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The Phoenicians and the Lydians. Mrs. Miroff Brookwood Middle School. The Phoenicians. Phoenicia was located towards the lower half of the Fertile Crescent. They had little fertile land, so they spent much time trading on the sea.

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the phoenicians and the lydians

The Phoenicians and the Lydians

Mrs. Miroff

Brookwood Middle School

the phoenicians
The Phoenicians
  • Phoenicia was located towards the lower half of the Fertile Crescent.
  • They had little fertile land, so they spent much time trading on the sea.
  • The Phoenician seaports of Tyre and Sidon became world famous.
phoenician trade
Phoenician Trade
  • They sailed in ships that today would seem small and frail, but their sailors were highly skilled.
lumber
Lumber
  • The Phoenicians had a very important resource—lumber.
  • The mountains around Phoencia had beautiful forests with lots of huge cedar trees.
  • Many ancient people used this lumber for building.
phoenician culture
Phoenician Culture
  • They imitated cultures of other people.
  • Their government resembled that of the Egyptians.
  • They believed in an afterlife, but their efforts in worship were focused on winning the favor of one of the many gods they worshipped.
the alphabet
The Alphabet
  • The Phoenicians developed the alphabet that became the model for Western alphabets.
  • They used writing in their businesses to draw up contracts and record bills.
  • The English language today is based on the Phoenician alphabet.
the lydians
The Lydians
  • The Lydians lived where modern-day Turkey is located.
  • They were the first people to use coined money.
  • They began issuing small kidney-bean-shaped pieces of money made out of a mixture of gold and silver.
  • They developed a money economy.