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MRI ’ s climate activities. Kenichiro Yamaguchi Senior Staff Researcher, MRI New Delhi, October, 2002. What is MRI?. A Japanese private think tank established in 1970, with a wide variety of activities Has 14 years ’ experience on climate-related research, since 1988 Toronto conference

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mri s climate activities

MRI’s climate activities

Kenichiro Yamaguchi

Senior Staff Researcher, MRI

New Delhi, October, 2002

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

what is mri
What is MRI?
  • A Japanese private think tank established in 1970, with a wide variety of activities
  • Has 14 years’ experience on climate-related research, since 1988 Toronto conference
  • Has the largest research staff among the Japanese think tanks
  • Has worked closely with both the Japanese government and industry on this issue
  • Is involved in the internal discussions within Keidanren, and has wide network in Japanese business
  • Able to introduce suitable contacts to foreign counterparts

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

mri s recent climate related activities
MRI’s recent climate-related activities
  • Activities to explore and forecast the “carbon-constrained world”
    • Carbon Offset Initiative
    • JEMS (Japan Emissions Management Simulation)
    • Cooperation with UNIDO
  • Strategic consulting on corporate climate policy

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

mri carbon offset initiative
MRI Carbon Offset Initiative
  • Find and evaluate commercially viable projects that result in emission reduction
  • Explore opportunities to expand businesses related to credit trading
  • Eventually set up a pilot system to assess, trade and verify credits from such projects through “learning-by-doing”process

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

outline of coi
Outline of COI

Project identification

Information / analysis

Analysis of business opportunities

  • Decision making support
  • In-depth feasibility study
  • Implementation support
  • Business development consulting

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

project identification
Project Identification

Credit Transfer

Clients

HFC、PFC、SF6

N2O

  • MRI
  • Expertise in climate issues
  • Contact
  • Consulting experience
  • E
  • C
  • C

Methane

Carbon sinks

  • Carbon emission reduction
  • Efficiency improvement
  • Fuel switching
  • Renewables

host country organizations

host country government

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

unido mri cooperation
UNIDO-MRI cooperation
  • New initiative to push the climate agenda forward
    • Identifying projects in the ASEAN area
    • Cooperating with the Japanese private sector in implementing the projects
    • Utilizing international and Japanese funding opportunities
    • Developing JI/CDM assessment methodologies
    • Workshop in Tokyo (June, 2002)

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

why reduction in japan is difficult even though every country says the same thing

Why reduction in Japan is difficult(Even though every country says the same thing…)

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

japan s emission profile
Japan’s emission profile
  • Has to decrease emissions by 6%
  • So far it has increased by about 7%
  • Without measures, it will increase by another 10%
  • Decrease in 1997-98 mainly due to recession

Data from the government of Japan

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

japan s unique situation even though every country is unique
Japan’s unique situation(Even though every country is unique…)

GHG Emissions 1999

  • Already energy-efficient
  • Already afforested (>60%)
  • Few non-CO2 measures (waste, pasture, aluminum)
  • EU’s closer links with Eastern Europe
  • Australia…a great deal under Kyoto
  • Canada…very tough, but will it ratify?

Data from the governments

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

reason 1 kyoto looks easy on paper
Reason 1: Kyoto looks easy on paper

Data from International Energy Outlook 2001

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

but would it really be easy
…but would it really be easy?
  • Implication of Marrakech
  • Eligibility to participate in Kyoto Mechanisms will be scrutinized…
    • Scrutiny on source inventory
    • Submission on sinks inventory
    • National systems
    • Assigned amount
  • Casts doubt on the availability of AAU/ERUs from FSU

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

scheme of projects
Scheme of projects

ERU

Japanese government

Host government

(MOU)

SPC

register

account

Equity

approval

equity

document

data

Investor

finance

return

Project company

DOE (CDM)

Equity (CF)

export credit

verification

validation

Debt

return

loan

request for CER issuance

Bank

return

Debt (CF)

EB Registry

CDM

CER

Exim

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.

current activities
Current activities
  • Identification of projects
    • Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America
  • Formulation of scheme
    • Pre-payment of CER/ERU finance and risk coverage
  • Organizing a financing scheme
  • Expressing the needs of private sector

Mitsubishi Research Institute Inc.