Perspectives of the NECD-revision towards reporting and projection obligations for EU Member States and the EU TFEIP, 12-13 June 2006, Amersfoort Eduard Dame DG ENV,Unit C5
New Unit DG ENV C5Energy & Environment Mission • Connect and integrate energy and environment policies • Deliver projections, scenario’s, CBA’s on atmospheric emissions for IA’s related to legislative proposals and communications • Responsible for the implementation and the revision of the National Emission Ceilings Directive Staff • Head of Unit ff: Matti Vainio • Staff members (in alphabetical order): Scott Brockett, Eduard Dame, Jacques Delsalle, Erik Tang, Stefaan Vergote. Andre Zuber ?, ?, ? • Secretary: Sarah Asmanis de Schacht
NECD - Work plan • Realistically, directive proposal in summer 2007 • Some studies are still ongoing • Modelling work to start after new baseline has been developed – deadline September 2006
First outlines • 2020 new target year for emission ceilings (role of interim year 2015 still under discussion) • Ceilings in accordance with objectives of Thematic Strategy • Ceilings for SO2, NOx, VOC, NH3 and Primary PM2.5 • No ceilings for methane (first wait for results from CLTRAP TF on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution) • Stronger focus on emission inventories and projections while using comitology
Existing NECD – Article 8 • National emission inventories and emission projections (for 2010) yearly by the Member States. • Member States shall use the methodologies in Annex III of NECD • Any updating of the methodologies to be used in accordance with Annex III shall be made in accordance with the procedure set out in Article 13(2). Article 13(2) is about comitology.
Existing NECD – Annex III Methodologies for emission inventories and projections Member States shall establish emission inventories and projections using the methodologies agreed upon by the CLTRAP and are requested to use the joint EMEP/Corinair guidebook in preparing these inventories and projections
Existing NECD – National programmes • In 2002 and 2006 MS shall draw up programmes for the progressive reduction with the aim to respect the emission ceilings by 2010 at the latest. The programmes shall include information on adopted and envisaged policies and measures and their quantified effects. • The Commission issued the ‘Recommendations on developing and reporting national programmes under the NECD’ at 7 April 2006. • Deadlines 1 October 2006, deadline for receival by Commission is 31 December 2006 • After translation a Contractor will analyze the programmes to check completeness, consistency and exceedance of ceilings. The contractor will also advise the Commission on the effectiveness of the instrument ‘national progammes’
Areas and means for further improvement of emission reporting ……………………
General area’s for improvement • Reporting is not timely and complete • There is a mix of electronic and paper-based reporting • Too many ways to report information (Cion, CDR, EMEP, EIONET, CLTRAP) • Inconsistencies between reporting obligations and deadlines under CLRTAP, NECD and GHG monitoring decision • No consistent information in national plans (AQ FWD) and national programmes (NECD) and National Communications (UNFCCC) • Insufficient review under LRTAP or NECD • NECD refers to the CLTRAP methodologies and so Community law is ‘automatically modified’ when the Convention updates reporting guidelines • Slight differences between NECD and CLTRAP emissions (inland shipping and aviation, probably best left to NECD-revison)
Means to improve ……………….. Legal arrangements • Detailed reporting requirements should be specified in implementing provisions, by comitology • Align reporting dates • Request national inventory reports to enable regular review process, to be set up under NECD • Consistency in the guidance for reporting projections and national plans and programmes under AQ FWD, NEC, and CLTRAP will result in more transparency and consistency of the information given by the Member States
Means to improve ……………….. Institutional arrangements • Future emission reporting will follow INSPIRE principles, which means that MS are responsible for the overall data quality, but the EEA would undertake some evaluation of the data quality. • EEA will handle all technical aspects of air emission reporting and data exchange under NECD: receival, completeness check, evaluation of data quality, prepare Community report. • JRC will continue to provide technical support and coordination in Community wide guidance for emission inventories and follow scientific progress in methodologies. • Other arrangement: report in English, French or German.
Revision of EMEP/Corinair Guidebook • A complete and up to date EMEP/CORINAIR guidebook is very important both for the implementation of the current National Emission Ceilings Directive as well as for the adoption of the proposal for the revised NEC Directive • Close cooperation between DG ENV- EEA and CLTRAP bodies • Work burden mainly for external contractor and funded by European Commission • Work plan to be presented at TFEIP in October 2006 • Final approval by EB December 2008 and Council by comitology • EEA will edit and host guidebook at their website
Revision of GuidebookFunctions Two functions: • Outlines the requirements for minimum quality to support countries in complying emission inventories complying with legal obligations • Supports continuous improvement of inventories Both functions are important. However, from a legal perspective the first is more important than the second. Most probably there is a need to separate the information needed for each function.
Revision of GuidebookStructure • A way to meet the guidebook’s objective and the key functions is to develop a systematically tiered structure and separate textual information from numerical information • The numerical information could be placed in an EFDB providing several values of default emission factors related to ranges of process conditions and abatement technologies. • Pilot for EFDB is implemented under the work plan of ETC ACCC • Use of the EFDB also has aspects related to adoption of the Guidebook that needs to be addressed
Revision of Guidebook Coverage • Complementary to 2006 IPPC Guidelines • Chapters on Good practice • Methodological choice, inventory strategy and key source analysis • Data collection issues • QA/QC • Uncertainties • Time series consistency • Inventory improvement programmes • Projections • Spatial emission inventories (50x50 km) • Measurement methodologies and standardized approach guidance • Coverage of all CLTRAP and NECD pollutants, including PM2.5 • Coverage of all source categories as defined in LTRAP reporting Guidelines (NFR)
Revision of Guidebook Sectoral updates General: • The update should be based on existing knowledge laid down in recent and reports or available from experts. This means that no additional research by the contractor will be needed. Already ongoing: • Emission factors for PM2.5 (AEAT) In pipeline: • European database for stocks of all types of vehicles Specific sectors: • Combustion and industry • Transport, in particular off-road sources • Agriculture and nature
Revision of Guidebook Proces • Proposal will be discussed at the TFEIP/EIONET meeting in November 2006 • Project will be made in close collaboration with TFEIP, and TFEIP will review the ”new guidebook” befor adoption in 2008
END TFEIP, 12-13 June 2006, Amersfoort Eduard Dame DG ENV,Unit C5