Paragraph 1.5 Living together
Communal property • In Drenthe they found a canoe in 1955. • It was used 9600 yearsagotohuntandfish! • It was made from a tree trunk. • It was communal property; usedby the wholetribe. • Everyone was equal.
Status and power • No difference in status (respect) betweenpeople. • Allgravegoodswere the same, soequal! • Sometimes a person had more gravegoods: • Boar’stusk, beads (everzwijn hoektand + kralen) • This was a chieftain. (stamhoofd)
Most tribes • Most tribemembers are equal • No big differences in power. • There is a chieftain, but his power is limited. • They make dicisionstogether.
More inequality • Whenhunter-gatherersbecame farmers they had more possessions. • They had more room and time to collect things. • Theycouldexpandtheirherds of cattle. • Theycouldselltheir tools, or have more harvest.
Social relations • Sotherewerebiggerdifferencesbetween farmers: richandpoor. • Their graves werealso different. • Richpeoplewereburiedwith more gravegoods. • Rich farmers became more important, with more status. • Social relations were different.
More complicated • Living in a village was more complicatedthan in a group of nomads. • More inequality! • More jealousyandconflicts! • More agreements had tobe made, with more people.
Under attack • Sometimes a village was under attack fromoutsideattackers. • Theywould built earthenembankments (dijken) or wallsaround the village.