Plastic Surgery By Matthew Meyers
Infection • An infection has to do with the overgrowth of bacteria in a particular area. Because Surgery is done by cutting into the skin and tissue of a person, bacteria is able to enter the body and multiply. Although antibiotics reduce greatly the risk of having an infection, it is still a concern of many patients. • Signs and symptoms
Necrosis • Skin necrosis is basically the death of skin. This happens mainly on face lifts; surgeons separate facial skin of a patient from up to 80% of its blood supply and leads to a serious lack of oxygen. If a region of the skin does not get the oxygen needed, it turns black, dies, and a scab forms afterwards. Because necrosis is the death of skin cells, the damage of the affected skin is irreversible. • What causes skin necrosis?
Psychological/ Social Risk • Getting plastic surgery is very scary and nerve-wrecking because a lot of times the surgery is very expensive, it causes pain, disfigurement, and in some cases even death. Sometimes people dislike their surgery so much that they commit suicide or get into a state of depression.
The Need for Second Surgeries • Although plastic surgery is for “perfecting” people’s bodies, it sometimes is unsuccessful. People occasionally get ANOTHER plastic surgery because they didn’t like their previous results. Other patients need mandatory surgeries after their first one because something serious happened that can alter their health.
Hematoma • A hematoma is a collection of blood outside a blood vessel. Hematomas can develop after a surgery anywhere in the body. The skin looks as if it’s swollen and bruised and underneath it has a pocket of blood which can decrease the blood flow of the area. • How do people reduce the chances of developing a hematoma?
Scarring • Scars are a big problem in the plastic surgery world. Because our skin regenerates and heals itself, scars are common when a surgery is made. Surgeons though, know where to cut and how to cut so that the scar that forms is either unnoticeable or just very small. Either way, genetics, the patient’s age, and the direction of the incision are factors that determine how noticeable a scar will be.
Delayed Healing • Depending on the type of surgery or incision, wound healing times may vary. When a wound heals slowly, the chances of getting necrosis and infection increase, that is why patients are required to be extremely careful after a surgery. Other deciding aspects of the amount of time a wound will heal are the patient’s skin type and age.
Pneumonia • Pneumonia is caused by fluid entering the lungs causing a blockade. This can happen when food enters through the lungs from the mouth. This is specially common when tummy tucks are done and is very important to watch for chest pains for taking deep breaths after the procedure.
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