The Skeleton Functions Bones
Functions of the Skeleton • The Skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints.
The skeletal system The skeleton does 3 jobs: • It gives the body SHAPE • It allows the body to MOVE • It PROTECTS the major organs • Bone marrow produces red and white blood cells
Naming the bones… cranium mandible clavicle scapula scapula sternum sternum humerus vertebrae vertebrae radius pelvis ulna ulna phalanges carpals metacarpals femur patella patella tibia fibula tarsals phalanges metatarsals
Match these bones to the diagram: Metacarpals Sacrum Patella Metatarsals Humerus Radius Pelvis Sternum Tibia Tarsals Clavicle Femur Fibula Carpals Phalanges Ulna Vertebrae Scapula Cranium Mandible Bones you need to know:
Types of Bones and Sport • Long bones; long to create leverage when playing sport. • Long bones help to generate speed, force and power. • Can you give examples of a sport where long bones would benefit the sports performer?
Short Bones • Short bones; fine movement eg: putting spin on a ball in cricket, these bones help make small adjustments and are very important. • Name 2 other sports where fine movements are critical for the success of a particular sport.
Question • When are long bones an advantage in basketball? • When are short bones an advantage in basketball?