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AN INTRODUCTION TO TAXONOMY: THE BACTERIA. CHAPTER 9. Taxonomy. Definition Binomial Nomenclature Strains. Escherichia coli. species vs strains. Classification Hierarchy. Tools of Taxonomy. Dichotomous keys. 5 Kingdom Classification. Whittaker. Kingdom Monera. Kingdom Monera.

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Presentation Transcript
taxonomy
Taxonomy
  • Definition
  • Binomial Nomenclature
  • Strains

Escherichia coli

species vs strains

tools of taxonomy
Tools of Taxonomy
  • Dichotomous keys
kingdom monera
Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Monera
kingdom fungi
Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Fungi
3 domain classification
3 Domain Classification
  • Bacteria
  • Archaea
  • Eukarya
evolution
Evolution
  • “Tree” versus “Shrub”
  • Lateral gene transfer
virus classification
Virus Classification
  • No Kingdoms
  • Classification characteristics
    • Morphology
taxonomic methods
Taxonomic Methods
  • Numerical Taxonomy
  • Genetic Homology
  • Protein sequencing

# of traits in common

10% rule

taxonomic methods1
Taxonomic Methods
  • Ribosomal gene sequencing
  • Immunology
  • Phage typing
2 d gels
2 D gels

size

charge

bacterial taxonomy
Classification

Identification

Bacterial Taxonomy

Growth, cell wall,

biochemistry, physiology,

molecular analysis,

nutritional reqs,

Determination of genus and species