Sir William Bragg By: Aubrie Odegaard
Born in Westward, Cumberland, on July 2, 1862 • 1882 got a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge • 1884: 3rd place in the Mathematical Tripos
Studied physics in Cavendish Laboratory during 1885 • Developed view that gamma rays and X-rays have particle-like properties (1907) • Cavendish Professor of Physics at Leeds 1909-1915,
Quain Professor of Physics University College London, 1915-1925 • Fullerian Professor of Chemistry in Royal Institution (1935-1940)
found branch of science, analysis of crystal structure by X-rays • Detected underwater sounds to locate submarines during WWI due to work and scientific eminence
President of physics at Australian Association for Advancement of Science • Professor of mathematics and physics at University Adelaide • Awarded Nobel Prize 1915 jointly with his son
Made C.B.E. in 1917 and knighted in 1920 • Order of Merit in 1913 • Elected President of the Royal Society in 1935 • Was honorary doctor of sixteen universities
Trained himself to become good, lucid lecturer • Popular scientific lecturer and writer • Made instrument equipment needed for practical laboratory teaching
He was author of many books such as… • Studies in Radioactivity; X-Rays and Crystal Structure; etc.
Designed ionization spectrometer, prototype of X-ray and neutron diffract meters • First exact measurements of X-ray wavelengths and crystal data
Developed view that gamma rays and X-rays have particle-like properties • Director; Davy Faraday Research Laboratories, London
Bibliography • William Bragg The Nobel Prize in Physics 1915." Nobel Prize. 1967. Elsevier Publishing Company, Web. 19 Feb 2010. <http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1915/wh-bragg-bio.html>. • "Sir William Bragg." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 21 Feb. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/76956/Sir-William-Bragg>.
. . . • Lonsdale , Dame. "Bragg, Sir William." Britannica Nobel Prize. 1978. Web. 21 Feb 2010. <http://dwb.unl.edu/Teacher/NSF/C06/C06Links/188.8.131.52/nobel/micro/83_19.html>.