Public Speaking. One------------------Many. Public Speaking Loneliness Serious illness Financial ruins Deep water Dog Snakes death. How to get over the fear???. Be prepared…well prepared Psych yourself Energize your speech Concentrate on your content Analyze the audience/environment
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Public Speaking One------------------Many
Public Speaking • Loneliness • Serious illness • Financial ruins • Deep water • Dog • Snakes • death
How to get over the fear??? • Be prepared…well prepared • Psych yourself • Energize your speech • Concentrate on your content • Analyze the audience/environment • Eye contact • Memorize opening and closing lines • Time the speech • Non-Verbal cues • Pauses • Think of it as a dialogue • Ask friends to be your practice audience
Topic Selection • Interesting for you and audience • Demonstrate knowledge and enthusiasm • Appropriateness of topic • Specific Purpose/thesis
Organization Introduction • To gain audience attention • To orient the audience -------------Anecdotal Story --------------Rhetorical Question --------------Quotation --------------Humor
Body of the Speech Organizational Patterns • Chronological pattern • Spatial pattern • Causal pattern • Topical pattern
Conclusion • Restate the thesis • Summarize main points • Closing statement -------------quotation -------------personal reference -------------challenge to audience --------------future vision
Speech Format Introduction • Gain audience attention • Orient the audience • State the specific purpose or thesis Body of the Speech • First main point • Supporting material to first main point • Further supporting material to first main point • Second main point • Supporting material to second main point • Further supporting material to second main point Conclusion • Restate the thesis • Summarize main points • Closing statement
Supporting Material • Analogy • Illustration • Statistics • Testimony • Personal experience
Types of Speeches • Speech to Inform • Speech to Persuade • Speech to Demonstrate • Speech to Entertain
Speech to Inform Purpose: To increase listener’s knowledge and develop understanding • Tends to make complex ideas clear • Leaves the audience with new knowledge • Relates new information with the old one • Arouses Interest • Relies on relating, describing, explaining and reporting • Make clear to the listener what is already clear to the speaker • Present accurate and recent material • Present the most important and unusual aspects
Speech to Demonstrate Purpose: To show as well as tell how a process or procedure works or how it is done • Know the subject thoroughly • Use audio-visual aids, items, drawings • Know thoroughly the AV equipment • Be sure all aids are clearly visible • Items used should be part of your topic not the topic itself • Tell and show the audience what you are doing while you do it • Deliver your speech in a step by step logical order • Time yourself • Personalize it when appropriate • Involve the audience if possible
Speech to Persuade Purpose: To persuade the audience---attempt to win agreement ---move the audience to action Introduction---- establish the significance of topic establish a need for change state the preposition Body ------ state reasons and evidence to support preposition Conclusion ------- repeat the preposition summarize the reasons make a closing statement
Modes of Persuasion • Ethos/Ethical Appeals • Pathos/Emotional Appeals • Logos/Logical Appeals
Speech to Entertain Purpose: Amuse----Enlighten humorously---elicit smiles or laughter---Elicit relaxation--- make a point in a humorous way Devices-------Satire, Surprise, Exaggeration, Incongruity, Timing
Impromptu Speech • Extemporaneous Speech • Manuscript Speech • Memorized Speech
Speech Outline (Informative) Attention getter • Leonardo da Vinci once said “A well spent day brings happy sleep……..” But what if you can’t sleep at all. Purpose/thesis statement • To inform about two classes of insomnia and the methods to beat it. Preview • Insomnia is a condition in which a person cannot sleep for many days or is able to have a very few hours of unrested sleep.
Main body of speech 1. Classes of insomnia • Transient insomnia • Chronic insomnia 2.Prevalence of insomnia • General population • Elderly 3.Methods to deal with insomnia • Manage depression and stress • Avoid naps • Avoid noise and distracting lights
Conclusion • I hope you have enough insight into the widely spreading disorder of insomnia, its type and possible ways to prevent it. Review • As highlighted either the insomniac is suffering from transient or chronic insomnia. The degree of which is dependent on the age limit and other calamities. But this phenomenon can be controlled or even cured with the suggested techniques. Closing statement • Ask an insomniac how precious sleep is as one insomniac himself quoted “I have always envied people who sleep easily. Their brains must be clearer, the floor boards of the skull well swept”
Speech outline (persuasive) ATTENTION GETTER: An anonymous writer said: “One’s destiny is not determined by his luck but by his own choice” PREVIEW: Luck is something which happens beyond a person's control. It can be either good or bad which can be determined by an accident or chance. It is attributed by some to reasons of faith and superstition. All you need to do is to work hard and give your best with full determination and sincerity then success will certainly be yours. THESIS STATEMENT: Luck is not matter of chance, it is matter of choice.
MAIN BODY: 1. What is luck? • Luck happens beyond a person's control • Success or failure apparently brought by chance rather than through one's own actions. • Either good or bad 2. Superstitions about good and bad fortunes: • Different cultures, societies, religions have different views or superstitions • Example of some animals like black cats, bats, pigs and elephants, example of shadow and coins, example of twitching hands and eyes in different cultures
3. Luck is matter of choice or chance? • Luck is matter of choice • More new experiences, more opportunities so more lucky • More versatility and flexibility so more lucky 4.Success is achieved either by hard work or luck? • Keep trying • More hard work so more success CONCLUSION: RESTATE THESIS STATEMENT: Luck is not matter of chance, it is matter of choice. PURPOSE: I came here to tell all of you that hard work is the key to success, not luck only.
CLOSING STATEMENT: Great leader as well as English writer Sir Winston Churchill said: “Be an optimist. There is not much use being anything else”