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Lighting Fixture Design Conference 2014
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  1. Light Sculpting: An Innovative New Approach for SSL Luminaires Lighting Fixture Design Conference 2014 Contact: info@quarkstar.com

  2. Who is QuarkStar™ An Experienced GlobalTeam Dr. Louis Lerman Nevada, USA Dr. Peter Stormberg Tenerife / Germany Hertz Fellow, Stanford University, Scientist, Entrepreneur in Large-Scale Development, Construction, and Robotics (now Boeing-Insitu) Former CTO, Philips Lighting Dr. Roland Haitz California, USA Dr. Robert Steele California, USA Former CTO, Semiconductor Products Group of HP and Agilent (Now Avago) Former Director, LED Market Research Practice of Strategies Unlimited Brent York British Columbia, Canada Wilson Dau Alberta, Canada Former CTO TIR Systems & IP Strategist for Philips Former Chair IESNA Office Lighting Committee (RP1) Ingo Speier British Columbia, Canada ...and many others Senior Photonics Scientist

  3. SSL Fixture Challenges for Lighting Quality and functionality of light Sculpting light distributions in space and time Managing glare Mixing of SSL sources Tuning the spectrum of light Compatibility with controls, artificial intelligence Personalization: digital controls and analog light shaping Differentiation of design Economics (initial & operating costs) Structure of Light Spectral Tuning Controls Market Advantage

  4. The Solution Almost all SSL challenges are impacted or solved by the sculpting of light in space, and not just time:

  5. Sculpting Light in Space. . . . . . Is Powerful

  6. Like Semiconductor: Leveraging Scale Changes Everything Vacuum Tube Transistor Integrated Circuit Incumbent Transition Revolution Filament Tube Light Emitting Diode Integrated System The future of Lighting Leverages Scale of LED Courtesy of Dr. Roland Haitz

  7. Implication #1: The changing physical scale NEW Scale of Light Old Scale of Light LED 100,000 times smaller Fluorescent Lamp LED Progress

  8. Implication #2: The changing luminance scale Limit of visual tolerance Luminance (cd/m2) Office Fixture Limits 100 109 1,000,000 1000 100,000 10,000,000 10,000 100,000,000 T8 Lamp Raw LED LED 10,000+ times brighter Typical source SSL: 10,000X brighter than a typical source

  9. Glare is “Visual Noise” “LEDs have not improved recessed troffers. But they have made them more efficient.” “Even diffuse LED lamps produced a more ‘stripy’ troffer appearance and increased perceived glare, compared to fluorescent lamping.”* *Naomi Miller, et. al, April 2013, “CALIPER 2013 – Exploratory Study: Recessed Troffer Lighting” “LEDs can cause glare, which may negatively impact adoption in some applications.”* SSL: Early Lessons Learned on the Way to Market (DOE 2014) Brighter LEDs only make the glare problem worse.

  10. Simple Substitution = Undifferentiated Solutions Radiation patterns do not disclose glare or other “issues” DOE assessment of direct illumination SSL troffers *Naomi Miller, et. al, April 2013, “CALIPER 2013 – Exploratory Study: Recessed Troffer Lighting”

  11. Light Without Glare A New Approach Introducing a new optical system that efficiently mixes and distributes light in a minimal structure with virtually no glare in fields of view. The Glare Free Filament The filament becomes the fixture

  12. How Light SculptingWorks LEDs coupling Optical Efficiency > 90% mixing extractor Light is well mixed and tightly controlled so that it can be distributed more optimally in the space. reflector flux luminaire flux LEDs

  13. Scale With Control Like a “Directed Linear Lamp” Glare Free Filament: fullcontrol Linear Fluorescent: no control

  14. The Elimination of Glare Eliminates Hot Spots Above Fixture Low Brightness Zone Uniformly Illuminates Ceiling High Brightness Zone Low Brightness Zone Avoids Glare In Environment Moderate Brightness Zone (improves contrast on work surface)

  15. How This Approach Achieves High Efficiency New Solution: Glare Free Filament™ Standard Solution: Conventional LED Luminaire “Lossless” (<1%) Lost in Transport Incoupling (<3%) Lost at Coupling Extraction (<6%) Lost at Extractor Lossy (3 - 15%) Lost Per Reflection Lossy (8 – 18%) Lost Per Diffusion • “Lossless” Total Internal Reflection (TIR) • Light is concentrated and mixed • Light is split and precisely sculpted • Glare is managed • Optical efficiency 90% + • Lossy Diffuse Reflection/Diffusion • Light bounces many times, it is WASTED • Creates semi-lambertian profile • Glare problems • Optical efficiency 65 - 85%

  16. Future Proofing: An Inherent Property Light Mixing Spectral Tuning

  17. Economic Advantage of Sculpting Light Glare Free Filament 2ft x 2ft Wasted Light & Energy Low Max:Min Target Light Level Conventional 2ft x 2ft Recessed Wasted Light & Energy High Max:Min Inadequate Light Level Target Light Level Better distribution of light means fewer fixtures & more uniform lighting

  18. A Simple Case Study Current Solution: High Performance SSL Pendant* Glare Free Filament Solution* 400 lux mean 400 lux mean Higher contrast on ceiling and floor Smoother light on ceiling and floor 48 pendant fixtures 33 pendant fixtures Improved light distribution improves vertical surface levels on walls and vertical surfaces, with higher application efficiency with FEWER fixtures. *AGI32 computer simulations normalized to 400 luxwith 125 lm/W LED source in 18m X 18m open office

  19. Smaller, Lighter, Fewer = Lower Initial Cost Current Solution: High Performance SSL Pendant Glare Free Filament Solution < 1 in. < 6 lbs ~15 lbs ~ 10 in.

  20. One Filament: 10X Range of Applications Mid-Power LEDs High-Power LEDs

  21. Engineering Concept Prototypes: A detail review

  22. Filament Fixture Concepts: A Sampling Q-Blade™ Recessed Garage Q-Blade™ Pendant Trendant™ Troffer Pendant

  23. QuarkStar: Trendant™ Luminaire Prototype

  24. QuarkStar™: Q-Blade Pendant & Recessed Luminaire Prototype

  25. QuarkStar™: Q-Blade™ Troffer Luminaire Prototype

  26. QuarkStar™: Q-Pendant Luminaire Prototype

  27. QuarkStar™: Garage Luminaire Prototype

  28. Sculpting of Light Helps Solve SSL Challenges Quality and functionality of light Sculpting light distributions in space and time Glare Mixing of SSL sources Tuning the spectrum of light Compatibility with controls, artificial intelligence Personalization: Digital controls and analog light shaping Differentiation of design* Economics (initial & operating costs) Structure of Light Spectral Tuning Controls Market Advantage *Over 50 patents filed, 11 patents granted to date

  29. Light Sculpting: An Innovative New Approach for SSL Luminaires Thank You! Questions, Follow up please contact us below Contact: info@quarkstar.com