New Imperialism. Definition of Imperialism. A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and socially
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and socially
Take up the White Man's burden-Send for the best ye breed-Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives' need;To wait in heavy harness,On fluttered folk and wild-Your new-caught, sullen peoples,Half-devil and half-child.-Rudyard Kipling
Britain had managed to get some of the most valuable land in Africa.
The most important gain was Egypt because of the Suez Canal.
This provided a much quicker and safer route to India – the “Jewel in the Crown” of the British Empire.
Goal: Uninterrupted access from Niger River to the Nile to control all Saharan trade.
Creates tension between Britain and France.
FRENCH WEST AFRICA
FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA
** Assimilated Africans served in the lower levels of administration, saving the cost of bringing Europeans to Africa to fill their positions.
Germany did not enter the race for colonies until very late and, as a result, much of the land gained was not very valuable.
Despite this, Kaiser William II was determined that Germany should have a major empire.
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA
Failed in Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Even Belgium had an African colony – the Belgian Congo.
This was one of the reasons that Kaiser William II of Germany decided that his country must also have colonies.