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Unit 1: Energy Producing Territory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 1: Energy Producing Territory
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  1. Unit 1: Energy Producing Territory • Non-renewable resources • Limited amounts found in nature • Oil, natural gas, coal, uranium (nuclear power) • Renewable resources • Does not run out, if they are managed properly • Biomass, tidal and hydro (Run of river and storage plants) • Inexhaustible resources • Always available • Solar, wind and geothermy

  2. Terms to know • Greenhouse effect • Warm the layer of air surrounding the earth. Increase CO2, methane, nitrous oxide and CFCs in the atmosphere • OPEC • Control oil reserves around the world • Kyoto • Organization to reduce greenhouse effect

  3. Alberta • Tar sands • Tar + sand+ water + clay = crude oil • Extract oil with: • Open pit mine • Derrick

  4. Persian Gulf • Major oil producer in the world

  5. Cote-Nord and Jamesie • Hydroelectricity • Robert Bourassa

  6. Unit 2: Agricultural Territory • Flooding • Heavy precipitation for a limited period of time (storm) • Monsoon • Rapid melting of snow • Ice jam • Drought • Dry weather, high temperature, low precipitation • Famine • Desertification • Insect Infestation • Phenomenal number of insects that devour an area of crops

  7. Techniques to combat hazards • Improve yields • Resistant grains • agroforestry

  8. Terms to know • Salinization • Fallow land • Irrigation • Desertification

  9. Canadian Prairies • Grain and livestock • Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta • Short hot summer • Long cold winter • Low precipitation • Crop rotation to help reduce erosion • Land susceptible to erosion after cultivation

  10. Unit 3: The Industrial Territory • Primary Sector • Natural resource development (raw materials) • Agriculture, mining, fishing, etc. • Secondary Sector • Converting raw materials into products • Automobile industry, textile industry, agri-food industry, etc. • Tertiary Sector • Services • Commerce, transport, education, health, communication, etc.

  11. Terms to know • Revenues from sales – Production costs = Profits • Industrialization • High Technology

  12. Location • Best near raw materials, modes of transportation, markets and areas of large labour force. • Cheaper to have other countries make various parts of a product (ex: Car) • Businesses shut down in industrial countries to set up in developing countries (cheaper)

  13. Canadian Great Lakes • Car, iron and steel production • Canal system • Acid rain • Mercury pollution

  14. Saguenay – Lac Saint-Jean • Sawmill • Aluminum • Paper production

  15. Unit 4: The Forest Territory • Deciduous forest • Maple, birch, etc. • Coniferous forest • Spruce, fir, pine, etc. • Tropical rainforest • Cacao tree, calabash tree, lianas, etc. • Primeval forest • Virgin or untouched forest • Exploited forest • Altered by human beings

  16. Sylviculture • Cutting with protection of regeneration and soils • Seed cutting • Shelterwood cutting (only older trees cut down) • Selection cutting • Block cutting • Reforestation

  17. Terms to know • Deforestation • Reforestation • Sylviculture • FSC (ecolabelling)

  18. Uses • Recreational tourism (ecotourism) • Hunting, fishing, art, national parks, observation, traditional activities of the Native people, etc. • Economic resources • Logging and forestry • Fuel • Heating houses, cooking, etc.

  19. Hazards • Poor forest practices • Legal and illegal exploitation • Urbanization • Insects • Acid rain

  20. Amazonia • Tropical Rainforest • Livestock • Forests cut down to make room for more livestock • Precious wood taken illegally

  21. British Columbia • Temperate rainforest • Boreal forest • Mountain forest • Reforestation

  22. Abitibi-Temescamingue • Boreal • Mixed Forest

  23. Unit 5: Native Territory • First arrived by the frozen Bering Strait and hunted woolly mammoths and bison • Quebec has 2 Native peoples • Inuit • Amerindians • Algonquin • Iroquois

  24. Native Cultural Zones • Arctic • kayak • Subarctic • Snowshoes, birch bark canoe • Northeast • Longhouses, dried out food to preserve it • Great Plains • Teepees, fur clothing • Plateau • Northwest Coast • Totem poles

  25. Terms to know • Band • Reserve • Claim for rights • Amautik (big hooded coat) • Treaty • Katajjak (throat singing)

  26. Native Art • Carving • Painting • Sweet grass baskets • Totem poles • Bead work • Clothing

  27. Beliefs – Mother Earth and the Creator • Social life – pow wow, sundance, traditional celebrations, sweat lodge • Quality of life – lower life expectancy, high suicide rate, health issues, depression • Rights – no tax on reservation, ancestral rights

  28. Naskapi • In Quebec near Newfoundland and Labrador • No roads, use plane and train for transportation • Nomadic ways to sedentary

  29. Cree • Nomadic to Sedentary • Recreational tourism (ecotourism) • Outfitters

  30. Nunavut • Language is Inuktitut • Inukshuk • To show direction • Scare off spirits • Hunting • Presence of people, etc.