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Appendix A Information Systems Hardware. Information Systems Today Why IS Matters Leonard Jessup Joseph Valacich. The three types of hardware devices are:. input, output, and processing. input, stationary, and output. input, output, and monitors. CPU, monitors, and processing.

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appendix a information systems hardware

Appendix AInformation Systems Hardware

Information Systems Today

Why IS Matters

Leonard Jessup

Joseph Valacich

the three types of hardware devices are
The three types of hardware devices are:
  • input, output, and processing.
  • input, stationary, and output.
  • input, output, and monitors.
  • CPU, monitors, and processing.
  • keyboards, monitors, and mice.
the three types of hardware devices are1
The three types of hardware devices are:
  • input, output, and processing.
  • input, stationary, and output.
  • input, output, and monitors.
  • CPU, monitors, and processing.
  • keyboards, monitors, and mice.

Input devices like keyboards, mice, light pens, scanners, bar code readers, and microphones are used to enter information. Processing devices transform inputs into outputs, and output devices like monitors and printers deliver the information in a usable format

the primary device used to input text and numbers is a
The primary device used to input text and numbers is a _______.
  • mouse
  • scanner
  • keyboard
  • touch pad
  • light pen
the primary device used to input text and numbers is a1
The primary device used to input text and numbers is a _______.
  • mouse
  • scanner
  • keyboard
  • touch pad
  • light pen

Keyboards are the primary device used to enter text and numbers into a computer

How do some of the other input devices operate? Compare your answers with your neighbors

an example of a pointing device is a
An example of a pointing device is a _______.
  • mouse
  • trackball
  • joystick
  • light pen
  • All of the above.
an example of a pointing device is a1
An example of a pointing device is a _______.
  • mouse
  • trackball
  • joystick
  • light pen
  • All of the above.

Pointing devices select items from menus, and are used to sketch, draw, or point. Another pointing device is a touch screen, where you use your finger to make selections from a computer screen

the design of computer work environments to minimize health risks is called
The design of computer work environments to minimize health risks is called:
  • ergonomics.
  • legal compliance.
  • repetitive stress injuries.
  • natural keyboard.
  • keyboard data entry.
the design of computer work environments to minimize health risks is called1
The design of computer work environments to minimize health risks is called:
  • ergonomics.
  • legal compliance.
  • repetitive stress injuries.
  • natural keyboard.
  • keyboard data entry.

Ergonomics is the science of designing both computer hardware and work environments to minimize health risks like repetitive stress injuries. This science has led to a number of design changes in desks, chairs, monitor size and angles, and keyboard heights and positions

what software converts handwritten text into computer based characters
What software converts handwritten text into computer-based characters?
  • Batch input
  • Scanners
  • Duplications
  • Text recognition software
  • OMR
what software converts handwritten text into computer based characters1
What software converts handwritten text into computer-based characters?
  • Batch input
  • Scanners
  • Duplications
  • Text recognition software
  • OMR

Text recognition software converts handwriting into characters that form the original letters and words. Scanners convert printed text and images into data, and are used routinely by organizations that process large batches of forms. Batch input is used when large amounts of routine data need to be entered

are scanners that are used to read and digitize hand printed characters
____ are scanners that are used to read and digitize hand-printed characters.
  • OMR
  • OCR
  • Bar code readers
  • MICR
  • Optical character readers
are scanners that are used to read and digitize hand printed characters1
____ are scanners that are used to read and digitize hand-printed characters.
  • OMR
  • OCR
  • Bar code readers
  • MICR
  • Optical character readers

Optical character recognition readers are used to read and digitize typewritten, computer-printed, and handwritten characters

What are these other scanners used for? Discuss them with your neighbor

the process that makes it possible for your computer to understand you speaking is
The process that makes it possible for your computer to understand you speaking is:
  • audio.
  • video.
  • MIDI.
  • voice input.
  • speech recognition.
the process that makes it possible for your computer to understand you speaking is1
The process that makes it possible for your computer to understand you speaking is:
  • audio.
  • video.
  • MIDI.
  • voice input.
  • speech recognition.

The two-step process known as speech recognition allows you to speak into a microphone connected to a speech recognition board installed in a computer or connected to a USB port. The words are digitized and displayed on the monitor

an example of an audio input device would be a n
An example of an audio input device would be a(n):
  • electronic keyboard.
  • smart card.
  • motherboard.
  • sound card.
  • Web cam.
an example of an audio input device would be a n1
An example of an audio input device would be a(n):
  • electronic keyboard.
  • smart card.
  • motherboard.
  • sound card.
  • Web cam.

Electronic keyboards and synthesizers are connected through a MIDI port and transfer sound to the computer for use by musicians composing music, audiologists, scientists studying sound, forensic scientists analyzing evidence, filmmakers, and record companies

eight binary digits equal a
Eight binary digits equal a ___.
  • bit
  • byte
  • exabyte
  • petabyte
  • brontobyte
eight binary digits equal a1
Eight binary digits equal a ___.
  • bit
  • byte
  • exabyte
  • petabyte
  • brontobyte

Binary code or digital data consists of data that has been converted to a series of 0s and 1s. Each individual 0 or 1 is a bit, and 8 bits equal a byte, about one typed character. Petabytes are one quadrillion bytes, exabytes are one quintillion bytes, and a brontobyte is one sextillion bytes

which of the following is a type of binary code
Which of the following is a type of binary code?
  • ASCII
  • Extended ASCII
  • EBCDIC
  • Unicode
  • All of the above.
which of the following is a type of binary code1
Which of the following is a type of binary code?
  • ASCII
  • Extended ASCII
  • EBCDIC
  • Unicode
  • All of the above.

These are all binary codes that are used to relay data and instructions to and from the CPU. Both of the first three use various eight-bit combinations in binary form. Unicode uses 16 bits to represent characters

the section s of the cpu are the
The section(s) of the CPU are the:
  • processing unit.
  • power supply and processor.
  • motherboard.
  • RAM and ROM memory.
  • ALU and control unit.
the section s of the cpu are the1
The section(s) of the CPU are the:
  • processing unit.
  • power supply and processor.
  • motherboard.
  • RAM and ROM memory.
  • ALU and control unit.

The arithmetic logic unit, which performs mathematics and logical operations, and the control unit, which fetches, decodes, retrieves, and stores, are the two main sections of the CPU. The CPU consists of millions of tiny transistors that allow it to interpret and manipulate input

the electronic circuit that generates pulses and set the pace for processing events is the
The electronic circuit that generates pulses and set the pace for processing events is the:
  • clock speed.
  • clock tick.
  • cache.
  • system clock.
  • microprocessor.
the electronic circuit that generates pulses and set the pace for processing events is the1
The electronic circuit that generates pulses and set the pace for processing events is the:
  • clock speed.
  • clock tick.
  • cache.
  • system clock.
  • microprocessor.

The electronic circuit is the system clock. A single pulse is a clock tick, and in a microcomputer the microprocessor’s clock speed is measured in hertz, usually as MHz or GHz

Do you have a computer? How fast is the clock speed?

the computer s main memory is
The computer’s main memory is:
  • SIMM.
  • RAM.
  • ROM.
  • EEPROM.
  • flash memory.
the computer s main memory is1
The computer’s main memory is:
  • SIMM.
  • RAM.
  • ROM.
  • EEPROM.
  • flash memory.

Random-access memory is the primary memory and stores the programs and data that are being used

What are these other choices and what do they do? Discuss these with your neighbor

secondary nonvolatile memory storage can be made on
Secondary nonvolatile memory storage can be made on:
  • hard disks.
  • CD-ROM.
  • DVD.
  • magnetic tapes.
  • All of the above.
secondary nonvolatile memory storage can be made on1
Secondary nonvolatile memory storage can be made on:
  • hard disks.
  • CD-ROM.
  • DVD.
  • magnetic tapes.
  • All of the above.

Other secondary memory storage devices include diskettes, magnetic tapes, and flash drives. Nonvolatile means that the data will not be lost when the computer is turned off

What is the difference between the types of primary and secondary storage? Discuss with your classmates

laser beam technology is used in what type of storage
Laser beam technology is used in what type of storage?
  • Zip drives
  • Magneto-Optical disks
  • Magnetic tapes
  • RAID
  • Flash drives
laser beam technology is used in what type of storage1
Laser beam technology is used in what type of storage?
  • Zip drives
  • Magneto-Optical disks
  • Magnetic tapes
  • RAID
  • Flash drives

Optical disks are coated with metallic substances, and written to with a laser beam, recording data packages which can be read by a laser scanning system. Optical disk storage includes MO disks, CDs, and DVDs

notebooks and portable computers use screens1
Notebooks and portable computers use ______ screens.
  • LCD
  • CRT
  • CPI
  • BPI
  • None of the above.

Notebook computer monitors use liquid crystal displays (LCD) or plasma screens as video output devices because cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors are too heavy and bulky

What are some other examples of output devices? Share your answers with you neighbor

the most powerful and expensive computers are
The most powerful and expensive computers are:
  • microcomputers.
  • mainframes.
  • supercomputers.
  • midrange computers.
  • network computers.
the most powerful and expensive computers are1
The most powerful and expensive computers are:
  • microcomputers.
  • mainframes.
  • supercomputers.
  • midrange computers.
  • network computers.

Supercomputers, which can cost millions of dollars, are usually used for scientific research and have the capability of solving massive computational problems. IBM’s “Big Blue” and “Blue Pacific” are two examples. The latter has 2.6 trillion bytes of memory, thousands of times more than personal computers

another name for a minicomputer is a
Another name for a minicomputer is a:
  • mainframe.
  • workstation.
  • microcomputer.
  • midrange computer.
  • network computer.
another name for a minicomputer is a1
Another name for a minicomputer is a:
  • mainframe.
  • workstation.
  • microcomputer.
  • midrange computer.
  • network computer.

Midrange computers, or minicomputers, are scaled-down versions of mainframes. They are integral parts of many midsized companies because they cost less than mainframes, but support hundreds of users simultaneously

notebooks that accept inputs from both an electronic pen or a keyboard are called
Notebooks that accept inputs from both an electronic pen or a keyboard are called:
  • tablet PCs.
  • handheld computers.
  • PDAs.
  • briefcase computers.
  • convertible computers.
notebooks that accept inputs from both an electronic pen or a keyboard are called1
Notebooks that accept inputs from both an electronic pen or a keyboard are called:
  • tablet PCs.
  • handheld computers.
  • PDAs.
  • briefcase computers.
  • microcomputers.

Tablet PCs accept input from both stylus and keyboard, and are either slate or convertible models. Slate tablets use styluses for data entry, and the convertible model operates like a regular notebook, and the display swivels to become a slate. Tablets support mobile professionals with wireless capabilities

handheld computers are also called
Handheld computers are also called:
  • tablet PCs
  • microcomputers
  • personal computers
  • PDAs
  • All of the above.
handheld computers are also called1
Handheld computers are also called:
  • tablet PCs
  • microcomputers
  • personal computers
  • PDAs
  • All of the above.

Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that allow the laptop and notebook to be left at home