New Imperialism. What does this image imply about what Imperialism may be?. Imperialism is …. Building an empire by dominating other countries. There are 4 M.A.I.N. reasons for imperialism. M. Markets for Goods. Q: Why do Europeans have so many good to sell?
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What does this image imply about what Imperialism may be?
Building an empire by dominating other countries
Q: Why do Europeans have so many good to sell?
Ind. Rev. leads to new products
Q: Why do Europeans need resources?
Need raw materials to make products (rubber, oil, tin)
Q: Other moments in history ppl used this as a justification??
Q: Why would this make countries want an empire?
Q: How does this parallel German unification?
White Man’s Burden
Q: What is a colony?
Settlement ruled directly by a mother country
EX: Somaliland in E. Africa, FR colony
Q: What is a protectorate?
Country whose policies are guided by a foreign country
NOT directly ruled
EX: Niger River Delta, GBColonyProtectorate
Q: What is a sphere of influence?
When one country has trading rights in another place
(think of street gangs & its turf)
EX: Liberia under sphere of influence by US
- How would Social Darwinism have been used by the African slave traders or the Spanish
explorers? Does this theory justify their actions? Is it a valid argument today?
“All the great nations in the fullness of their strength have the desire to set their mark upon barbarian lands & those who fail to participate in this great rivalry will play a pitiable role in time to come” - German historian
“The path to progress is strewn with the wrecks of nations; traces are everywhere to be seen of the [slaughtered remains] of inferior races. Yet these dead people are, in very truth, the stepping stones on which mankind has arisen to the higher intellectual & deeper emotional life of
today.” - British Prof., 1900
- Would you go? Why? THINK: if your parent was offered a job that made a million dollars a year, but you had to live in a developing country … would you want to go?
“Mr. President, the time calls for candor. The Philippines are ours forever. And just beyond the Philippines are China’s unlimited markets. We will not retreat from either. We will not abandon an opportunity in the Orient. We will not renounce our part in the mission of our race, trustee, under God, of the the civilization of the world. And we will move forward to our work … w/ gratitude for a task worthy of our strength, & thanksgiving to the Almighty God that he has marked us as His chosen people, henceforth to lead in the regeneration of the world.”
- Slow to create democratic institutions (whether indirect or direct rule)
- Colonial Powers: not eager to foster econ. development
Q: Have times changed? How? Why?
Direct: run by Europeans (when resistance)
EX: FR: Vietnam; GB: Burma
Indirect: govt. run by locals who work w/ Europeans (cooperation)
- Most tried to do this b/c easier access to natural resources
Goal: to develop future leaders
EX: GB: Indirect (later direct); Dutch East Indies (Dutch East India Co.)
Q: Why would an imperialist nation prefer one over thee other?
3. Cape Town: great wealth
Sought indirect rule
Boers: Guerrilla Tactics
4. Boer War (1899-1902)
Q: How would this lead to its decline? … food shortage
1. Guess: How do you think opium led to a war in China?
Q: Opium is highly addictive: any parallels to industries in US?
B. Rebellions in China