a gathering of voices beginnings 1750 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
A Gathering of Voices : beginnings—1750 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
A Gathering of Voices : beginnings—1750

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

A Gathering of Voices : beginnings—1750 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

A Gathering of Voices : beginnings—1750. Unit 1 American Beginnings. What are the Roots of American Literature?. Historical Background. Native Americans Had been on continent 30x longer than Europeans Approximately 25 million lived in North America upon Columbus’ arrival in 1492

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A Gathering of Voices : beginnings—1750' - dafydd

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
historical background
Historical Background

Native Americans

  • Had been on continent 30x longer than Europeans
  • Approximately 25 million lived in North America upon Columbus’ arrival in 1492
  • Lifestyle is still mysterious due to lack of written records
literature of the period
Literature of the Period

Native Americans

  • Myths, folktales, songs
  • Myths vary across tribes, yet one common theme has emerged: deep respect for Mother Nature & creation stories
  • Oral tradition: story is alive, changing and growing with each retelling
historical background1
Historical Background

Spanish Explorers

  • Columbus, trying to reach Asia, landed in the Bahamas in 1492
  • Age of Spanish exploration throughout North America, Mexico, and South America
  • Catholic missionaries attempted to convert natives to the faith—often ending in violent death
historical background2
Historical Background

English Settlers

  • Failed colonies of Roanoke
  • Jamestown, 1608
literature of the period1
Literature of the Period


  • Personal narratives, journals, official reports, legends, letters, travel logs
historical background3
Historical Background

Pilgrims / Puritans

  • Religious reformers who wanted to “purify” the Church of England from within
  • 1620: arrived at Plymouth Rock on the Mayflower
  • Wanted to establish a “city on the hill,” a community guided in all ways by the Bible
  • Government = theocracy (God centered)
literature of the period2
Literature of the Period


  • Writings are dominated by religion
  • Hymns, theological studies, salvation tracks, histories, biographies
  • Poetry was written, but focus was on content over form
  • Laws actually passed that outlawed fiction, plays, and other forms of reading for ‘entertainment’
historical background4
Historical Background


  • Brought forcibly by the slave trade


  • Oral poetry, slave narratives, songs (spirituals)
  • Basically focused on the theme of slavery and struggle for freedom.
historical background5
Historical Background
  • Puritan Theology
    • Bible = literal word of God; sole expression of God’s will
    • Human exist to glorify God
    • Predestination = salvation/damnation already determined

Calvinism = TULIP

    • 1. Total Depravity - through Adam and Eve's fall, every person is born sinful - concept of Original Sin.
    • 2. Unconditional Election - God "saves" those he wishes - only a few are selected for salvation - concept of predestination.
    • 3. Limited Atonement - Jesus died for the chosen only, not for everyone.
    • 4. Irresistible Grace - God's grace is freely given, it cannot be earned or denied. Grace is defined as the saving and transfiguring power of God.
    • 5. Perseverance of the "saints" - those elected by God have full power to interpret the will of God, and to live uprightly. If anyone rejects grace after feeling its power in his life, he will be going against the will of God - something impossible in Puritanism.