_map . htm. Study Table 1. Social determinants. Decades long political conflicts
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The nature of the garment industry means that employees can easily be fired (kicked out of factories). Without jobs women become vulnerable and might end up in brothels.
As Cambodia is a very poor country, the Cambodian government does not crack down on sex tourism, because sex tourism means money. Thus, as the government does not limit the demand, vulnerable women and children keep filling (are forced to) the supply side.
Thailand does not have a better track record. Look at what is going on in Bangkok, Pattaya, Phuket and Koh Samui.
“This study argues that trade liberalization, as one of the social determinants of the epidemic, helps create the necessary context and conditions for the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia”