Transitions Week 2. The Course is exploration of the mind and the brain as related to your transition to life as a full time student It is an introduction to which brain states underlie confidence as a student, more focus, attention, less stress etc. Recap.
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It is an introduction to which brain states underlie confidence as a student, more focus, attention, less stress etcRecap
It has a number of elements starting with greater self-reflection and self-awareness, then on to attention, self-talk, focus…Recap
First Key Guiding Principle:
The Mind uses the brain to create itself
Plasticity: The ability of the brain to continually change during our lifetime as a result of experience.The mind (our attitudes ) etc are rooted in our brain
Donald Hebb: “When neurons FIRE t0gether, they WIRE together
= mental activity creates new brain structures.
So even fleeting experiences , even in this past week, can leave lasting marks on your brain
We saw this in the video of the baby , the Still Face Experiment
A baby can't develop an orbitofrontal cortex on his or her own.
As it emerges, the quality of that architecture establishes a foundation for all of the development and behaviour that follows
But if a dog should come past, the cat would defend his own 'being' : run away and hide, or, if cornered, would hiss and snarl with his fur up to frighten off the dog.Ourthreebrains
He may not have self-consciousness or verbal communication, but he has a range of basic feelings and reactions which prompt his behaviour and ensure his survival.Ourthreebrains
A baby has a basic version of these systems in place: a functioning nervous system which enables it to breathe, a visual system which allows it to track the movements around him, a core consciousness based in the brainstem which reacts to sensory experiences and assesses them in terms of survival.Ourthreebrains
So defense, pulling away, creating separateness – is one basic strategy of the brainOurthreebrains
This basic awareness is often accompanied by a background feeling of anxiety that keep you vigilent.Ourthreebrains
Which are detected quicker: Fearful faces or happy faces
Even register sub consciously (Jiang and He, 2006)
The Brain is drawn to bad news
Negative stuff is stored stronger, faster, deeper
This then required a capacity to think and reflect on our emotions, and thus led to the development of the cortex, and in particular, the prefrontal cortex.Ourthreebrains
Through studying what happens when this part of the brain is damaged, neuroscientists have put together a picture of its functions. People with brain damage that affects the orbitofrontal area can't relate to others sensitively.Ourthreebrains
Release chemincals like seratonn and dopamine.
Repeated Patterns of activity in the neurons in the brain become like structuresThe Brain changes
Dopamine is connected to mood, motivation feel-good
It gets released by pleasurable activities, including video game playing, or surfing.
Ist the brain reward circuit that is released when some parts of the brain are stimulatedA simple example
It keeps the brain switched on
Interactive gadgets can trick the brain into a persistent sense of emergency by setting off scanning for danger system in the brainA simple example
This is the working shape of the brain.The Brain changes
Two critical periods:
Changes as we make choices in adulthood
We are looking at what formed us, to get to know them
The rest come from internal memory stores and perceptual processing modules
You brain is continually creating the world, partly on the basis of experiences to date.
Based on the images we form of a prototype episode: for example, how the other person's face looked, how I feel in my body when they do that thing.
The Story of my Life 2: a LifeStory Interview
3: Reading: BrainRules Chapter 2 and 3Assignments