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PUBLIC SPEAKING BRIEFING NOV2008
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  1. PUBLIC SPEAKING BRIEFING NOV2008 PTK5 Mohd Nawi Derahman NOV 2008 TRAINING CENTER UTMJB

  2. Briefing 04.11.08 • Why Public Speaking? • Elements of Evaluation (PTK5) • Speech Outline - OBC • Scope of Assessment • Evaluation Form: PTK5 • PUBLIC SPEAKING • 3 C’s • BODY LANGUANGE • EYE CONTACT • FEAR / COURAGE • Some common Errors in PS

  3. What is Public Speaking?

  4. Public speaking is a sustained presentation made by a speaker to an audience • Sustained: • In a logical sequence • Natural and smooth body movement • Gestures and body language in synchrony

  5. Why Public Speaking? • PTK - yes - give your best • Personal development - better - that you will be imbibed with the skills for the rest of your life - fish - today, fishing - lifetime eat

  6. What to Look For? • Audience satisfaction - always them in mind - so prepare • Best performance - always ready - you may never get the chance again -- remember you missed an opportunity because you were shy?? and you ended up saying, even i can do that! I can do even better. But you blew it

  7. What Do we look for? Assessment criteria • Speech Contents (Verbal) • Opening 15 • Body 70 • Closing15 • Non-Verbal Elements

  8. Assessment: PTK5 • ORGANISE THE SPEECH – Outline, logical sequence • SHOW WHAT YOU MEAN – Body language congruent with the message • Speech, having logical sequence that leads the audience to a clearly defined goal • Speech outline; with opening, body, and conclusion • Gestures and body movements • To develop a sense of timing and natural, smooth body movement

  9. Elements to observe • Speech Value - Interesting? Meaningful? Marked? • Preparation - research, rehearsal? Marked? • Manner - Direct, confident, sincere? • Body Movements - purposeful, smooth, awkward, random or distracting? • Facial Expression - animated, friendly, genuine • Organisation - purposeful, clear • Opening - attention-getting, led into topic • Body of Speech - logical flow, ideas supported by facts • Conclusion - effective, climactic

  10. Who will be there? • You • The Panel of Assessors • General evaluator • Grammarian • Timer • Panel Members • The Audience

  11. Goals of Public Speaking • Creating Awareness • Not just a speech, but a good speech • Potential level of success, up one notch • Fostering Understanding • Audience to understand message • Address needs & wants of audience • Generating Impact • Not necessarily agree, but must impact your audience • 4 basic emotions to address: Mad, Sad, Glad, Scared • Audience: at least experience 1, preferably more • Motivating Your Audience to Take Action I TAU MSGS

  12. Sample Speech Outline • A. Opening • Captures audience attention • Leads into speech topic • B. Body • 1st point • Statement of fact • Supporting material • 2nd point…. Repeat.. • C. Conclusion • Review or summary • Call to action or memorable statement 3 x marks • Speech body should contain at least 3 main points • Each point should be clearly stated, illustrated, and supported • Do not assume audience is familiar with your topic • Devote similar amount of time to each point – none is less important

  13. **

  14. Successful public speaking consists of 3 elements: 3 C’s 1. Content Your message must be packed with practical information, presented in a memorable and entertaining way. 2. Confidence You must believe that your speech can make a difference. 3. Connection You must be able to make a connection with the audience so that they respect you, admire you, and are willing to learn from you.

  15. Courage & Confidence c.f. Fear, fright, Dale Carnegie • Once fear is conquered • impressive poise and self-assurance • Executive skills increase • Due to expressiveness and confidence • Public speaking • nature’s own method of overcoming self-consciousness and build up courage and self-confidence • speaking in public makes us come to grip with our fears

  16. Facts • You are not unique in your fear of speaking in public • A certain amount of stage fright is useful! • Many professional speakers admitted that they never completely lose all stage fright • The chief cause of fear of public speaking is due to your being unaccustomed to speak in public

  17. A certain amount is useful! • When you notice your pulse beating faster, don’t become alarmed • Your body is getting ready to go into action akin to revving up of a racing car • If held within limits - You will be capable of • thinking faster • talking more fluently • and with greater intensity

  18. You never completely lose it all • It may persist through your first few sentences • This is the price – For being like RACE HORSES, Not like draft horses • Speakers who are “cool as cucumber”- Thick-skinned as a cucumber About as inspiring as a cucumber

  19. Chief cause – unaccustomed to.Solution: 3 P’s • “Fear is misbegotten of ignorance and uncertainty” • Some people never did • Beginners – complex series of situations • Solution : Practice, Practice, Practice • Then public speaking can be made a JOY, not agony • Create a record of successful speaking experiences – a repertoire

  20. Assessment: PTK5 • ORGANISE THE SPEECH – Outline, logical sequence • SHOW WHAT YOU MEAN – Body language congruent with the message • Speech, having logical sequence that leads the audience to a clearly defined goal • Speech outline; with opening, body, and conclusion • Gestures and body movements • To develop a sense of timing and natural, smooth body movement

  21. Elements to observe • Speech Value - Interesting? Meaningful? Marked? • Preparation - research, rehearsal? Marked? • Manner - Direct, confident, sincere? • Body Movements - purposeful, smooth, awkward, random or distracting? • Facial Expression - animated, friendly, genuine • Organisation - purposeful, clear • Opening - attention-getting, led into topic • Body of Speech - logical flow, ideas supported by facts • Conclusion - effective, climactic

  22. The Five "Musts" to Being an Effective Presenter • Practice out loud • Gesture • Make eye contact • Pause between points • Visualise your success

  23. Common Errors in Public Speaking • Monotonous tone of Voice or too Soft • Reading from script of just Reciting • Lack of Facial expression • Grammatical errors • No Audience rapport • No Poise or Personality • Poor Pronunciation • Sticking Tongue out when discovering mistake • No sense of Humour • Rather stiff in Mannerisms There is nothing worse than a meaningful speech peppered with grammatical errors

  24. In Public Speaking generateFEELINGSwithIMPACTandSTYLE

  25. TIME • Time is very important • One of the lessons to be practiced – expressing a thought within a specified time • Time PTK5&6: 8-10 minutes: 8-minimum, 9-intermediate, 10-warning,10+(30sec) – disqualify