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Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In PowerPoint Presentation
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Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In

Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In

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Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In

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  1. Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In

  2. Encoding Effortful Automatic Encoding: Getting Information In

  3. Encoding • Automatic Processing • unconscious encoding of incidental information • space • time • frequency • well-learned information • word meanings • we can learn automatic processing • reading backwards

  4. Encoding • Effortful Processing • requires attention and conscious effort • Rehearsal • conscious repetition of information • to maintain it in consciousness • to encode it for storage

  5. Activity - Song The gifts are repeated, those at the beginning are repeated more often. The first gift is repeated 12 times. Encoding

  6. Encoding • Ebbinghaus used nonsense syllables • TUV ZOF GEK WAV • the more times practiced on Day 1, the fewer repetitions to relearn on Day 2 • Spacing Effect • distributed practice yields better long- term retention than massed practice

  7. Ebbinghaus forgetting curve Method: Ebbinghaus taught himself nonsense syllables until he could recall perfectly. Then tested himself at various intervals to determine how much he forgot. %savings What is the point? Cramming is a bad idea

  8. Time in minutes taken to relearn list on day 2 20 15 10 5 0 8 16 24 32 42 53 64 Number of repetitions of list on day 1 Encoding

  9. Encoding: SPEffect Activity – U.S. Presidents Star Spangled Banner

  10. You will see a list of words displayed one at a time. After you see the last word, you will be asked to write down as many of the words as you can recall. You do not have to write down the words in the order you saw them.

  11. *******

  12. PLANT

  13. SEA

  14. WOODS

  15. ARM

  16. BABY

  17. FUR

  18. BLOOD

  19. CHAIR

  20. QUEEN

  21. BAR

  22. TOWN

  23. COAST

  24. SUGAR

  25. MARKET

  26. GRASS

  27. GIRL

  28. SKY

  29. WOMAN

  30. FENCE

  31. WALLET

  32. PANTRY

  33. Write all the words you can recall in any order

  34. STOP

  35. First words PLANT SEA WOODS ARM BABY FUR BLOOD Middle words CHAIR QUEEN BAR TOWN COAST SUGAR MARKET Last words GRASS GIRL SKY WOMAN FENCE WALLET PANTRY LIST 1: STANDARD PROCEDURE

  36. You will see another list of words displayed one at a time. After you see the last word, you see instructions to count backwards out loud by 3s from 999. You will then be asked to write down as many of the words as you can recall. You do not have to write down the words in the order you saw them.

  37. *******

  38. DRESS

  39. MONKEY

  40. BAKERY

  41. QUART

  42. APPLE

  43. FLAG

  44. LIP

  45. HOUSE

  46. DESK

  47. PEARL

  48. STREET

  49. HILL

  50. SHIP