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MICHIGAN EXPERIENCE WITH WARRANTY WORK. Warranty Program History Why Warranties ? Warranty Specifications Experience & Lessons Learned. Risk Transfer. Pavement Warranty Summary (1996 – 2002). 473 = Capital Preventive Maintenance (CPM)

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Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317



Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

Pavement Warranty Summary

(1996 – 2002)

473 = Capital Preventive Maintenance (CPM)

131 = Rehabilitation & Reconstruction (R&R)



2002 warranties
2002 Warranties

  • Over 90% of CPM Program

  • Over 50% of R&R Program


Warranty duration
Warranty Duration

  • 2 or 3 Years (CPM)

  • 5 Years (R&R)


2 year cpm warranty
2-Year CPM Warranty

  • Chip seals

  • Micro-Surfacing

  • Crack Treatment

  • Concrete Joint Resealing


3 year cpm warranty
3-Year CPM Warranty

  • Non-Structural HMA Overlays

  • Cold Mill and HMA Resurfacing

  • Hot In-place HMA Recycling

  • Concrete Pavement Repairs


5 year rehab warranty
5-Year Rehab Warranty

  • Multiple Course HMA Overlays on -

    • Rubblized Concrete

    • Repaired HMA or Concrete

    • Crush & Shape Base


5 year new reconstruct warranty
5-Year New & Reconstruct Warranty

  • HMA Pavements

  • Concrete Pavements


Why warranties
Why Warranties ?

  • Quality Control (QC) Transferred to Contractors

  • Agency Staff Reduction

  • National Initiative from Method Specifications to Performance Specifications



Contractor benefits
Contractor Benefits Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Encourages Contractor Innovation

  • Enhances Contractor Knowledge About the Product


Agency benefits
Agency Benefits Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Increased Pavement Performance

  • Reduced Pavement Life Cycle Cost


Project life cycle cost
Project Life Cycle Cost Impacts Pavement Performance


Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

Current Condition Impacts Pavement Performance

40%

Percent of Network Pavement

19%

17%

10%

8%

6%

(0-2)

(3-7)

(8-12)

(13-17)

(18-22)

(23-27)

(Years)

Pavement Remaining Life Categories


Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

Yearly Distribution Impacts Pavement Performance

8

Percent of Network Pavement

23

1

3

13

18

(0-2)

(3-7)

(8-12)

(13-17)

(18-22)

(23-27)

(Years)

Pavement Remaining Life Categories


Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

Ideal Condition Impacts Pavement Performance

Percent of Network Pavement

20%

18%

18%

17%

16%

11%

(0-2)

(3-7)

(8-12)

(13-17)

(18-22)

(23-27)

(Years)

Pavement Remaining Life Categories


Warranty specifications

Warranty Specifications Impacts Pavement Performance


Quality data
Quality Data Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Specification Development

  • Project Monitoring


Spec development process
Spec Development Process Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Performance Measures Must Be Linked to Warranty Length

  • Performance Thresholds Must Be Based on Actual Pavements

  • Contractor is Involved as Partner


Warranty spec components
Warranty Spec Components Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Initial Acceptance

  • Warranty Bond

  • Rights and Responsibilities

  • Performance Thresholds

  • Corrective Action

  • Conflict Resolution Process


Initial acceptance
Initial Acceptance Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Form Signed by Department and Contractor

  • Acceptance Date of Construction

  • Linked to “Open to Traffic”

  • Linked to Pavement Acceptance

  • Starts Warranty Period


Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317
Bond Impacts Pavement Performance

CPM

100% of the warranted work

R&R

5% of the contract amount or fixed $ amount


Rights and responsibilities of the department
Rights and Responsibilities of the Department Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Approve Materials, Methods and Schedule for Corrective Work

  • Perform Routine Maintenance

  • Involve Third Party for Emergency Repairs

  • Notify Contractor when Pavement Condition Exceeds the Performance Thresholds


Rights and responsibilities of the contractor
Rights and Responsibilities of the Contractor Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Provide Written Work Plan for Corrective Action

  • Follow Agency Permit Process

  • Complete All Corrective Work Before Warranty Expires


Performance thresholds
Performance Thresholds Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Condition Parameters

  • Segment Length

  • Contractor Caused Condition


General condition parameters asphalt
General Condition Parameters Impacts Pavement Performance(Asphalt)

  • Transverse Cracking

  • Longitudinal Cracking/Open Joint

  • De-Bonding

  • Raveling

  • Flushing

  • Rutting

  • Ride Quality


Flushing
Flushing Impacts Pavement Performance


Rutting
Rutting Impacts Pavement Performance


Conflict resolution process
Conflict Resolution Process Impacts Pavement Performance

  • Five Member Team

    • Two Department

    • Two Contractor

    • One Mutually Selected

  • Never Invoked To Date


  • Warranty call backs
    Warranty Call Backs Impacts Pavement Performance

    • CPM < 5%

      • Repair Work

      • Cash Settlement

  • R&R < 2%

    • Repair Work


  • Experience after 5 years
    Experience After 5 Years Impacts Pavement Performance

    • Reduced Agency Inspection Costs

    • Unknown “Actual” Overhead Cost

    • No Effect on Bid Costs

    • Unknown Gains in Remaining Service Life

    • Improved Workmanship with some Contractors

    • Premature Distress not Eliminated

    • Transfer of Risk is in Process


    Lessons learned
    Lessons Learned Impacts Pavement Performance

    • Proper Project Scoping is Key

    • Documentation Becomes More Important

    • Need for Tougher Pre-Qualification Standards for Contractors

    • Agency Responsibility has Shifted

    • Some Contractors won’t Bid Warranty Work

    • Warranties are here to stay


    The next steps
    THE NEXT STEPS Impacts Pavement Performance


    National center for pavement preservation

    NATIONAL CENTER Impacts Pavement PerformanceforPAVEMENT PRESERVATION


    National center for pavement preservation1
    National Center for Pavement Preservation Impacts Pavement Performance


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317
    National Center for Pavement Preservation Impacts Pavement PerformanceEngineering Research Bldg2857 West Jolly Road Okemos, MI 48864Telephone (517) 432-8220

    Foundation for

    Pavement

    Preservation


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    The Objectives Impacts Pavement Performance-

    • Outreach

    • Education

    • Research

    - in Pavement Preservation


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    • Facilitate Applied Research Projects.

    • Oversee Pooled Fund Studies.

    • Serve as a Partner in National Research Studies.


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    • Assist Highway Agencies with the Development of Specifications, Guidelines, and Project Selection.

    • Integrate Pavement Preservation Activities with Pavement Management Systems.

    • Provide Administrative Functions for the Midwestern Pavement Preservation Partnership.


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    • Serve as a Consultant for Pavement Cost- Effectiveness Studies.

    • Promote and Promulgate Pavement Preservation Principles at Conferences, Trade Shows, etc.

    • Maintain a Technical Resource Library.


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    • Offer Continuing Education Units in Cooperation with MSU.

    • Develop Courses in Cooperation with MSU.

    • Meet Specific Client Training Needs with Custom-Design, On-Site Programs.


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    • Develop and Offer Center- Sponsored Training at MSU

    • Develop Technical Briefings

    • Host Web-Related, Pavement Preservation Information


    Michigan experience with warranty work 1347317

    The End Impacts Pavement Performance