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DO NOW. What is the function of the circulatory system? Why are organelles important to cells? Write the equation for photosynthesis: Write the equation for cellular respiration: Why must we “digest” food? (Think about permeability)

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do now
DO NOW
  • What is the function of the circulatory system?
  • Why are organelles important to cells?
  • Write the equation for photosynthesis:
  • Write the equation for cellular respiration:
  • Why must we “digest” food? (Think about permeability)
  • What is the feedback mechanism in plants that we talked about?
do now1
DO NOW
  • What is the function of the circulatory system?
    • Transport
  • Why are organelles important to cells?
    • Perform life functions
  • Write the equation for photosynthesis:
    • H2O + CO2 ---> C6H12O6 + O2
  • Write the equation for cellular respiration:
    • C6H12O6 + O2 ---> H2O + CO2 + ATP
  • Why must we “digest” food? (Think about permeability)
    • Only small molecules are permeable to membrane
  • What is the feedback mechanism in plants that we talked about?
    • Guard cell- allows gas exchange, regulates water loss
state lab 2 making connections

STATE LAB #2- Making Connections

19 Class Days til REGENTS!!

pulse rate
Pulse rate:
  • A pulse can be measured at the neck or wrist
  • Pulse rate indicates how fast the heart is pumping blood
  • We took our pulse at rest.
pulse after exercise
Pulse after exercise:
  • After exercise, we recorded our pulse again.
  • Pulse rate increases after exercise
  • Breathing rate, or how fast we breathe, also increased after exercise.
slide6
During exercise, cells need to use a lot of ATP energy.
  • In order to maintainhomeostasis, our body must do more cellular respiration to make more ATP.
  • ATP requires oxygen and glucose
slide7
Our heart beats faster to send blood to the cells with oxygen and glucose.
  • We breathe faster to get more O2 and to get rid of the carbon dioxide waste.
slide8
The respiratory and circulatory system work together to maintain homeostasis during exercise.
slide9
The increase of pulse rate and breathing rate is an example of a feedback mechanism.
  • Feedback mechanisms- one change that leads to another change in order to maintain homeostasis.
  • CHANGE- ATP lost
  • RESPONSE- Breathe faster, transport faster
  • CHANGE- ATP levels back to “normal”
  • RESPONSE- Breathe normal, pulse rate decreases
part 2 the clothespin
PART 2- The clothespin!
  • How does muscle fatigue affect performance?
  • 2 Trials:
  • Squeeze clothespin for 1 minute and count
  • Squeeze clothespin again for another minute.

Did you squeeze the pin more the first or second time?

slide11
“Warm up”- If you warm up and get the blood flowing, then you will be able squeeze more times.

“Rest first”- If you “waste” any energy you’ll be tired, and then squeeze the clothes pin less.

making connections
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

making connections1
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS:

making connections2
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VARIABLE:

making connections3
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VARIABLE: Exercise

DEPENDENT VARIABLE:

making connections4
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VARIABLE: Exercise

DEPENDENT VARIABLE: # of squeezes

Exper1mental Group:

making connections5
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VARIABLE: Exercise

DEPENDENT VARIABLE: # of squeezes

Exper1mental Group: Exercises

Control group:

making connections6
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VARIABLE: Exercise

DEPENDENT VARIABLE: # of squeezes

Exper1mental Group: Exercises

Control group: DOES NOT exercise

making connections7
Making Connections..

QUESTION: If we exercise first, can we squeeze the clothespin more times?

HYPOTHESIS: IF we exercise first, THEN we will squeeze the clothespin more times.

1NDEPENDENT VAR1ABLE: Exercise

DEPENDENT VARIABLE: # of squeezes

Exper1mental Group: Exercises

Control group: DOES NOT exercise

DATA TO BE COLLECTED: # of squeezes in one minute

slide22
Why should the sample size be large?
  • Why should we use a lot of people for the experiment?
  • THE RESULTS WILL BE MORE ACCURATE
  • MORE ACCURATE DATA
  • RESULTS ARE MORE VALID
practice
PRACTICE:

A scientist would like to know how fertilizer affects the growth of a sunflower. Design an experiment.

slide25
A TV show host claims that taking Lipogone pills will help you lose weight. Lipogone has not been FDA approved yet. The active ingredient in the pill is dinitrophenol and several hormones that are said to increase the metabolism of biological molecules. Design an experiment to test the claim made by the TV show host.
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