India - A land of Diversity ! AIESEC Delhi IIT
India - Its People • Indians form one-sixth of all humanity. • India is also the largest democracy in the world.
India • India is the 7th largest country in the world • India is also the largest peninsula, bordered on three sides by the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean
India ... • India manages to sideswipe everyone with its size, clamor and diversity. • If you enjoy delving into convoluted cosmologies, thrive on sensual overload, and have a firm grasp of the absurd, then India is one of the most intricate and rewarding dramas unfolding on earth.
Beautiful by nature The majestic Himalayas to the north,
Images ... Apsara & Lion - a sculpture in Khajuraho Qutab Minar
More .. Houseboats in Kashmir Trekkers in the Himalayas
A land of Spirituality • India has no official religion : Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains & lots others abound here. • Languages ? 18 officially recognized languages. A total of 1652 different languages are spoken !!!
India’s People • Curious, Extremely Friendly, emotional & very colorful !
But India is not only about people… its also about Wildlife ...
India has a number of Wildlife sanctuaries from Kaziranga in the south to Corbett in the north …over 350 in total
India - Industrial Might • Since Independence, India’s aim has been to become self reliant in every field • India produces enough Iron, Steel, bauxite, Manganese, Mica, Salt, Coal not only for its own use but even for export • The Indian economy has been growing @ 7% per year for the past 5 years
Some facts ... • India is the 5th largest economy in the world • Large, diversified and well distributed manufacturing capability • Private sector accounts for 75% of GDP. • Commercial banking network of over 63,000 branches, supported by national and state level financial institutions. • 22 stock exchanges and over 9,000 listed companies.
Why India is growing fast .. • R&D, infrastructure and technical and marketing services are well developed. • Rich mineral base and an abundance of other natural resources. • Stable democratic environment since 1947. • Independent multi-tier judicial system.
Why India is growing fast .. • Skilled manpower. • English as the preferred language for business. • Positive foreign investment policies. • Freedom of access, investment, location choice of technology, import and export.
India has the world’s heaviest dam - Bhakra Nangal & also the world’s longest dam at 4.8 kilometers - Hirakud dam • India has one of the largest & most closely knit canal systems for irrigation in the world
Agriculture • Gone are the days when Indians had to suffer because of famine .. • Indian agricultural production levels are at a record high & there is enough for every person ...
Foodgrain production touched a record level last year at 200 million tons !!!
Railways • ‘Indian Railways’ is the largest employer in the world with over 1,600,000 employees • It is also one of the largest railway networks in the world in terms of volume & size
Government • India follows a democratic setup • It is the largest democracy where over 450 million voters exercise their power to vote
Industry health • The Bombay Stock Exchange was the highest gainer in Asia during the last quarter - 38% … it is now past the 5000 mark • The Indian passenger car market is growing at a whopping rate - over 40% per year
Industry Health... • Foreign Exchange reserves with India now are at a record high - over $30 billion
Indian Software • Indian Software firms exported $3 billion worth last year. • The Industry is growing @ 70% per year and soon will be India’s highest foreign exchange earner
OtherWise • But India is not only about growth .. It is also about intellectual might ...
IND-intellect • Over the years Indians have won Nobel prizes and achieved results that have vastly improved the world • Indians have won Oscars, Grammies, the Booker prize and lots others...
More recently ... • More recently, an Indian Scientist developed the Pentium chip while at Intel • Another guy, Sabeer Bhatia had an idea, and started HotMail, the most popular free email service on the net
Waves ... • Indians throughout the world have been part of its history & have constantly been innovating & inventing while being one of the most culturally awake nations of all time ...
India’s history • India’s history dates back to thousands of years … • The earliest known civilization was the Harappa culture which flourished in the Indus valley - the harappans were excellent town planners & they even had a pretty good drainage system, a thing unheard of in 2500 BC !
The Harappan culture had its roots around 7000 BC and continued on till about 1500 BC • The Aryans came from Central Asia & Eastern Europe & settled in the Punjab about 1500 BC
Literature • The oldest book in the world is also Indian - the Rig Veda, which is 5000 years old.It was written in Sanskrit. • Sanskrit was the primary language from which all other languages later evolved. • “Abhigyan Shakuntalam“ is a play by Kalidas - arguably India’s greatest poet, has been translated in all major languages of the world
The Ramayana • “The Ramayana” is the oldest epic which portrays the ideals of Indian society & culture • It is a story about Lord Rama, Hanuman & Sita
Mahabharata • The Mahabharata is the longest epic in the world. It is about a dynasty & how a major battle between brothers changed the course of India’s history • The battle of Mahabharata took place around 900 BC
Then came the empires ... • Chandragupta Maurya, Emperor Ashoka etc. brought about cultural & political changes which can still be felt today. • They unified the country & represented it as one.
Arthashastra • Under the King Chandragupta Maurya, Chanakya ( or Kautilya ) wrote the detailed & in-depth book about economics, administration & politics called “Arthashastra”
The Mughals • The Mughals came from parts of Afghanistan & beyond in 1525 • They ushered in another golden age of building, arts and literature Agra Fort
The Mughals ... • The Mughals added even more variety to Indian Architecture, Food and Culture & customs Taj Mahal
The British • Colonial Europe found its way to India through Vasco Da Gama, an explorer who finally managed to find a sea-route to India • Within a century and some more, India saw permanent trade with the Portuguese, the Dutch, the British and the Danes
The British Raj • The British, were here to make money, but they also developed a railway network • They developed Tea, Coffee & cotton plantations • Expanded Iron & Coal mining etc
The Raj • The Raj saw a deep exploitation of India, wildlife was hunted down as sport, the people were exploited … • It was all very sad …until ...