GeneratingIdeas Assoc. Prof. Dr. Şehnaz Şahinkarakaş
How can we generate our focus of inquiry? • Let’s work on an exercise! (p.46) • Step 1: Brainstorming • Take out a piece of paper • Think for a few minutes about sometopics that interestyou and jot down these topics in a corner of your paper • Select one of the topics and write it in the middle of your paper • For 5 minutes, write down the topics and ideas that relate to the main topic; connect and cluster similar ideas (some samples on p. 47-48) • When you have finished, see if you have any patterns (e.g. age group, gender, type of person, etc.)
Step 2: DevelopingtheResearchQuestion • i) Writingyourpurposestatement: • Thetopic of thisstudywill be ………… • Thisstudyneedsto be conductedbecause …….. • Someverbsto be usedforpurposestatement: • Explore • Understand • Investigate • Identify • Evaluate • Describe • Interrogate
Considerthefollowingtowritegoodpurposestatement: • How many participants? • Where (use pseudonyms) • What will you explore? – be specific • If exploring experience, then experience of what? Be narrowly focused • If exploring perception, then perception of what? Be narrowly focused • Avoid jargon use as much as possible
A sampletemplatefor a qualitativepurposestatement: • The purpose of this ______________ (narrative, phenomenological, grounded theory, ethnographic, case, etc.) study is (was? will be?) to ____________ (understand, describe, develop, discover) the _____________ (central phenomenon of the study) for ______________ (the participants) at (the site). At this stage in the research, the ___________ (central phenomenon) will be generally defined as ____________ (a general definition of the central concept). • Look at your article and see how the purpose statement is written there. • Nowwriteyourpurposestatementusingthistemplate
ii) writingtheresearchquestion(s) • Thingstorememberwhilewritingresearchquestions: • Alignthemwiththeresearchpurpose • You can conversethepurposestatementinto a question • Onepoint of inquiry in onequestion • Open-endedquestions. E.g. • Whataretheexperiences of …….? • How does a participantdescribe …….? • Inwhatwaysdoes X play a role in Y? • Be careful! Close-endedquestionsarequantitative. E.g. • Does X cause Y? • Do theparticipantslike X morethan Y?
Sampleresearchquestions: • How do 8th-grade students in Turkey perceive the new assessment system? • What is the role of technology in speaking a foreignlanguage? • Findtheresearchquestion in yourarticle (ifany) • Nowwriteyourresearchquestion(s) • Gothroughotherqualitativearticlesandfindouttheresearchquestions. • Comparethoseresearchquestions in thearticlewiththose of yours