Racism By: Arianna Cruz Period 6
What is Racism? • Racism • The belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, esp. so to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races • Racism was difficult for people who were of another race, they were discriminated against as well as segregated from others
Racism • Racism affected multiple races, especially immigrants from other nations • African Americans • Hispanics • Asians • Mainly focusing on African-American discrimination in America
Does racism still exist today? • Racism today • Barack Obama being elected as president is seen as a change and end or racism • Discrimination still exists between all races • Ex: Gang violence
Ghettos back then • Ghettos • Residential area which a racial or ethnic group is forced to live • Created for African Americans as well as other ethnic groups • 1910-1917 • Southern and border cities did not allow African-Americans to live in white neighborhoods
Ghettos Today • These days, we have “ghettos,” but it is not only for people of color, it is all people that do not necessarily have a ton of money • Ghettos today • Poorer parts of cities • Not designated to anyone, just people that cannot afford a better living space • Also may have a lot of violence that is surrounding the neighborhood
NAACP • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • February 12, 1909 • “The Call” • Abolish racially biased legislations & enforced the 13th 14th & 15th amendments • The first board of directors were all whites • Moorfield Storey (First president of NAACP) • New York May 31, 1909 • First official conference • 300 blacks and whites
NAACP • 1919, NAACP had 300 branches with 900,000 members • Fought against lynch Mobs • Then began to focus more on the inequality of education, health care, housing, and public transportation
Racism Now • All people are able to have equal rights • They are able to go to whatever schools they would like • Health care is offered to everyone that is able to afford it not just white people • Ghettos are not for colored people only • Transportation is for everyone, we are all aloud to freely ride buses, buy cares, ride trains, BART, etc.
Examples • Example then: • Prime example of the inequality of transportation is Rosa Parks • Arrested because she refused to give up her seat for a white person • Example now: • Some say that Barack Obama got elected because of the color his race
Interview • I interviewed my grandma, she grew up on Guam and so she is talking about the racism on Guam at that time and how it is now. • What do you remember about racism while you were growing up? • Growing up on a small island, rather remote, racism was just not an issue. In fact the concept of racism was rather foreign to me. Of course we read and discussed the issue of race, however to recognize an act or emotion as racist was difficult because it was not a focus in our society. Additionally the population on Guam was not as diverse as it is now.
Interview • How do you feel things have changed from then to now? • I do visit home often and while on these visits I recognize a change in attitudes when it comes to the issue of race. New industries have been established on the island in the interest of progress, mainly tourism. This has brought peoples from all over the world, mainly Asia, to our island and some have stayed and made it their home. And somehow when embracing diversity we meld some of the traditions and culture of our new neighbors in to our everyday lives, at the risk of losing some of our own.
Interview • Do you still feel that racism is still going on today? • The indeginous (chamorros) recognize they are at risk of losing the important elements of their rich culture and are now in a race to recapture and maintain traditions. • Our distinct language is key toensuring the continuity of our society. I feel the issue of prejudices on Guam now are generated not by race but by economics and the fear of losing cultural identity.
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