Life of Sir William Gerald Golding • Lived from 1911 to 1993 • Wrote mostly about the eternal nature of man • Highly imaginative and original • Other works include The Inheritors, Pincher Martin, Free Fall, The Spire, The Pyramid, The Scorpion God, Darkness Visible, Rites of Passage, Close Quarters, Fire Down Below.
His Greatest Work • Lord of the Flies is a dark, allegorical novel written in 1954. • A group of boys attempt to set up a democratic society when they get stranded on a deserted island. Their “civilization” eventually breaks down into savagery and every man for himself.
Themes • Society holds everything together. Without society’s rules anarchy and savagery take over. • Morals come directly from our surroundings. If there is no civilization around us, we will lose these values. • People will abuse power when it’s not earned • When given a chance, people often single out another to degrade to improve their own security • You can only cover up inner savagery so long before it breaks out, given the right situation • It's better to examine the consequences of a decision before you make it than to discover them afterward
Piggy and Glasses Ralph, the Conch Simon Roger Jack The Island The “Scar” The Beast Lord of the Flies Clear-sightedness, intelligence Democracy, order Pure goodness, “Christ” figure Evil, Satan Savagery, anarchy A microcosm representing the world Man’s destruction The evil residing within everyone The Devil Symbolism
Inspirations • Robert Ballantyne’s Coral Island • Edgar Rice Burroughs • Jules Verne
Discussion Questions • Explore the irony of the rescue at the end of the novel. • Are the defects of society directly related to the defects of human nature as Golding suggests in LotF? Explore by using examples to support your point. Look at your warm up from last week to inspire your thoughts.
Discussion Questions • The central symbol is the Lord of the Flies (which is a translation of the Greek word Beelzebub). The word Beelzebub connects to decay, destruction, demoralization, hysteria and panic. This being the case, explore how this symbol truly is the central symbol of this novel.
Essay • Start to format a new thesis statement for your essay. • How are you going to work Lord of the Flies into your essay. • Are you going to come up with a new idea?