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JAMESTOWN THE FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH SETTLEMENT
wealth power England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her _________ and _________.
Name 3 ways that an American colony would do this: • They hoped to find gold and silver. • The settlement would furnish raw materials. • It would open new markets for trade.
Who financed the settlement of Jamestown? Virginia Company
The king! Who was the English king who granted the charter? James I
English rights What did the charter guarantee to the English colonists?
peninsula James Jamestown was located on a narrow __________ on the ________ River.
Today the original Jamestown site is located on an _________ in the James River. island
Most were... gentlemen who lacked the necessary ______. skills
4 reasons they chose a peninsula: It was easy to defend. The water was deep enough for ships to dock. They thought they had a good supply of fresh water. The river provided food and a pathway for exploration.
Hardships marshy unsafe water diseases
First strong leader John Smith
John Smith’s most important rule: “He that will not work, shall not eat!”
John Smith maintained a good relationship with the Powhatans so the colonists were able to … trade.
Winter of 1609 starving time
They decide to leave but... Lord De La Warr arrives with more men and supplies.
The Powhatans had introduced the colonists to 2 new crops: corn and tobacco
John Rolfe Who planted a new kind of tobacco?
Tobacco was sold in England as Jamestown’s _______ _______. cash crop
The economy of the Virginia colony now depended on ______________ as a primary source of wealth. agriculture
So everything is just great in Jamestown. Or is it? invaders land The Powhatans saw the colonists as ________ that would take over their ______.