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Classical Period 1750-1820. Order Symmetry Balance. Abstract Music. Symphony Concerto Chamber Music (String Quartet) Sonata. Viennese School Composers. Mozart Haydn Beethoven Schubert. Patronage system. Composers were dependent on employers (kings, princes, queens). Later . . . .

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classical period 1750 1820

Classical Period1750-1820

Order

Symmetry

Balance

abstract music
Abstract Music
  • Symphony
  • Concerto
  • Chamber Music (String Quartet)
  • Sonata
viennese school composers
Viennese School Composers
  • Mozart
  • Haydn
  • Beethoven
  • Schubert
patronage system
Patronage system
  • Composers were dependent on employers (kings, princes, queens)
later
Later . . . .
  • With the Revolutions . . .
    • Social/Political changes began . . .
review of beethoven 1770 1827
Review of Beethoven (1770-1827)
  • Deaf
  • Sketchbook
  • Supreme architect
  • Classical TRANSITIONAL to Romantic
    • Traits
      • Strong dynamic contrasts
      • Sudden accents
      • Developments bigger
      • Coda (tail) expanded
      • SUBSTITUTED SCHERZO for MINUET
      • Longer 4th movements
his music
His Music
  • Symphonies (how many)
  • Fifth symphony – most famous
    • First movement built on a ___-note motive
    • Form of first movement?
    • Third movement was what?
the moonlight sonata
The Moonlight Sonata
  • Sonata for Piano
  • P. 187
  • Movement I not in typical form
    • Modified Song
the eighteenth century concerto
The Eighteenth-Century Concerto
  • Comes from the word “consort” (partnership)
  • Contains 3 movements
    • Fast
    • Slow
    • Fast
  • Classical concerto commonly featured solo instrument with orchestra
  • Most popular instruments
    • Violin
    • Piano
concerto other features
Concerto – Other Features
  • Cadenza
    • Improvisatory “show-off” time for the soloist
    • Comes near the end of the movement
    • Orchestra falls silent
  • Double Exposition
    • Orchestra – Introduces themes
    • Soloist – Restates themes
mozart and the concerto
Mozart and the Concerto
  • Played a crucial role in the development of the piano concerto
  • Written primarily for his own use
  • Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453
    • 1784
    • 3 movements
      • I. Allegro
      • II. Andante
      • III. Allegretto: Theme and variations
beethoven and the concerto
Beethoven and the Concerto
  • Wrote 5 piano concertos
  • Violin Concerto in D Major (1806) (p. 288)
    • I. Allegro ma non troppo (Concerto form; 7-part Rondo Form ABACABA
    • II. Larghetto (Variation form)
    • III. Allegro (Rondo form)
slide13

The Classical Sonata . . . An instrumental work written for one or two instruments, consisting of 3 or 4 contrasting movements. The movements followed the basic same multi-movement structure as the symphony, string quartet and concerto.

  • Written for either for a solo instrument (piano) or for a duo (violin and piano—equal partners with an equal say)
  • Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven wrote music influenced by the Turkish Janissary or military band. (Mozart’s Rondo alla Turca)
  • Beethoven’s Pathetique
mozart s piano sonata in a major k 331
Mozart’s Piano Sonata in A major, K. 331
  • 1783
  • 3 movements, but acts like a four-movement work without the first movement
  • Third Movement
    • Rondo form
    • Influence of the Turkish Janissary band (p. 294)
beethoven s pathetique op 13
Beethoven’s Pathetique, Op. 13
  • One of the most famous
  • Pathos
  • 1798
  • Three movements
    • I. Grave, Allegro di molto e con brio
        • Sonata-allegro form
    • II. Adagio cantabile (ABACA)
    • III. Rondo (ABACABA)
sacred choral music
Sacred Choral Music
  • Mass (church music)
  • Requiem Mass (church music)
  • Oratorio – Large-scale dramatic work, of a religious nature, performed by solo voices, chorus and orchestra; no costumes, acting or scenery
haydn s the creation
Haydn’s The Creation
  • From Genesis and Milton’s Paradise Lost
  • Recitatives, solos and ensemble numbers are assigned to three archangels – Gabriel, Uriel, and Raphael, and to Adam and Eve
  • (Description on p. 303)