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SECCI/COR2 Status Report. SECCHI CONSORTIUM MEETING D. Socker, S. Plunkett, A. Vourlidas. Science Objectives. 3D structure of CMEs. CME evolution (speed, mass, etc). Structure of outer corona (streamers, plumes). Performance Specifications. Observing Modes. pB sequence

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secci cor2 status report

SECCI/COR2Status Report


D. Socker, S. Plunkett,

A. Vourlidas

science objectives
Science Objectives
  • 3D structure of CMEs.
  • CME evolution (speed, mass, etc).
  • Structure of outer corona (streamers, plumes).
observing modes
Observing Modes
  • pB sequence
    • Three (0, 120, 240 deg) polarizer position image set.
    • Three images transmitted to the ground.
  • Total Bsequence
    • Two (0, 90 deg) polarizer position image set.
    • On-board processing of images.
    • Single processed image transmitted .
  • ROI (Region Of Interest)
    • Selected sub-fields processed and transmitted.
observing modes1
Observing Modes
  • Sum/Difference
    • On board comparison of two (or more) images.
    • Sum or difference transmitted.
  • Calibration
    • Lamp and dark images for CCD calibration.
    • Images in several (~18) redundant polarizer positions from 0º-360º.
  • Pixel binning
    • In SEB (digital) or (analog) CCD.
design status
Design Status
  • Significant changes from proposal level concept
    • Vignetting in 12R-15R region eliminated.
    • Singlet objective replaced with doublet (“air” spaced).
    • Halfwave retarder plate replaced by polarizer (Polarcor or polaroid,TBD)
design status1
Design Status
  • Mechanical
    • Layout level complete
    • Design level in progress
  • Optical
    • Still using proposal singlet design as placeholder.
    • Intermediate level design initiated.
design status2
Design Status
  • Thermal
    • Critical locations (A0, occulter, heat rejection mirror) being modeled.
    • Thermal bending < 5”.
  • Contamination control
    • Layout (for SCIP box case) completed.
  • Radiation damage issues
    • Using same optical materials as LASCO C2.
    • Looking at some optical materials testing (glass, cements, AR coatings).
instrumental backgrounds studies
Instrumental Backgrounds Studies
  • A0
    • Modeling serrated and circular edge generated backgrounds.
  • A0-A1 tube section baffles
    • Modeling baffles to minimize machining cost without degrading optical performance.
  • Heat rejection mirror
    • Modeling to determine optical surface requirements.
instrumental backgrounds studies1
Instrumental Backgrounds Studies
  • A1/heat rejection mirror interface
    • Model details of design to avoid interface becoming a significant background.
  • Shutter leakage model.
  • O1, O2 aberration modeling
    • Detailed ray trace studies to optimize rejection at internal occulter and Lyot stop.
instrumental backgrounds studies2
Instrumental Backgrounds Studies
  • External occulter model and test
    • Straight edge (model & test)
      • Point source, multiple wavelengths.
      • Edge bevel effects.
      • Polarization effects.
    • Single circular disk (model & test)
      • Point and extended sources, multiple distances.
      • Fresnel model matches test results.
    • Multiple (2/3) disks (model & test in LASCO/C3 EM).
    • Serrated disk (model & test in LASCO/C3 EM).
    • Smooth cone and tear-drop shapes (test in LASCO/C3 EM).
instrumental backgrounds studies3
Instrumental Backgrounds Studies
  • O1 Coating and Polish Scatter Tests
    • Flat glass samples
      • Conventionally polished (fussed silica tested, BK7 future).
      • Ion milled polish (fussed silica tested, BK7 future).
      • AR & non AR coated (hard coating).
    • Results to date
      • AR coating has negligible effect on scattering.
      • Scattering from samples with conventional and ion-milled surface polish is similar.
      • Near-specular angles dominated by point-like defects.
instrumental backgrounds studies4
Instrumental Backgrounds Studies
  • Future flats tests
    • Flat samples of radiation resistant BK7 will be delivered to NRL by end of July.
  • Future singlet & doublet objective tests.
    • Aberration optimized O1 lenses will be mounted in C3 EM and stray light measured in vacuum.
  • Based on LASCO experience
    • LASCO in-flight calibrations verified the ground calibrations to within <10-30% overall.
  • Ground-based calibrations
    • Measure expected flight performance and will provide a baseline for comparison with in-flight calibrations.
  • In-flight calibrations
    • Measure actual performance and monitor instrument stability.
ground calibrations
Ground Calibrations
  • Ground-based calibrations will take place at NRL Solar Instrument Test facility (Building A13).
  • Calibration products include:
    • Radiometric calibration.
    • Stray light background.
    • Vignetting and distortion function.
    • Filter and CCD QE and spectral response.
    • Polarization calibration (polarization analyzer and instrumental polarization).
in flight calibrations door closed
In-flight Calibrations(Door Closed)
  • Diffusing window in door for photometric calibrations, measurement of instrument polarization and stability checks.
  • Three LED calibration lamps at TBD locations for CCD calibrations.
  • Dark images for CCD calibrations and stability checks.
in flight calibrations door open
In-flight Calibrations(Door Open)
  • Background stars.
    • Pointing, plate scale, time corrections, vignetting, distortion, photometry.
  • Spacecraft rolls.
    • Polarization and stray light.
  • Time series of coronal images.
    • F-corona, stray light.
  • Cross-calibration with COR1/HI, COR2 A/B, LASCO, and ground-based observations.