Sir William Jones (1746-1794) • Sir William Jones founded the Asiatic Society in 1784 under the patronage of Warren Hastings. • Famed for its collection of Indology, Literature and Scientific Research of about 20000 volumes including some 8000 rare Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian and Hindi manuscripts.
Asiatic Society: 1784 The Library contains approximately 20,000 volumes inclusive of 8,000 rare Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian and Hindi manuscript. • The archaeological relics, geological and ethnological specimens formed the nucleus of the Indian Museum opened in 1875. • Sir William Jones founded this Society, in order to advance the study of Indology. Intended for literary and scientific research.
Indian Industry in the 18th century • 1700-1800: Indian Steel industry flourishes and exported to Netherlands and Britain. Annual potential of iron and steel production, around 1800, is estimated at 200,000 tons. • 1770: ice was manufactured from water by a man-made process in the Allahabad region. Conveyed to the British Royal Society in London by the British commander-in- chief of the Bengal army. The details were tested and analyzed in Edinburgh in due course led to the founding, patenting of the earlier forms of modern-day refrigeration.