Japanese pottery is the oldest in the world.Artifacts date to 12,000 years ago.
Jomon refers to the early textured vessels. Surface textures were made by: Cords Sticks Shells Pebbles Paddle tools
Katakani Calligraphy for Jomon
Contemporary Form based on early Jomon vessels.
Genroku dollsl in Old-Imari-ware From Arita-ware
3 Elements of Japanese Ceramics • Form • Body • Surface
Conflicting aesthetic concerns • Form and Surface • Medium and Method • Natural and Machine Made • Imperfect and Refined
Cha no yu The ritual drinking of tea in Japan has come to be known as a “Tea ceremony. Tea drinking came from Asian continent. At first it was molded into cakes. The advent of Zen in the late Kamakura period (1185 – 1392) changed the way tea was prepared and served.
Edo Period For the first time, people of different classes could come together to socialize. In Japan, there were 4 distinctive classes: 1. Samurai 2. Farmers 3. Artisans 4. Merchants
Origins The “tea” ceremony was begun by Samurai soldiers who gathered together to view the spoils of war - Fine art work, jewelry, & other valuables. These events became very raucous as brawls often occurred because many samurai drank alcohol, not tea.
Sen no Rikyu (1521-91) is the most famous tea master. He conceived of a tea ceremony as an intimate gathering of a few people in a small room to drink tea prepared by a host in front of them while they quietly discussed art work. Now, participants only drank tea. Tea leaves were crushed into a powder and whisked in bowls of hot water.
Setting was important. Every utensil connected with tea: water pot kettle bamboo spoon whisk tea caddy tea bowl were highly valued for their aesthetic qualities.
Japanese AestheticsTea Bowls: Chawan Most famous style of bowl is called Mount Fuji. It is a rustic and raku fired. During the time when Zen influenced the people, the early popular tea bowls were rustic ones used by farmers. Each one was considered an individual reflection of nature and unique.
Wabi One of Shuko’s disciples, Jo-o, introduced the concept of wabi. Both Shuko and Jo-o were Zen Buddhist monks. Wabi describes the tranquil state of mind that lacks personal ostentation (humbleness) and is reflective and aware of the aesthetics around you. It is that gentle calmness & concentration that occurs as you creatively respond to a material and creative process.
Paula Winokur Soup Site II Porcelain, 1983
Tea Bowl Shapes • Varied • Open and Closed • Round, Oval, Square, triangular, etc. • All have • Lip • Body • Foot (about 20% of the form)