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Lecture 9b The Renaissance of local economic regeneration in the UK – Main themes and activities. Aims Examine local economic regeneration & look at generic initiatives and programmes Examine competitive bidding and the role of physical regeneration

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lecture 9b the renaissance of local economic regeneration in the uk main themes and activities
Lecture 9b The Renaissance of local economic regeneration in the UK – Main themes and activities

Aims

  • Examine local economic regeneration & look at generic initiatives and programmes
  • Examine competitive bidding and the role of physical regeneration
  • Examine the issues of employment education and training and how these impact on regeneration

Outcomes

  • Have a good idea of the scope of local economic development
  • Be conversant with the principles of competitive bidding
  • Be aware of how local regeneration impacts on real economic issues

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

slide2

Economic Analysis

Structure, employment, income, output, linkages

Social Analysis

Stress, deprivation, skills, facilities, minorities

Environmental Analysis

Physical quality, resources, waste, congestion, design

Inputs

Internal drivers of change

Existing strategies, availability of resources, preference of residents, leaders & champions

External drivers of change

Macro trends, European policy, competitor cities

Application to the urban area

City wide analysis, neighbourhood characteristics, existing plans, specific goals, future requirements

Outputs

Physical improvements

City centre, estates, housing, design & quality heritage

Neighbourhood strategies

Community action, inner area renewal, social facilities

Training & Education

Skills enhancement, community training, enhanced R&D

Economic Development

Support new & existing firms, improved infrastructure, innovation, diversification

Environmental action

Waste management, energy efficiency, urban greening, company based action

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

urban regeneration a handbook 2001
Retention of spending demand-side

Manufacturing

Services

Exports

Improving efficiency supply-side

Infrastructure

Innovation

Entrepreneurship

Education and training

Why urban areas have declined

Structuralist

Counter-urbanisation

Marxist

Sectoral or planning

External ownership

Product cycle

Urban Regeneration: A Handbook (2001)

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

phases of urban policy
Phases of Urban Policy

Mid 60s to 1977

  • Culture of poverty thesis

1977- early 80s

  • Land and Premises

Early 80s – 1988

  • Private sector “Flagships”

Post 1988

  • Variable problems, local ownership

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

generic initiatives programmes
Generic Initiatives/Programmes
  • Grant support
    • Land grant – Urban development grants – Urban regeneration grants
  • Relaxation of Regulation
    • Enterprise zones
  • Urban Development Agencies
    • UDC – English partnerships
  • Integrated approaches
    • CATs, Task Forces

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

competitive bidding and funding
Competitive Bidding and Funding

Picking winners

  • City Challenge
  • Single Regeneration Budget

Future

  • Broad range of partners
  • Needs of locals
  • Effect sectoral changes
  • Demonstrate innovation
  • Tangible benefits
  • Replicate

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

physical regeneration
Physical regeneration

Role of Physical Regeneration

  • Removing constraints
  • Leading the change
  • Building on opportunities
  • Supply-side investments
  • Integrated renewal
  • Avoiding conflict

Sustainable development

  • Economic
  • Technical
  • Political

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

social and community issues
Social and Community Issues

Characteristics of communities

    • Personal attributes
    • Beliefs
    • Economic position
    • Skills
    • Relationship to local services
    • Place
    • Togetherness

Features

  • Needs and provision, Special needs, Vision that is shared
  • Representation, Empowerment
  • To make a partnership work
    • Co-ordination
    • Effective management structures
    • Link into different programmes

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

capacity building
Ingredients

Skills

Acquiring knowledge

The availability of resources

Ability to influence

Operation

Programme Bending

Community Linking

Mainstream

Localist

Capacity Building

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

employment education and training
Employment, Education and Training

Causes of urban employment problems

  • Congestion
  • High land values
  • Under investment
  • High security costs
  • Few skilled people

Unemployment harder to crack

  • Unemployable
  • Impersonal nature
  • Disadvantaged groups concentrated
  • Language problems

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

labour market policy
Demand-side

Attracting inward investment

Creating micro business

Temporary jobs public funding

Expand public sector

Reduce Labour costs

Supply-side

Information

Basic education

Develop vocational skills

Enhance motivation

Increase incentives

Labour Market Policy

Avoiding DDS

  • export;
  • support long-term growth;
  • meet skill demand

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

education training future
Business contribution

Management

Examples and equipment

Work experience

Mentoring

Key actors

Local authorities

LSC

ES

Business Link

Voluntary sector

Future

Occupational change

Flexible

Social back-up

Small high-tech

Strengths

Education

Health

Culture, sport and heritage

Education, training & future

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Urban areas have faced economic decline for the last 50 years, structuralist, counter-urbanisation etc.
  • Current phase of policy began in 1988
  • Range of strategies employed
  • Significant role for physical regeneration
  • Social and community issues increasingly important focus on capacity building.
  • Severe under and unemployment - actions needed on the demand and supply sides of the labour market
  • Business have key contribution in education and training in partnership with others
  • More challenges to come

Regional and Local Economics (RALE)

Lecture slides – Lecture 9b