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Vikas Nath Founding President: DigitalGovernance.org Initiative DevNetJobs.org Initiative. Building Accountable and Democratic Governance Institutions: How is ICT changing information flows in Developing Countries ?.

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slide1

Vikas Nath

Founding President:

DigitalGovernance.org Initiative

DevNetJobs.org Initiative

Building Accountable and Democratic Governance Institutions:

How is ICT changing information flows in

Developing Countries ?

THE ROLE OF NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN DEVELOPMENT: BECOMING AN INFORMATION SOCIETY

18 October 2005, Wilton Park Conference, UK

information access and information flows
Information Access and Information Flows

Information ACCESS

The different sources available to individuals to seek information.

Eg: from other individuals, from institutions, from libraries, public domains and databases.

Information FLOWS

The supply of information within a society.

Eg: Information flows may be ‘restricted’ in some societies and ‘open’ in others.

case a the pre ict situation
Case A: The pre- ICT situation

V= Value of Service being derived by the user U

V1B

A

B

V1A

U1

V2C

C

U2

U4

V4D

U3

V3D

D

V5D

U5

USERS (5)

SERVICES (A, B, C, D)

Total Public Value of Services derived = U1V1 + U2V2 + U3V3 + U4V4 + U5V5

case b desired post ict situation
Case B: Desired post- ICT situation

G

U6

U8

A

B

U1

U7

C

E

U2

U4

U3

F

D

U5

RURAL USERS (5)

SERVICES (A, B, C, D)

New Public Value = U1V1 + U2V2 + U3V3 + U4V4 + U5V5 +….. + UiVj

some learnings
Some Learnings!

ICTs enhances Information Access and Flows…

almost automatically in project designs

But if ICT has to create Politically Relevant and Inclusive Community Networks, then there is a need to RESHAPE the “Geometry of Information Flows” within the Society.

guidelines for weaving politically relevant networks
Guidelines for weaving Politically Relevant Networks
  • Who are our Target groups that we want to reach out to, through Internet?
  • What are the key information needs of the disadvantaged community?
  • What are the existing channels by which information reaches to the disadvantaged community?
  • What is the weakest link in the chain of information flows: from source to the disadvantaged communities?
slide9

E-Governance Models for building Accountable and Democratic Governance Institutions

  • Wider Dissemination Model
  • Critical Flow Model
  • Comparative Analysis Model
  • E-advocacy/ Lobbying and Pressure group model
  • Interactive-Service Model
slide10

Wider Disseminating Model

Information:

Public Domain Wider Public Domain

Wider Domain

  • Laws and Legislations
  • Local Govt. Offices and Officials Information
  • Government Budget, Plans and Expenditures
  • Key Judicial Decisions: state vs. citizen decisions

Public Domain

Information

slide11

Examples

Brazil: Official Government Website

www.brazil.gov.br

South Africa: Idasa’s Political Information and Monitoring Service (PIMS)

www.pims.org.za/monitor

India: Directory of Government Ministries

www.goidirectory.nic.in

Armenia: Online forum for Democratic Participation

www.forum.am

slide12

Critical Flow Model

Critical Information:

Private Domain Wider Public Domain

  • Corruption Information
  • Enquiry reports, scientific research, impact studies commissioned
  • Company’s Green Ratings
  • Human Rights Violations Records
  • Whistle Blowing

Wider Domain

Private Domain

Information

slide13

Examples

Bangladesh: Human Rights Portal www.banglarights.net

Mexico: Declarenet www.declaranet.gob.mx

El Salvador: Probidad www.probidad.org

India: Central Vigilance Committee www.cvc.nic.in

Bloggers

slide14

Comparative Analysis Model

Information:

Private / Public Domain + Public / Private Domain Wider Public Domain

Public/Private

Domain

Wider Domain

Public Domain

Information

Public/Private

Domain

comparative analysis model
Comparative Analysis Model
  • Court Rulings / Historical Archive
  • Tracking Performance Records / Financial Assets Growth of Ministers
  • Electoral Candidates Information
  • Based on Precedence Information
  • (time line)
  • With and Without Information
  • Bringing out Best / Worst Practices
  • Disaster Response
  • Comparative policies- Bt Cotton & Trademark Potatoes Campaign
slide16

Examples

Argentina: Cristal (Budget comparisons and use of public funds)

www.cristal.gov.ar

Sri Lanka: Kothmale Project (Comparison of Education Indicators)

India: Green Ratings of Chief Ministers

www.cseindia.org

India: Comparative Learning from Disasters

www.nic.in

slide17

Mobilisation and Lobbying Model

Building Allies / Networking Networks for

Concerted Action

Virtual Community

Communities

Individuals

Real Community

Common

Goal

Networks

Interest

Groups

slide18

Examples

  • Planned, Directed, Strategic flow of Information to build strong issue-based Allies / solidarity to complement action in Real World.
  • (often through combination of other models)
  • e-Signature Campaigns
  • e-Groups on Agriculture
  • Zimbabwe Kubatana.net (using emails for lobbying)
  • SMS and Mobile Campaigns- Philippines and Ukraine
slide19

Service Delivery Model

USER SERVICE PROVIDER

E-Government

E- debates

E-ballots

E-procurement of services

E-administration: taxes, parking tickets, licenses

slide20

Examples

Brazil: Citizen Services Centre

Mongolia: Citizens Information Centre

Nepal: Municipal Services Online

www.bharatpurmun.org.np

India: Bhoomi Project (Karnataka)

www.revdept-01.kar.nic.in

Namibia: Parliamentary website for bill discussions

www.parliament.gov.na

for more information

www.DigitalGovernance.org

For more information:

Vikas Nath

Founding President

DigitalGovernance.org

KnowNet.org Initiative

DevNetJobs.org

Geneva, Switzerland

A network of over 2800 e-governance professionals from developing countries

Vikas.nath@gmail.com or

v.nath-alumni@lse.ac.uk