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World War II (1939-1945)

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World War II (1939-1945). Dictator - a ruler who has complete power over a country Isolationist - country who wants to stay out of the affairs of other countries P.O.W .- Prisoner of war

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Presentation Transcript
vocabulary
Dictator- a ruler who has complete power over a country

Isolationist- country who wants to stay out of the affairs of other countries

P.O.W.- Prisoner of war

Nazi- claimed German nation represented most racially pure people. Jewish nation was greatest threat to German race.

Vocabulary
start of wwii
Start of WWII
  • September 1, 1939, Germany invades Poland.
  • Hitler (Germany) was trying to take back land they lost to Poland after WWI.
  • France and Great Britain declare war on Germany on September 3, 1939.
pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor
  • American naval base in Hawaii in which Japan launched a surprise attack on
  • December 7, 1941
  • More than 3,400 people died or suffered wounds in the attack.
  • The attack brought the U.S. into World War II.
axis powers
Axis Powers
  • Germany, Italy, and Japan
hideki tojo
Prime Minister of Japan who ordered to go to war and attack Pearl Harbor.

Was executed for his responsibility in Japan’s war crimes.

Hideki Tojo
allied powers
Allied Powers
  • U.S., Great Britain, France, Russia, and China
franklin delano roosevelt fdr
President of the U.S. during WWII.

32nd President of the U.S.

Only president to serve more than two terms in office.

Elected to four terms, but passed away in the first year of fourth term.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
22 nd amendment 1951
22nd Amendment (1951)
  • Set the term limits for the President of U.S.
  • Can serve no more than 2 terms and no more than 10 years total.
texans in wwii
Texans in WWII
  • More than 750,000 Texans served in war including 12,000 women.
  • 22,000 Texans died
  • 40 P.O.W. camps with more than 50,000 prisoners - more than any other state
  • 15 major military bases and 40 airfields.
  • Naval flight-training base in Corpus Christi was the largest in the world.
  • Texans at home rationed (cut back) items such as food, shoes, and gasoline to support American soldiers.
doris dorie miller
Born in Waco, TX

First African American hero of WWII.

Sailor on the U.S.S. West Virginia at Pearl Harbor.

Fired at the Japanese aircrafts as they attacked Pearl Harbor until his ship sunk.

Was later killed in action.

Doris (Dorie) Miller
oveta culp hobby
Born in Killeen, TX

Was the organizer and first commander of the Women’s Army Corps.

Women’s Army Corps- Put women in positions to serve in the Army.

Oveta Culp Hobby
chester nimitz
Born in Fredericksburg, TX

Commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet.

In 1942, he led the Allies to victories in the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway.

Chester Nimitz
audie murphy
Born in Farmersville, TX

Most decorated soldier in WWII with 33 awards.

Received every U.S. medal awarded for personal bravery.

Audie Murphy
dwight d eisenhower
Born in Denison, TX

Supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe.

Under his command, the Allies successfully invaded France on D-day in June 1944. His forces defeated Germany.

Dwight D. Eisenhower
d day
D-Day
  • Turning point of war.
  • Marked the beginning of the Allied invasion of western Europe.
  • The Allies invaded German occupied France on June 6, 1944, along the beaches of Normandy, France.
u s s texas
Was the only U.S. battleship to serve in both WWI and WWII and that still survives today.

It is located in the port of the San Jacinto Monument and became a historic landmark.

U.S.S. Texas
hiroshima
U.S. dropped a nuclear bomb “Little Boy” on August 6, 1945, on the city of Hiroshima in Japan.

Killed over 100,000 people over a few months.

Hiroshima
atomic bomb video
Atomic Bomb Video
  • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-6974472576991137411#
nagasaki
Nagasaki
  • U.S. dropped the second nuclear bomb “Fat Man” on the city of Nagasaki in Japan on August 9, 1945.
  • Killed between 60,000-80,000.
  • Japan surrendered 6 days later to the Allies.
wwii over
WWII Over
  • Ended on September 2, 1945, with Japan signing surrender on the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
  • Over 22-25 million soldiers killed.
  • Between 60-70 million people killed during WWII.
texas after wwii
Texas after WWII
  • Many Texansmoved from rural areas to cities (urban) during the war to take industrial jobs.
  • People from other countries and states and soldiers returning from the war also moved to cities in Texas.
  • TX changed from a rural state to an urban society.
  • The TX economy used to be dominated by farming and oil.
  • TX started to change to large industries.