SOL Quiz III. English Colonies. 1. The English colonists brought with them their "rights as Englishmen." Some of these rights were based on the a. Mayflower Compact b. Magna Carta c. Toleration Act d. Fundamental Orders.
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1. The English colonists brought with them their "rights as Englishmen." Some of these rights were based on the
a. Mayflower Compact
b. Magna Carta
c. Toleration Act
d. Fundamental Orders
Many of the rights of the English were based on the Magna Carta (1215). The Magna Carta stated that the king could not increase taxes without the permission of English nobles. It also stated that freemen could not be punished unless first judged by a jury of his peers.
2. Which group of English men and women formed a church which separated itself from the Anglican Church?
The Pilgrims established a church separate from the Anglican Church. Many English men and women of the 1500s and 1600s thought that the Anglican Church (Church of England) had rituals which were too "Popish" -- too much like those of the Roman Catholic Church.
3. One of the first steps toward self-government in the 13 colonies was an agreement by the Pilgrims that they would make and obey their own laws. What was the name of that agreement?
a. Act of Toleration
b. Quebec Act
c. Mayflower Compact
d. Albany Plan of Union
In 1620, while still on the Mayflower, the Pilgrims formed the Mayflower Compact in which they agreed to make and obey their own laws. Finding themselves in "no man's land," they reasoned that they were in a place without a government.
4. Which of the 13 colonies is best associated with prohibition of work and play on Sundays?
The leaders of Massachusetts established strict laws against work and play on Sundays. They wanted to create a "Bible Commonwealth" where the Scriptures guided daily life.
5. Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island. He is known for his support of
a. freedom of the press
b. the right of trial by jury
c. religious toleration
d. the right of assembly
Roger Williams is best known for his support of religious toleration. Williams was a minister in Massachusetts Bay. While he was a devoted Christian, he believed that no one could know which Church was the true one until Christ returned and established it. He therefore argued that each person should be able to worship God in his or her own way.