Revision of the Relative Clause. —— Insight Into the Relative Pronouns and Adverbs. Jorge. I. Warm-up : Listen and fill in the missing words in the telephone conversation. A . Hello! Mary speaking. B . Hi! This is Tom. I was wondering if you could do me a favor.
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—— Insight Into the Relative Pronouns and Adverbs
I.Warm-up: Listen and fill in the missing words in the telephone conversation.
A. Hello! Mary speaking.
B. Hi! This is Tom. I was wondering if you could do me a favor.
A. Oh, Tom. Go ahead, please.
B. I’d like you to pick up a friend for me at Pudong Airport, ____ will fly from the US, _____ flight is FM007. I’m to attend a lecture _____ is on English-teaching this afternoon. That’s the reason ____ I am calling you. Would that be ok?
A. No problem. Tell me the time _____ your friend will arrive.
B. Thank you, 4:30 this afternoon.
B. she has hair ____ is short and curly. That’s the lady ______ you should pick up.
A. What’s her name?
A. I see. Is it ok for me to bring her to the school _____ you teach?
B. That would be fine. See you.
A. See you.
Q1: What are the red words called in the situational dialogue?
The relative pronouns and adverbs.
Q2: Which arethe relative pronouns or relative adverbs? Which modifies persons or things?Which are the subjects or objects? What can the relative adverbs be replaced for?
whose/of whom (attributive定语)
whose/of which (attributive定语)
Prep. + which (adverbial状语)
prep. + which (adverbial状语)
for which (adverbial状语)
II. Overall review: Glance over the questions on the paper, deciding on their proper choices or answers through pair work.
How to use “Three Steps”
Step1Put the modified(被修饰的)noun or pronouninto the relative clause.
Step 2If the clause is complete(完整的)with the noun or pronoun in, fill in the blank with a subject relative(做主语关系代词)or an object relative(做宾语关系代词).
Step 3If not complete, put a preposition before “which” or “whom” or choose to use the relative adverbs or “whose”.
III.Practice: Blank-filling of the relative pronouns and adverbs with “Three Steps”.
Always Have a Dream
Forget about the days ______ it's been cloudy, 忘掉你的失意日子， But don't forget your hours ______ are sunny. 但不要忘记黄金的时光。 Forget about the places ______ you've been defeated,
忘掉你的失败的地方， But don't forget the victories ______ you've won and the reasons ______ you’ve failed.
But don't forget the friendly people ______ you've got smiles from.
但不要忘记给你友善微笑的人。 Forget about the veryplans ______ didn't seem to work out right,
忘掉你没有得以顺利实施的计划， But don‘t forget to always have a dream, __________ you‘ll have a bright future ahead.但不要放弃你的梦想,有了它就有了美好的前程。
Yellow leaves of autumn, ____________________, flutter and fall on the earth.
Those ___________________ knock at the gate.
which have no songs
who want to do good
This photo reminds me of the days (that/which) we spent in the summer camp.
The English words (which/that) we have learnt so far add up to 3500.
V. Extension: Produce either passage with at least three relative clauses in it, using the following words to make it funny as you like through group work.
eg. Feng Xiaogangis a director who is very cool. One day he came to Chenqiao High School, where he met an ugly lady whose name is Feng Jie. They paintedtogether, which made them very happy.
THANK YOU FOR BEING WITH ME!
Letters of Ordering T-shirts
I. Look at the pictures and consider the questions on the board.
Reference answers :
1. She makes T-shirts with words/pictures on them.
2. By mail order.
3.They are personalised(个性化的） and are specially printed.
4-5 open answers.
II.The 美眉in the picture named Lu Tin whoruns a shop on Taobao often receives different kinds of letter. Before you read the paper at hand, guess the kinds of letter that you think Lu Tin might get, and whom she might get the letters from.
KIND OF LETTER:
order for T-shirts
III. Look at the letters of A, B,C,D,E and F Lu Tin received one morning, coming up with the answers on the board.
1. A and E, C and F.
2. Lu Tin knows the writers of B (addresses her by boss; in the form of note) and F (informal; addresses her by first name).
B from Lu Tin’s ( ) to leave her a ( ).
C from a ( )批发商to request ( ).
D from a ( ) to ( ).
E from a ( ) to give a message for an ordered ( ).
F from a business ( ) to ( ) for a delay and to accompany C.
complain about the T-shirt
IV. Suppose you are Lu Tin. In which order will you
answer the letters?
She will probably deal with( )first (urgent).
She will probably deal with( )next ( to satisfy a new customer), then the complaint ( ), and finally ( ), as they are not urgent.
Below the sender’s address.
2. Please match the openings with an ending.
a) Dear (name/Lu Tin) b) Yours faithfully
c) Dear Sir/Madam d) Yours sincerely
a) matches d);c) matches b)
3. Find three sentences/ways of making polite requests from Letters B, D, E.
Can you phone him …? (B); Please send … (D/E);
could you please include …(E)
VII. Work with your partner. You are to send a T-shirt with a message on the front to your mutual (共同的）friend.
Write Lu Tin’s reply to Letter D and apologise for the problems and repay the money.
1. Here are some useful ways of apologizing:
2. I am awfully sorry that…
3. I apologise for (+noun/-ing)
4. Please accept my apologies.
5. I hope you will accept my apologise.