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Public Speaking. Chapter 1: What’s It All About?. Objectives. Upon completing this session, you will be able to: Associate the ability to think, speak, and write well with your success in life Identify the 9 features that make public speaking different than conversing

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public speaking

Public Speaking

Chapter 1: What’s It All About?

objectives
Objectives
  • Upon completing this session, you will be able to:
    • Associate the ability to think, speak, and write well with your success in life
    • Identify the 9 features that make public speaking different than conversing
    • Define the roles of speaker and audience
    • State the historical origins of public speaking
    • Explain the transactional aspects of public speaking
    • Discuss the meaning of Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
public speaking a calling card
Public Speaking: A Calling Card
  • Ability to effectively think, speak and write will add to your success in:
    • Relationships
    • In other courses
    • In work
      • Today corporate recruiters look for people who can “…speak clearly, confidently, and concisely.”
      • Of 11 fundamental skills recruiters look for, the “ability to communicate orally” tops the list.
    • IBM-Nortel-Advertising-Journalism-Public!
public speaking in general
Public Speaking In General
  • Conversation with a point or purpose
    • Intentional speaking with spontaneity
    • Planned out ahead
    • Is addressed to many versus one or a few
    • The audience is considered and contributes
    • Is colorful and compelling
      • Visualizations
      • Metaphors
        • Be careful -- Denotative vs. connotative
public speaking not chit chat
Public speaking: Not Chit Chat
  • Public speaking vs. Conversation
    • Is more audience centered
    • Is organized and planned (3 parts)
    • Is grounded in responsible knowledge
    • Has a clear purpose (goal)
    • Uses more formal/precise language
    • Has more defined speaker and listener roles
    • Has a more formal environment and larger groups
public speaking nine elements
Speaker

Purpose

Message

Medium

Setting

Listener

Response

Interference

Consequences

Public Speaking: Nine Elements

Public speaking is distinctive as a form of communication through the interrelationship of 9 elements:

public speaking nine elements7
Speaker

Purpose

Message

Medium

Setting

Listener

Response

Interference

Consequences

Public Speaking: Nine Elements

The roles of speaker and listener:

Speaker

Listener

public speaking the setting
Public Speaking: The Setting
  • Setting can be:
    • Physical
      • Venue
      • Environment
      • Conducive or not?
    • Psychological
      • Occasion
      • Expectations of audience
        • Participative or Suspicious
        • Cooperative or Uncooperative?
public speaking the response
Public Speaking: The Response
  • What do you want them to think, feel, or do during and after?
  • How do you respond/adapt to them?
  • Consider the “what ifs” in preparing speech
  • Consider the thermostat: You need one.
  • Public Speaking is transactional
public speaking origins
Public Speaking: Origins
  • Started in ancient Greece
    • Taught Math, Music, Gymnastics & Rhetoric.
        • Rhetoric: The art or study of using language effectively and persuasively.
        • Forensic:Establishment of facts through science or argument. Appropriate for courts of law
    • No professional lawyers or judges
      • Speaker had to communicate to and convince jury of over 200 citizens.
      • Aristotle systematized as three major parts: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos

Lets discuss these 3 words

public speaking free speech and ethics
Public Speaking: Free Speech and Ethics
  • Freedom of speech
    • What does it mean?
    • Why is it important?
  • Ethics
    • Apply responsible knowledge
      • Know your subject better than your audience does
      • Understand what experts say/believe about subject
      • Be aware of most recent events
      • Realize how points may affect listeners-know your audience
public speaking ethics don ts
Public Speaking: Ethics Don'ts
  • Don’ts
    • Don’t quote out of context
      • What is said is given meaning, by who said it when, where they said it and under what conditions in response to what events.
    • Don’t plagiarize
      • Two degrees
        • Presenting others’ work, ideas, research as yours
        • Neglecting citation fundamentals
      • Types: Mix and match – cut and paste
public speaking ethics values
Public Speaking: Ethics Values
  • Native American Perspective
  • Ethics basics are universal
    • Interviews with leading moral representatives from many cultures revealed the existence of a global code of ethical conduct:
      • Love, truthfulness, fairness, freedom, unity, tolerance, responsibility and respect for life

*From Shared Values for a Troubled world, Rushworth M. Kidder - President of the Institute for Global Ethics

summary
Summary
  • Having completed this session, you can:
    • Associate the ability to think, speak, and write well with your success in life
    • Identify the 9 features that make public speaking different than conversing
    • Define the roles of speaker and audience
    • State the historical origins of public speaking
    • Explain the transactional aspects of public speaking
    • Discuss the meaning of Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
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