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Regional workshop “EEA Core Set of Indicator for the West Balkan countries”. 11-12 December 2008 Skopje. ALBANIAN FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY. FILE PREKA . Country statistics – produced indicators. 2006 Air pollution ▪ Annually average values of SSM

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Regional workshop “EEA Core Set of Indicator for the West Balkan countries”


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    1. Regional workshop “EEA Core Set of Indicator for the West Balkan countries” 11-12 December 2008Skopje ALBANIAN FOREST AND ENVIRONMENTAL AGENCY FILE PREKA

    2. Country statistics – produced indicators 2006 Air pollution ▪ Annually average values of SSM ▪ Annually average values of PM10 ▪ Annually average values of SO2 ▪ Annually average values of NO2 ▪ Annually average values of Lead ▪ Annually average values of O3 ▪ Annually and monthly average values of dried sediment ▪ DATA SOURCE: PHI, AEF The Content of elements on the heavy metals, INP Radon monitoring in internal ambient in the air of soil and drinking water The noise monitoring during day and night

    3. 2008 BIODIVERSITY ▪ Threatened and protected vegetative species ▪ Types of species (BRI) ▪ Number of threatened types according to IUCN categories ▪ Types of plants protected by the EU Directives and Conventions and International instruments ▪ Monitoring of rare, threatened and endemic type habitats and their “ex situ” conservation in the Botanical Garden ▪ Vegetation of the low river beds and fresh water areas (hygrohygrohidrophyte ▪ The Fauna monitored by the Faculty of Natural Sciences ▪ Threatened and protected fauna species ▪ Designated areas ▪ Forests - Forest monitoring 2005 – 2007 (Monitored by the Agency of Environment and Forests) ▪ Monitoring of forest species at risk of extinction or threat: ▪ Monitoring the diversity of the forest ecosystems and habitats

    4. 2006 ▪ Biomonuments in Albania, monitoring of some of the odoriferous and medicinal plants in the southern and southeastern region and the sage situation in some southern and northern areas of the country ▪ Pastures BIODIVERSITY

    5. CLIMATE CHANGES ► CO2 GREEN HOUSE GAS EMISSIONS ► CH4 EMISSIONS 2005 – 2006 ► NO2 EMISSIONS 2005 – 2006 ►GES Emission in CO2 for 2005 ► GHG from economic sectors (CO2 equivalent) Fire woods used as fuel included in the energy sectors as for 2005 – 2006 Assessment of measures undertake until now to reduce green house effect gases based on Strategy and Energy Sector Action Plan, as the sector with the most influence in total GES in 2005 – 2006 years.

    6. Soil ●Degradation of soil - The landslide monitoring - The monitoring of erode soils in rivers side, sea and deposit of ingrained among overflow - The monitoring of ingrained deposit - The monitoring of quality and quantity solid bearer hanging in drain net and water of rivers - Monitoring of landslide Evaluation of soil indicators Monitoring of microbiological activity of agricultural soils ●Water quality for watering

    7. WASTE ■ Urban waste generation ■Waste generation in Sharra landfill ■Solid waste from mining industry

    8. WATERS □ □Oxygen-depleting substances in river □ Biochemical Oxygen Demand □ Content of total phosphorus in main rivers of Albania for period 2001-2007 □ The content of nitrite (mg/l) in main rivers of Albania for year 2005 □ Lake water quality □ The assessment of trophic condition of lagoons in Adriatic shoreline. □The quality of groundwater

    9. 2006 □ Surface water pollution from liquid urban discharges □ Chemical pollution indicators -Chemical Oxsigen Domand (COD) -Biochemical Oxsigen Domand (BOD5) -Nutrients – nitrogen compounds, NH4, NO2 and NO3 -Phosphor compounds, P- PO4 and P-total -Temperature, pH, salinity, disolve oxsigen, sospendit solids. □ Microbial pollution indicators Coliform fecal -E. Col Streptococci fecal –St. Fecal □ Dangerous substances indicators Pb, Hg, Cd, Ni

    10. ADDING 2008 INDICATORS ENERGY CSI – 027 Final energy consumption by sector CSI – 029 Primary energy consumption by fuel FISHERIES CSI – 034 Fishing fleet capacity CSI – 032 Status of marine stocks

    11. Tirana 1 Concentrationof TSP during 2005-2007 Concentrationof PM10 durin 2005-2007 Tirana 2 1000 Tirana 1 Tirana 3 Tirana 2 900 450 Tirana 3 Tirana 4 800 Tirana 4 400 Tirana 5 Tirana 5 700 Tirana 6 Tirana 6 Tirana 7 600 350 Shkoder Tirana 7 500 Elbasan 1 300 Shkoder Elbasan 2 400 Elbasan 3 Elbasan 1 300 250 Durres Fier Elbasan 2 200 Vlore 200 Elbasan 3 Korce 100 Norma Al 150 Durres 0 Norma BE 2005 2006 2007 Fier 100 Vlore 50 Korce Norma e AL 0 Norma e BE 2005 2006 2007 Series18 AIR POLLUTIONIndicators of air monitoring

    12. Annually average values of NO2 during 2005-2007 Annually average values of SO2 during 2005-2007 Tirana 1 Tirana 1 Tirana 2 Tirana 2 70 60 Tirana 3 Tirana 3 Tirana 4 Tirana 4 60 50 Tirana 5 Tirana 5 Tirana 6 Tirana 6 50 Tirana 7 Tirana 7 40 Shkodra Shkodra 40 Elbasani 1 Elbasani 1 30 Elbasani 2 Elbasani 2 30 Elbasani 3 Elbasani 3 20 Durrësi Durrësi 20 Fieri Fieri 10 Vlora Vlora 10 Korça Korça 0 Norma Shqiptare 0 Norma Shqiptare 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 Norma BE Norma BE Annually average values of SO2 during 2005-2007 Annually average values of NO2 during 2005-2007

    13. . Annually average values of O3 during 2005-2007 ually average values of O3 during 2005-2007 Tirana 1 Tirana 2 140 Tirana 3 Tirana 4 120 Tirana 5 Tirana 6 100 Tirana 7 Shkodra 80 Elbasani 1 Elbasani 2 60 Elbasani 3 40 Durrësi Fieri 20 Vlora Korça 0 Norma Shqiptare 2005 2006 2007 Norma BE Annually average values of Lead during 2005-2007(IHP, AEF)

    14. Tirana 400 Durrësi 350 350 350 350 Fieri 316 308 300 Elbasani Shkodra 250 205 200 Librazhd 200 193 200 200 Pukë 150 129 Shkodër Q 70 Sarandë 72 100 59 64 41.4 58 Vl. Limite vjetore AL 47 59 50 33 39 35 Vl. Limite vjetore BE 0 2005 2006 2007 Annually average values of Dried sediment International Reporting abligation: Data flow LRTAP EoI data Manthly and samer ozone data Rilatrd indicators EEA CSI 001 Emissions of acidifying substances CSI 002 Emissions of ozone precursors CSI 004 Exceedance of air quality limit values in urban areas CSI 005 Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone

    15. Noises Legal basis for data collection- DCM No 103, date 31.3.2002 “ On environmental monitoring in Republic of Albania” chapter III, B- data exchange Data sources- Institute of Public Health Temporal coverage- Annual Methodology for indicator calculation Methodology for noises is according to EU directives and WHO. * Directive 2002/49/EC, 25 june 2002 * ISO 1996-2: 1987, * Guideline of European Community on Noises, WHO ROD obligation- No Any other international reporting obligation- No

    16. biodiversitetY Threatened and protected vegetative species ●Data sources: Nature –Scientific Faculty (Botanic Garden) Number of threatened types according to IUCN categories ● Data sources: Biological –Research Institute Types of plants protected by the EU Directive and Conventions and international instruments ● Data sources: Biological –Research Institute Monitoring of rare threatened and endemic type habitats and their ‘’exsitu’’ conservation in Botanical GardenData sources: ● ● ● Nature –Scientific Faculty (Botanic Garden) Vegetation of the low river beds and fresh water areas ● Data sources: Nature –Scientific Faculty (Botanic Garden) Fauna Monitoring ● Data sources: Nature –Scientific Faculty ( Museum of Nature and Science) Legal basis for data collection: DCM No.103 dated 31.03.2002 “ On environment monitoring of Albania Republic Temporal coverage : 1 years Methodology for indicator calculation: From monitoring expeditions

    17. Threatened and protected fauna species • Legal basis for data collection: DCM No.103 dated 31.03.2002 “ On environment monitoring of Albania Republic • Data sources: Nature –Scientific Faculty ( Museum of Nature and Science) • Temporal coverage : 1 years • Methodology for indicator calculation: From monitoring expeditions.

    18. Protected Areas • Legal basis for data collection: LAW No. 9868 dated 04.02.2008 “On protected Areas ; DCM No. 676 dated 20.12.2002 “ On approval of bio monuments in the protected areas;DCM No.266 dated 24.04.2003 “On administration of protected areas” • Data sources: MoEFWA • Temporal coverage : 3 years • Methodology for indicator calculation: From monitoring expeditions.

    19. Monitoring the diversity of the forest ecosystems and habitats • Legal basis for data collection: DCM No.103 dated 31.03.2002 “ On environment monitoring of Albania Republic • Data sources: MoEFW, AEF • Temporal coverage : 1 years Methodology for indicator calculation: From monitoring expedition

    20. Climate ChangeGraph CO2 Gas Emissions CH4 Gas Emissions NO2 Emissions GES Emissions in CO2

    21. Legal basis for data collection- DCM No 103, date 31.3.2002 “ On environmental monitoring in Republic of Albania” chapter III, B- data exchange Data sources- Institute of Statistics Temporal coverage- Annual Methodology for indicator calculation Methodology for climate change is according to Integrated Pollution Prevention Control (IPPC) directive. ROD obligation- No Any other international reporting obligation- United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). Climate change International Reportinabligation Data fow UNFCC E U G H G Related Inicators EEA CSI 006 - Production and consumption of ozone depleting substances CSI 010 - Greenhouse gas emission trends CSI 011 - Greenhouse gas emission projections

    22. Municipal waste generationGraph

    23. Legal basis for data collection Law no 8934 date 5.9.2002 “ On environmental protection” , article 55 Law no 9890 date 20.3.2008 “ On amendments of the Law no 8934 date 5.9.2002 “ On environmental protection”, article 6. Law no 9010 date 13.2.2003 “On environmental management of solid waste’ article 30 • Temporal coverage Annual • Data sources Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunication • Methodology for indicator calculation Amount of waste is measured in tonnes unit. • ROD obligation Yes. Questionnaire on contaminatedsoil of EnvironmentalEuropeanAgency. • Any other international reporting obligation Basel Convention on hazardous waste

    24. Microbiological monitoring of bathing waters is accomplished based on analysis of large number of samples taken in national sampling sites. The samples are analyzed for the presence of two microorganisms, indicators of fecal pollution: Fecal Coliform (FC) (ISO 9803) and EnterococcusIntestinalis (Streptococcus FecalisFS) based on membrane method, in specific terrain (ISO7899-2). Every sampling site is chosen taking into consideration the most exploited and use areas of beaches. Value of FC 50-90 in Durres beach The quality of bathing waters Values of FS 50-90 in Durres beach

    25. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Value of FC in Kavaja Beach Values ofFS 50-90 in Kavaja beach

    26. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Velipoja beach Values ofFS 50-90 in Velipoja beach Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes

    27. Values ofFC 50-90 in Shengjin beach Values ofFS 50-90 in Shengjini beach

    28. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Vlora beach Values ofFS 50-90 in Vlora beach

    29. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Dhermi beach Values ofFS 50-90 in Dhermi beach Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Himara beach

    30. Values ofFS 50-90 in Himara beach Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Borsh beach

    31. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes Values ofFC 50-90 in Saranda beach

    32. Legal basis for data collection: Data source: Public Health Institute Temporal coverage: from 2005 to 2007 Methodology for indicator calculation: international (ISO7899-2) ROD obligation: yes

    33. Water International Reportinabligation Data fow EWN1: River quality EWN2: Lake quality EWN3: Ground Water quality ME1: Marine data Related Inicators EEA CSI 019 - Oxygen consuming substances in rivers CSI 020 - Nutrients in freshwater CSI 021 - Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine waters CSI 023 - Chlorophyll in transitional, coastal and marine water

    34. UNPRODUCED INDICATORS CSI – 026 - Area under organic farming CSI – 025 - Gross nutrient balance CSI – 033 - Aquaculture production CSI – 036 - Freight transport demand CSI – 035 - Passenger transport demand Data exist, but it is very difficult to have them. Responsible Institute do not perform the duties for national level reporting The DCM on monitoring does not clarify specify the country’s international obligations when it comes to monitoring and reporting on each issue, and which of ministries have the responsibility to fulfill the tasks

    35. CSI – 012 Global and European temperature CSI – 014 Land take Cause of lack of necessary equipments and staff training CSI – 031 Renewable electricity CSI – 030 Renewable primary energy consumption CSI – 028 Total energy intensity CSI – 017 Generation on recycling on packaging waste The activities produced by these indicators are not yet developed at our country

    36. EEA CSI – 014 LAND TAKE Land use  At framework of CLS Project 2006 (Corim – Land – Cover) October 2006 – December 2007 The Institution: Agriculture Technology Transfer Center at Fushë – Kruja Coordinator: VangjelKovaçi(At nowdays Geo – Science Institute) Until now in collaboration with GEOVILA centered in Izbruk, Austria is prepared the final document which after it can be confirmed The land cover data as for 2000 year associated with appropriate database will be in disposition of Albanian Government after december 15/2008

    37. soil Soil degradation. !. The landslide monitoring. 1.It’s not shown graphs way because landslides extracting indicators is based on factors which cause it. 2.Legal base. Act no. 9244 date 17.06.2004 “Agriculture land protecting” 3.Information source, ATTC. Fush – Kruje 4.Duration 1 year. 5.Methodology. Parcel of land Reperisation with relsative elevation. 2.The monitoring of erode soils in rivers,sea and depositt of ingrained among overfllow

    38. 2.Legal base Act no. 9244 date 17.06.2004 “Agricultural land protecting” 3.Information source. ATTC FushKruje. 4.Duration 1 year. 5.Used methodology, general equation of soil lose(USLE). The monitoring of quality and quantity solid bearer hanging in drain net and water of rivers Assessment and graphs show of rivers Rivers amount flow graph show for April Amount flow as for January – April 2007 – December 2007 time period Legal base Act no.9244 date 17.06.2004 “Agricultural land protecting” 3. Information source . ATTC Fush Kruje. 4.Duration 1 year. 5.Used methodology, based on daily and annualy amount river flow average

    39. Water quality for watering LEGAL BASE Act no. 9108, date17.07.2003 “Substances and chemicalpreaparates Act no. 9244 data 17.06.2004 “Agricultural land protecting” 3.Information source. ACTT Fush Kruje. 4.Duration 1 year. 5.Used Methodology. Achemical analyse in lab as well other indicators as the taste, color, aroma, temperature, pH etc.

    40. THANK YOU FOR YOU ATTENTION